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Transcript of Hero's Journey
1. Jay Gatsby
2. Atticus Finch
3. Harry Potter
The Great Gatsby
To Kill a Mockingbird
Stages of the Hero's Journey
Gatsby, Atticus, and Harry are all heroes in their own respects. They all go through their own journeys while experiencing different things. Something that was strived for by all of them was change. Gatsby, in his fantasy of getting back together with Daisy, followed his green light which was his dream, in order for it to change another away. Even though his dream never came true, he had to serve as the scapegoat archetype, because in the end, he dies at the hand of others because of his good will. Atticus, being the "hero as warrior" archetype when he fights the system, also took on his adventure of the court case to prove what should be done to change, or at least go against the unjust social system. Finally, Harry stood up to the dark lord so that he could take him down and change other people's lives from fear. All 3 sought something to change which, in the end, is what is inevitable in a hero's journey.
By: Rey Perez-4th
Harry Potter 1-7
Call to Adventure
Gatsby became the hero of his own life story in The Great Gatsby when he saves Dan Cody and his yacht as the 17 year old James Gatz. “He had changed [his name and identity] at the age of seventeen and at the specific moment that witnessed the beginning of his career — when he saw Dan Cody’s yacht drop anchor over the most insidious flat on Lake Superior.” (pg. 98) James always had grand visions of his future and believed that “He was a son of God — a phrase which, if it means anything, means just that — and he must be about His Father’s business, the service of a vast, vulgar, and meretricious beauty.” (pg. 98) Every part of what happened to Jay that set him on his hero’s journey was because of a call to adventure where he had “borrowed a rowboat, pulled out to the Tuolomee, and informed Cody that a wind might catch him and break him up in half an hour” (pg. 98)
A mentor and helper of Gatsby on his journey was Dan Cody. Just as the adventure of saving Dan Cody’s yacht was the reason Gatsby was set on his own hero’s journey throughout his life, Dan himself was the reason Gatsby became the type of person he is. Besides his nature “that he was quick and extravagantly ambitious,” (pg. 98) Cody changed and influenced a lot more of Gatsby’s life. Some habits sprouted from their relationship and mentorship, like that fact that “it was indirectly due to Cody that Gatsby drank so little,” (pg. 98) and beginning to use the phrase “old sport.” Jay and his fortune came to be since “it was from Cody that he inherited money — a legacy of twenty-five thousand dollars.” (pg. 98) He was a major part of Gatsby’s being by helping to forge various aspects of it.
Daisy Buchanan, Gatsby’s long love interest, was like a goddess to him. Almost everything Gatsby does later in his life is due to his feelings for her so she greatly impacted the path his journey took. They meet when Gatsby is in the military, is stationed at Camp Taylor, and there is a party with all of the soldiers at Daisy’s house. They get romantically involved and then come together more frequently. To Gatsby, “she was the first “nice” girl he had ever known. In various unrevealed capacities he had come in contact with such people, but always with indiscernible barbed wire between. He found her excitingly desirable.” (pg. 148) Since he fell so deeply in love with Daisy, Gatsby devotes the rest of his life to trying to be with her even after he is deployed again, making Daisy a love that transcends through his time.
Meeting with the Goddess
Gatsby’s later and only true desire was to be with Daisy. Daisy symbolized everything that was perfect to him, making her his goddess when they first met. Gatsby going and devoting the rest of his life to getting back together showed how deep his love was, which ended up being his downfall. Daisy goes from being the “goddess” to being the “temptress” as she changes herself and causes Gatsby to fall for, and follow someone that isn’t the girl he knew. His intended path is altered since she became a new person that eventually leaves him, even when he indirectly dies at her hand. She leads him on for a while as they start to make up for lost time and then ends up cutting it all of later. Even when Gatsby died, "she and Tom had gone away early that afternoon, and taken baggage with them." (pg. 164)
Woman as the Temptress
Rescue from Without
Nick Carraway was one of Gatsby’s newest and only best friends and was a figure that was like a metaphorical savior or rescuer for him. Nick came from the “distant” land of Chicago and happens to befriend Gatsby as someone that later becomes a changing force in Jay’s life. Even before Nick arrives in West Egg when, "after various delays[he] came east, permanently, [he] thought, in the spring of twenty-two," (pg. 3) Gatsby had basically already sold his soul to the devil, also known as Meyer Wolfsheim, and worked in the worst kinds of business in the most awful company. Nick gave Gatsby a feeling of companionship which he doesn’t really have due to his elusiveness and rumors that circulate about him. The rescuing that Nick did for Gatsby was not necessarily physical, but he served as a psychological helper that tried to assist him in his relationship too.
Atticus’ beginning to his heroic journey was when he made the decision to accept the court case where he defends a black man named Tom Robinson due to rape. Atticus is an even-keeled man and has a very righteous mind set when it comes to good morals. Despite the fact that he was directly asked to take the case when “John Taylor pointed at [him] and said, ‘You’re It.’” (pg. 100), he decided to accept it because of what he believes is right which, in this case, is that Tom is innocent and that he should be supported regardless of his skin color. When Atticus was called to this adventure that was bound to be objected to and opposed, he had to take the opportunity to stand up for his ethics.
Call to Adventure
The call to adventure for Atticus (the court trial) wasn't turned down because he knew how important it was. He has a very considerate personality and thinks mostly of his family. As he later starts to question the assignment, the only reason for even considering to refuse the call is because of him thinking of the others and the impact it could have on them. Atticus ends up going through with it is because he “hope[s] and pray[s] [he] can get Jem and Scout through it without bitterness, and most of all, without catching Maycomb’s usual disease…,” and “that Jem and Scout come to [him] for their answers instead of listening to the town.” (pg. 100) Although this call isn’t ultimately rejected, it is questioned by Atticus in order to keep the children innocent and safe, while keeping their best interests in mind.
Refusal of the Call
Calpurnia - the maid that tends the Finch household, prepares meals, takes care of the children, and serves as a mother to them all – is a major companion and helper to Atticus on his journey. Even though she’s black, Atticus doesn’t care since he holds no prejudice to people that are different than himself. She plays an integral part in keeping things in order as Atticus has to go about his job that can be time consuming. To Jem and Scout, he isn’t a “typical” father because "Atticus was feeble: he was nearly fifty, and didn't "do anything that could possibly arouse the admiration of anyone." (pg. 102) Calpurnia is like the mother the children don’t have, and the constant caregiver Atticus isn’t. She can also serve as a symbol and bridge between the world of the whites and blacks. Even though she’s black, she is welcomed as part of the Finch household/family which tells a lot about the Finches and how it should be in society. Calpurnia being around teaches the kids that the black people are to respected like whites as they do with her.
Atticus’s whole journey leading up to the actual trial of Tom Robinson, the event that Atticus has been preparing for in order to defend Tom and his morals, as well as the final day, was like one big struggle. His heretical ideals and stance on this rape case made him disliked in Maycomb, as well as a target for aggression by the people. The majority of the people just said that “now he’[d] turned out a nigger-lover [they’ll] never be able to walk the streets of Maycomb agin.” (pg. 87) Because of the fact that Atticus is standing up for a black man and is trying to prove him innocent, he is ridiculed since negroes are still mostly held beneath whites. Having to go through all of that judgement and suffer the hate by the community is quite a trial for mostly anyone because it tests their willpower. All of the work he put into the case and negativity Atticus went through didn’t impact him however because he taught Scout that he “[does his] best to love everybody… [He’s] hard put, sometimes—it’s never an insult to be called what somebody thinks is a bad name. It just shows you how poor that person is, it doesn’t hurt you.” (pg. 124)
The Road of Trials
The case of Tom Robinson was one of Atticus’s biggest and most important cases to him, despite the fact that he knew he would lose. He took it because he is a virtuous person and knows that if he doesn’t advocate for Robinson then no one would, and that it isn’t fair blacks are treated the way they are. Atticus didn’t win over the jury and Tom ends up being convicted then executed. This event, a point where Atticus actually loses not only the trial but also a man’s life, marks another threshold for Atticus on his journey because he has to endure that failure and live his life differently having to know what happened. Going from the beginning of his journey of him accepting the adventure call to the end has been the road of trials on his adventure. After doing all he could, he “walked quickly down the middle aisle toward the south exit...”as he made his way to the door. He did not look up.” (pg. 241) The door was the passage to everything that happens after the case is let out. The return to an almost normal life once Atticus’s work is done is the threshold.
The Crossing of the Return Threshold
Atticus Finch is very wise and lives an educated life. Due to this, he isn’t oblivious to the prejudice that goes on around him, or the narrow-mindedness of the other people. The circumstances leading up to the trial and afterwards made him focus on that and usually only that. Although the result of the Tom Robinson case did not end up with the optimal outcome, Atticus came out of the experience with the knowledge that he had done all he could and performed righteously. Life started to return to normal with his family, work, and daily life, so he went back to living with more maturity from it all. That will always be a part of his past that keeps him going in the future. It’s as if he were free and nothing had happened like in the instance when “Atticus was in Jem’s room, sitting by his bed. He was reading a book.” (pg. 321)
Freedom to Live
by F. Scott Fitzgerald
by Harper Lee
Harry was the “chosen one” since he was just a baby, but never knew that he had magic in him because he lived with his Muggle family: the Dursleys. His call for him to embark on his journey began when Hagrid, the keeper of the keys at Hogwarts, came on his birthday to give him a letter inviting him to go to Hogwarts. Harry was actually “called” to his adventure directly and it enrolled him in a school of adventure. Since he had no prior knowledge of being a wizard before that point, his journey is going and now accepting the role to learn magic. From Hagric, Harry "stretched out his hand at last to take the yellowish envelope,addressed in emerald green to Mr. H. Potter." (1: pg. 39)
Call to Adventure
Diagon Alley is the first jumping off point for Harry on his heroic journey. It marks the place where he begins to gather everything he needs to prepare for it all. There is no major battle that goes on at this point, but he makes the transition from the normal Muggle world to the magical world. They got there when they traveled to a certain spot and Hagrid “tapped the wall three times with the point of his umbrella. The brick he had touched quivered -- it wriggled -- in the middle, a small hole appeared -- it grew wider and wider -- a second later they were facing an archway large enough even for Hagrid, an archway onto a cobbled street that twisted and turned out of sight.” (1: pg. 71) When Harry stepped past the wall he was entering the world of his new life.
The Crossing of the First Threshold
by J. K. Rowling
Going from being only a rich man that everyone knows to throw extravagant parties, to someone with a friend changes Gatsby's character from his original self. Never actually leaving New York, Gatsby still had returned back to a mental state of something that reminded him of home in the past which was him being with Daisy, and having a relationship in front of them. The significant part where Jay goes for a swim and goes into the pool is like the threshold of him being entering a limbo as he waits for the call from her. This tragic part is where he ends up dying, she never calls him, and Gatsby dies on his way back "home." as "Gatsby himself didn't believe it would come." (pg. 164)
The Crossing of the Return Threshold
More was endured throughout Harry's life and career as a training wizard than most ever did before him. The whole time he became a wizard was all comprised of some difficult challenges that had to be faced. These trials are what most people consider to be trials: physical and mental battles that were fought. Having to make it through those things put Harry in the position he's ultimately in and it just makes him stronger. These trials happen sequentially throughout the plot of the series and build up to the final, most significant one, like a road to the destination.
The Road of Trials
There are many transformative and important women in the whole series, but one that plays such a great role throughout is Hermione Granger. The meeting of them two on the train was the beginning of a friendship. She began by telling him and Ron about how [she'd] learned all [their] course books by heart, of course." (1: pg. 84) Hermione is one of the smartest people in every aspect, so as they become close, she helps in many ways as she gets Harry and Ron out of many sticky situations. She is the goddess that is more of an ally to get through everything that he goes through on his journey.
Meeting with the Goddess
The final battle leads to some outstanding results when Harry actually ends up “dying.” Since, with the 3 Deathly Hollows he came back to life, he first was in a limbo space within his own mind. Here he was at the train station King's Cross with the deceased Albus Dumbledore. Dumbledore gave Harry advice about what to do and help him consider whether or not he should go back to the land of the living. Albus was the aid in this special kind of magical flight which made Harry get resurrected and come back to life with more energy and elixir to continue fighting the battle with Voldemort where, "by returning, [he] may ensure that fewer souls are maimed, fewer families are torn apart." (7: pg. 609)
The Magical Flight
Despite being a major hero, Harry didn't continue to have a big part in the wizarding world. Later on he starts a family and gets to feel what it's like to have that part of life with him. Harry had the experience of being in the Muggle world and magical world as he builds on that to write the new chapter in the 2nd world with his new family. Even his kids could continue their father's legacy "as The five Potters approached the barrier," (pg. 364) to start their journey.
Master of Two World