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Nature Vs Nurture
Transcript of Nature Vs Nurture
Do you believe nature or nurture is more influential in the development of a child?
The importance of knowing Nature vs. nurture in childcare/schools
To understand different families environments and interactions
To gain insight into why children behave/act in certain ways
Can provide some judgment if it is genes or the environment in each the child lives that determines their personality, appearance, behaviour etc.
To gain an understanding of a child’s behavioral pattern e.g. school yard bullying, constant absence from school
Can help to understand the family structure in which children live e.g. single parent homes, foster care, adoptive families etc.
Our job as educators involves caring and teaching children. Since nurture effects children we need to be aware of how our care is impacting upon the children
1. Mr. Firkin is a shy and reserved person who often feels tense and nervous. In therapy, he recalled that he had an unhappy childhood, feeling that he did not receive enough attention from his mother and resenting the conservative family discipline and life style enforced by his father. He blames both parent for his current anxiety, unhappiness, and loneliness.
Vincent is the eight child in a family of ten children. His biological father fathered him and two other girls in his family. The rest of the children have been fathered by various other men. His mother is raising all ten children on her own. The family lives on the other side of town or in “ the ghettos”. They have a three-bedroom house, with no indoor plumbing and only two beds. Most of the children sleep on the floor. Vincent is known to be a bully who throws rocks at cars and other children’s heads. He has also beat up his girl cousin with a baseball bat. He has aimed loaded guns at people. His mother beats and whips him regularly, trying to stop his negative behaviour.
3. Drew was born into a showbusiness dynasty: her grandfather John Barrymore was a legendary actor; her great-aunt Ethel was an actress; her great-uncle Lionel was a leading light in theatre and cinema, and Drew’s father John Barrymore was an actor – and an alcoholic. He abandoned the family soon after his daughter was born, and died in 2004. Drew’s mother Jaid was a struggling actress who regularly took her daughter clubbing in her early teens.
At six years old, Drew became the most popular child actress since Shirley Temple, when Steven Spielberg – her godfather – cast her as the adorable Gertie in his 1982 classic ET. But behind the mischievous smile was a deeply troubled child. ‘I grew up under the microscope,’ she says. The family breadwinner throughout her childhood, she was drinking alcohol and smoking
pot at nine. Aged 13 she had a stint in rehab; at 14 she attempted suicide. The following year, the actress was granted legal emancipation from her parents.
4. Theodore "Ted" Bundy started life as his mother's secret shame. Eleanor Cowell was twenty-two years old and unmarried when she had her son Theodore, which scandalized her deeply religious parents. She delivered the child at a home for unwed mothers in Vermont and later brought her son to her parents in Philadelphia. To hide the fact he was an illegitimate child, Bundy was raised as the adopted son of his grandparents and was told that his mother was his sister. Eleanor moved with Ted to Tacoma, Washington, a few years later. In 1951, she married Johnnie Bundy and the couple had several children together. From all appearances, Bundy grew up in a content, working-class family.
Bundy showed an unusual interest in the macabre at an early age. Around the age of 3, he became fascinated by knives. Bundy was a shy, but bright child who did well in school, but not with his peers. As a teenager, a darker side of his character started to emerge. Bundy liked to peer in other people's windows and thought nothing of stealing things he wanted from other people
* Nature: inherited/ genetic
* Characteristics of human species are a product of evolution and individual differences due to individual genetic code
* Pro nature= nativists
* Nature: evolutionary factors that have shaped the genetics we have inherited from parents and ancestors
* Nature- determines range of human potential
* Those who emphasise maturational factors- have more child centred approach- parents are guided by child’s readiness to master new things rather than pushing them to develop new skills
* Nurture: environmental influences after conception i.e. experience
* Pro nurture= environmentalists/ empiricists
* Environmentalists believe that at birth the human mind is tabula rasa (blank state) that is gradually filled as result of experience
* Behavioural differences that occur- due to result of learning
* How you are brought up (nurture) governs psychological aspects of development
* Differences in intellectual ability- product of social inequalities in access to materials and opportunities
* Nurture: all things that have influenced us since we began to develop
* Nurture- affects ways our human potential is actualized, being helped or hindered by good or bad environmental inputs
* Way we treat children
* Those who stress environmental factors- have more directive approach to child rearing
Nature Vs. Nurture
* Extent to which particular aspects of behaviour are product of either inherited (genetic) or acquired (learned) characteristics
* Nature/ nurture debate- to what extent is development influenced by nature (inheritance) and by nurture (environmental experiences)?
* Genetics and environmental factors contribute to behavioural development
* Different theories place different emphasis on each
* Some researchers and behaviourists almost discount maturational factors while others emphasise them and almost exclude environmental factors
* Modern developmental psychologists- recognise both nature and nurture as significant contributors to behavioural characteristics (interactionist approach)
By Katelyn Gorry