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Lord of the Flies
Transcript of Lord of the Flies
a study in human nature
Golding began writing the novel in 1952
Originally titled Strangers from Within
Rejected by many publishers at first
Originally accepted by Faber & Faber
Published in 1954 under a new title: Lord of the Flies
1911 - 1993
Born in Cornwall, England
Educated at Oxford
Two children: David and Judith
Married to Ann Brookfield
Served in the Navy for 5 years
His literary career continued to progress throughout his life
1983 - won the Nobel Prize for Literature
1988 - knighted
Served in the Royal Navy through the end of WWII
Participated in D-Day operations (trained in Landing crafts equipped with rocket guns)
Influences (Golding's World)
"It was simply what seemed sensible for me to write after the war, when everyone was thanking God they weren't Nazis. I’d seen enough and thought enough to realize that every single one of us could be Nazis..." - William Golding
Terms to Know
noun. A story or visual image with a second distinct meaning
partially hidden behind its literal or visible meaning. Sometimes described
as a metaphor that is extended into a structured system. In written narrative,
allegory involves a continuous parallel between two or more levels of meaning
in a story, so that its persons and events correspond to their equivalents in a system of ideas of chain of events external to the tale.
Lord of the Flies is an allegorical novel in that each character and several objects represent an element of the society that the boys are so far removed from.
noun. In the simplest sense, anything
that stands for or represents something
else beyond it - usually an idea conventionally associated with it.
An indirect or passing reference to some event, person, place, or artistic work, the nature and relevance of which is not explained by the writer but relies on the reader's familiarity with what is thus mentioned.
The novel's title. A reference to the demon Beelzebub, who is also referred to as the Lord of the Flies. He is one of the higher demons and even takes the place of Satan in some biblical references.
Matthew 12:22-27; 2 Kings 1:1-6
Stephen King introduces Lord of the Flies
The True Nature of Man...
Circumstantial: Evil comes out in all of us when we are exposed to certain situations. (Rules / Hierarchy encourage evil). **The Stanford Prison Experiment.
Man is evil by nature...it just becomes more evident without the bindings of society and law.
Man acts purely on what his needs are and his ultimate goal is to satisfy those needs. **Maslow's Hierarchy of Human Nature.
The Stanford Prison Experiment
Maslow's Hierarchy of Human Needs
Golding introduces LOTF
Man is inherently evil:
(That's what makes GRACE so cool!)
In your groups...
For Ralph, Piggy, Jack, Simon, and Roger:
Fine three quotes that give you a sense of their personality.
Must include page number - quotes must come from beginning, middle, and end of book.
1 - 2 sentence explanation of why you chose that quote.
What is evil?
How do you decide what is evil? Do we get our cues from society or internally? Both?
If you are guilty, does that mean you are evil? If you are evil, will you always be guilty?