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Copy of The Golden Age of China: The Tang and Song Dynasties

Global Honors 9 Presentation
by

Elizabeth PC

on 5 November 2013

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Transcript of Copy of The Golden Age of China: The Tang and Song Dynasties

The Golden Age of China: The Tang and Song Dynasties
http://www.history-ofchina.com/tang-dynasty/tang-dynasty.html
http://images.chinahighlights.com/chinamap/ancient/northern-song-dynasty-map1.gif
Tang and Song Dynasties existed from early 7th century to late 13th century. The Italian Renaissance existed from about the 13th to 16th century and was a well-known golden age. Both were great periods of advancement.
http://www.korcula.net/history/mmarelic/croarpad.htm
Maps
-Song and Tang dynasties overlap and cover a large area of China.
-Italian Renaissance land covered a smaller but more accessible area.
Government
Song and Tang
Italian Renaissance
Bureaucracy was built from destroyed aristocracies-but still under control of emperor.
Exams were administered by a ministry of rites to ensure officials were well educated in philosophy and law.
Confucianism was a prominent theory in government-idea that virtue is attained through knowledge.
City-states with individual rulers
Government
Role of women and family
Song and Tang
Position of women showed signs of improvement under Tang and early Song eras, and deteriorated in the late Song dynasty.
Tang and Song allowed mutual divorce- protected women from husbands.
Upper class women had some rights in a male-dominated heirarchy.
Most women suppressed to homes-no career alternatives.
Role of Women and Family
Reforms
Reforms
Tang and Song Dynasties
Italian Renaissance
Bureaucracy replaced old aristocracy
Neo-Confucians revived ancient Confucian thoughts that altered society
Emperors of Song dynasty tried to save the dynasty with reforms such as better loans, agriculture projects, taxes for landlords and scholars, establishing a well-trained military and reorganizing University education.
Printing press used instead of writing books-revolutionized urban education
Humanism was introduced as a main idea in art and literature, rather than religion
Protestant reformation occurred-main religion changed from Catholic to protestant(Lutheranism, Calvinism) in various places
Religion
Religion
Tang and Song
Italian Renaissance
Chan
Buddhism
Daoism
Calvinism
Lutheranism
Catholic
Protestant
Emperors
Emperors and achievements
Tang and Song dynasties
Wendi-(Sui)Reunited Chinese civilization.
Yangdi- (Sui) Caused colllapse of dynasty.
Li Yuan-(Pre-Tang) Founded Tang Dynasty.
Tang Taizong-(Tang)Founded Tang Dynasty.
Kaozong-(Tang)overran Korea in 668.
Empress Wu-(Tang)Supported buddhism
Wuzong-(Tang)Persecuted Buddhists
Xuanzong-(Tang)Lead the high point of chinese civilization.
Taizu-(Song)Founded Song dynasty-reunited china
Wang Anshi-(Song) Imposed great reforms on Song Dynasty.
Education
Education
Tang and Song
Scholar Gentry class had high influence in society
Difficult exams given by ministry of rites to possible civil works employees to ensure that they were educated in philosophy and law
Confucian ideas dominated intellectual life
Neo-Confucians became prominent leaders
Trade
Trade
Song and Tang
Trade flourished
Advanced ship making(junks)
Provided iron and steel
Thriving economy
Expanding cities
Busy manufacturing and commerce
Widespread coinage of money
New waterways(Grand canal)
Agriculture
Agriculture
Tang and Song
Works cited
http://balma-socialstudies.com/Content/Textbook%20World%20History/12-1.pdf
http://ancienthistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Results?q=song+agriculture
Farming advances
Improved cultivation of rice
Increased food production
Increased population
New Technology
& Art
New Advances in Technology
Banks coal
money kites
canals compasses
dikes early calculator(abacus)
dams printing press
irrigation
gunpowder
tea
Poetry
Li Bo- celebrated natural world,blended images of everyday world with philosophical musing.
Du Fu-Praised orderliness and Confucian virtues.
Reflects emphasis on creativity and advancement during dynasties.
Represented prominent Confucian and philosophical values in society.
Foot binding was a common practice among girls
Due to the many achievements and reforms similar to the Italian Renaissance, such as advanced education, various reforms and technological advances made during the Tang and Song dynasties, it is appropriate to consider this a golden age in Chinese history.
In Tang and Song Dynasty
Elders were very highly respected- younger children were severely punished or killed for abusing their superiors
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhism
Full transcript