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Solar System

By: Morgan Myers

Morgan Myers

on 29 April 2010

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Transcript of Solar System

Double click anywhere & add an idea The sun Mercury The sun Mercury is the closest planet to the sun, and also the hottest. The sun lit part of the planet is 800 F. And on the darker side it is 200 below zero.The planet Mercury is thought to be mostly iron, about 70% of the planet's mass. It is covered by a comparatively thin crust of rock, including mountains and plains. Mercury has many craters from asteroid and meteor impacts, primarily due to the lack of an atmosphere. the planet venus is the second major planet to the sun. It is about 26 million miles from the earth, and is 67 million miles from the sun. It takes 225 days to orbit around the sun. the highest temp. on venmus is 860 F. ( 460 C.)The atmosphere of Venus is incredibly dense and cloud covered. The clouds are made of sulfuric acid droplets and sulfur dioxide (instead of water). Earth is the home planet to all living things.( plants animals, and humans.)Earth is the 3rd planet from the Sun at a distance of about 150 million kilometers (93.2 million miles). It takes 365.256 days for the Earth to travel around the Sun and 23.9345 hours for the Earth rotate a complete revolution. It has a diameter of 12,756 kilometers (7,973 miles), only a few hundred kilometers larger than that of Venus.From the perspective we get on Earth, our planet appears to be big and sturdy with an endless ocean of air. From space, astronauts often get the impression that the Earth is small with a thin, fragile layer of atmosphere. For a space traveler, the distinguishing Earth features are the blue waters, brown and green land masses and white clouds set against a black background. Named after the Roman god of war, the planet Mars is located four planets from the Sun. Commonly referred to as “The Red Planet,” Mars tends to give off a reddish hue when viewed from Earth. This is believed to be caused by an abundance of iron oxide on the planet’s surface. Mars is about half the size of the Earth. Mars has two moons, Phobos and Deimos, both of which are relatively small in size and not shaped in perfect spheres like the Earth’s moon. Mars can be easily seen from Earth without a telescope at a brightness that is only surpassed by the planet Venus, the Moon and the Sun. One of the most common names we call mars is the "Red Planet". It got its nickname red planet because of its red, dusty surface. Jupiter is the largest planet within our solar system, located five planets from the Sun. Jupiter has a total radius of nearly 70,000 kilometers, which is second only to that of the Sun’s 696,000 kilometer radius. Jupiter’s overall size is 318 times greater than that of the Earth. Jupiter is 2.5 times larger than all of the other planets in the solar system combined.It takes this massive planet a whopping 4,333 days to orbit the Sun one full time!
Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second largest:

orbit: 1,429,400,000 km (9.54 AU) from Sun
diameter: 120,536 km (equatorial)
mass: 5.68e26 kg
Like Jupiter, Saturn is about 75% hydrogen and 25% helium with traces of water, methane, ammonia and "rock", similar to the composition of the primordial Solar Nebula from which the solar system was formed.The origin of the rings of Saturn (and the other jovian planets) is unknown. Though they may have had rings since their formation, the ring systems are not stable and must be regenerated by ongoing processes, perhaps the breakup of larger satellites. The current set of rings may be only a few hundred million years old.


j Uranus is the seventh planet from the Sun, and the third-largest and fourth most massive planet in the Solar System. It is named after the ancient Greek deity of the sky Uranus (Ancient Greek: ) the father of Cronus (Saturn) and grandfather of Zeus (Jupiter). Though it is visible to the naked eye like the five classical planets, it was never recognized as a planet by ancient observers because of its dimness and slow orbit.[16] Sir William Herschel announced its discovery on March 13, 1781, expanding the known boundaries of the Solar System for the first time in modern history. Uranus was also the first planet discovered with a telescope. Depending on its orbital position, Neptune is often the eighth, sometimes the ninth planet from the sun. The planet Neptune is the smallest of our gas giants, or the planets in our solar system whose mass is mostly made up of gas. It is, like the other gas giants of Saturn, Jupiter and Uranus, without a well defined surface.The composition of hydrogen, helium, and methane gives Neptune its unique blue color. It also has faint rings surrounding the planet. For many years, it was believed these rings were not complete. pluto is the last and smallest of all the planets. It is dark and very cold.Tiny, cold and incredibly distant, Pluto was discovered in 1930 and long considered to be the ninth planet. But after the discoveries of similar intriguing worlds even farther out, Pluto was reclassified as a dwarf planet. This new class of worlds may offer some of the best evidence of the origins of our solar system.Pluto's composition is not very well known since it is so far away from Earth. Astronomers believe that it's mostly made of rock and frozen methane, water, nitrogen and carbon dioxide. This is probably covered by a thin atmosphere of methane gas. it is impossible for any human are living thing to live or visit here.
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