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Mind Map

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Krista Franklin

on 28 April 2015

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Transcript of Mind Map

Mind Map
Krista Franklin
Brain Rules by John Medina
"The brain appears to be designed to (1) solve problems (2) related to surviving (3) in an unstable outdoor environment, and (4) to do so in nearly constant motion." (Medina 15)
Sensory Integration
Humans evolved their brains
Exercise improves cognitive performance and cardiovascular fitness
Exercise increases blood volume in the dentate gyrus which is involved in memory formation
Naps reboot our brains giving us a boost in cognitive performance
People are either larks, owl, or hummingbirds with their sleep cycles: each different but getting the sleep they need
Lack of sleep hurts memory, attention, mood, logical reasoning, quantitative skills, math knowledge, and motor skills
Stress differs for people
Three part definition for stress: (1) measurable physiological response (2) desire to avoid the situation (3) loss of control
Little stress boosts cardiovascular, memory, and problem solving performance
Too much stress causes lower brain performance; ex. kids with stressful home lives perform lower in class
Learning even simple information physically alters the structure of neurons (they swell, sway, and split to form new connections)
Wiring is different for each person
Experience independent wiring: basic survival functions
Experience expectant wiring is visual learning and language acquisition
Experience dependent wiring is triggered by external experiences
Memory and interests influence what we decide to pay attention to
Arousal/Alerting Network is when the brain detects something unusual in your environment
Orienting Network is when we react to the unusual; we gain more information about the stimulus so we can know how to react
Executive Network is what controls the actual action taken to react
Brains cannot multitask
Declarative memory process: encoding, storing, retrieving, and forgetting
Nondeclarative memory: motor skill memory
Elaborate encoding makes it easier for us to recall the information
Replicating the conditions of a situation helps us remember details or information
Short term/working memory is a collection of temporary memories or new information
Long term memory stick with us and is strengthened over time
Forgetting info/memories helps us prioritize
Our senses work together to make sense of what is going on around us: each sense takes in something different such as sound or sight and our brain combines them into one experience
The brain senses what is going on around it, encodes this information to route it to different parts of the brain, where the brain then perceives the information
People perceive things differently based on previous experiences
Stimulating multiple senses increases their capability to sense stimuli and enhances learning
Visual processing dominates our perception of the world around us- even over touch
Our brain fills in blind spots (hallucinations)
The brain takes the two images from our two eyes to create one image for us
Sight assists recognition memory by allowing us to recall events but maybe not the specific details
Visuals help us learn better than our other senses
Students who partake in music lessons have a boost in their vocabulary and nonverbal reasoning skills
Prosocial skills acquired in musical groups help a person's social ability in life
Listening to music that you enjoy boosts your mood from: dopamine, cortisol, and oxytocin
Structural differences in the brain for male and females include: the frontal and prefrontal cortex size, the limbic system size, serotonin synthesizing rate
Females have a backup X chromosome
Women use both hemispheres when speaking and processing verbal information while men use one hemisphere
Humans (including babies) have a desire to understand the world around them
Babies are constantly learning and acquiring knowledge from the world around them
Noticing and imitating behaviors is one way our brain learns
Curiosity leads to learning and understanding
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