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Phonology 3, Stress, Rhythm & Intonation

Identify how the supra-segmental features foster real language in oral communication.

Ernesto Gutiérrez

on 16 February 2011

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Transcript of Phonology 3, Stress, Rhythm & Intonation

Stress, Rhythm & Intonation
What is STRESS?
Unlike what most people think, stress is the relative emphasis that may be given to certain syllables in a word.
What is RHYTHM then?
Rhythm comes when stress is put on some words in a sentence.
But, are all the words stressed?
Not all are. Anyhow these are the ones you must stress:

Content Words such as:
Ok, now we've got to think about INTONATION
Let's say that it involves emotions & clarification.

There are three kinds of Intonation that we use to convey our ideas:
Let's wrap it up:
Word Stress is a way to understand how words sound and how many syllables there might be.

Sentence Stress is a way to express a message as it delivers the Content Words.

Rhythm is got as we notice the Function Words and combine them with the Content Words.

Intonation is a way to convey our emotions or to clarify our meaning.
These tools
are the key to being understood;
feel the sounds!!!
How many kinds of STRESS are there in English?
There are 2:
Word stress which may change meanings.
Sentence stress which conveys content.
we are about to say something in English but we still need a tiny part...
Thank you for your sound attention!
Wh-words e.g whose, What, where, which, when, who, why and how.

Adjectives e.g. beautiful, interesting, nice, awesome, cheap, good, better, worse, etc.

Adverbs e.g. often, carefully, quickly, hard, barely, roughly, surprinsingly, clearly, etc.

Demonstrative Pronouns e.g. This, that, these & those.

Reflexive pronouns e.g. Myself, yourselves, himself, etc.

Nouns e.g. kitchen, Peter, River Nile, Africa, Mexican, English, Ian, etc.

Negative auxiliary verbs e.g to be, to do and to have.

Negative words e.g None, no, any, never, etc.

Most main verbs e.g. visit, construct, eat, hear, move, think, say, read, etc.
Falling Intonation 4 Open-Questions.

Rising Intonation 4 Corroborative-Questions.

Flat Intonation 4 sentences, either affirmative or negative ones.
Of course there is kind of words we never stress, Function Words:
Articles e.g. a, an, & the.

Auxiliary verbs in affirmative and questions e.g. To be, to do, to have.

Conjunctions e.g. and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet., etc

Modal verbs e.g. can, might, ought to, will, may, should, etc.

Prepositions e.g in, on, at, out, up, down, etc.

To of verb infinitives. e.g. I want to go.
Full transcript