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Japanese Crane

The animal that I'm doing is the Japanese Crane.
by

Amy Chan

on 15 February 2011

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Transcript of Japanese Crane

Japanese Crane The Japanese Crane also known as The Red-crowned Crane. The Red-crowned Crane is a wonderful animal. It's pure white with a black neck and a red spot on top of its head. It stands about 1.5 meters tall and its wingspan is 2.5 meters. The population of the Red-crowned Crane is somewhere around 1,500 in the wild and 700 in zoos all across the world. The Red-crowned Crane is also an interesting animal. One thing that makes them interesting is that they dance in a beautiful way. The dance is mostly them prancing on their stiff-leg around each other, alternately bowing and stretching with their wings half extended. Also they punctuate the dance by leaping high into the air with their legs dangling loosely beneath them. The Red-crowned Crane lives in wet areas. Some areas they live in are open marshes, bogs, wet meadows, swamps, riverbanks and rice fields. They way that they get food is by going to swamps. The Red-crowned Crane is a migratory, which means that they eat various types of food. Some of the food that they eat is insects, aquatic invertebrates, fish, amphibians and small rodents. They also eat waste grains and other plant material from the rice fields. The Japanese Crane is a monogamous which means that once they are mated they stay together, until one of them dies and gets replaced. Both of the female and male make the nest. The female lays two large brown egss. They're spotted with a darker shades of brown. The eggs are hatched at the same time but one surves. When the eggs are hatched, the female is more involved with the domestice affairs while the male is more involved with the male is responsible for defense. When the baby is born their fur is a light brown, and once they get older it starts turning into white. Also both of the parents share in the 29-34 day incubation. The Japanese Crane is a very hard animal to catch by their predator. Some of the reason is because they go into rivers or streams that have deeper water at night. Another way is that they dance for courting and other communication between each other. The Red-crowned Crane is a very smart bird when it comes to protecting themselves from predators. Some of the reason is because they have really good eyesight, which makes them able to spot intruders ad potential hazards from hundreds of meters away. Another way is by their height. Some of the predators are scared of them because how big they are. But some of them aren't scared and would chase them. They would most likely not catch them because of their fast speed. Another way to protect them is by using their bills. It's really sharp and point making it very useful to attack. There are a lot of ways that the Japanese Crane gets their food. One of the ways is by using their bills to catch food since it's really pointy. They also use their bills for bailing nests for their young. They also fly to place to place to get to their habitat. References:
http://nationalzoo.si.edu/Animals/Birds/Facts/FactSheets/fact-redcrowncrane.cfm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red-crowned_Crane

http://www.whozoo.org/Anlife2001/bricplem/BP_redcrownedcrane.html

http://imagecache5.art.com/p/LRG/34/3406/PEC9F00Z/a-japanese-or-red-crowned-crane-scratches-its-head.jpg

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a7/Red-crowned_Crane_head.jpg

http://www.lotout.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/red-crowned-crane-pair.jpg

http://imagecache5.art.com/p/LRG/34/3480/KP36F00Z/a-japanese-or-red-crowned-crane-preens-its-feathers.jpg

http://imagecache5.art.com/p/LRG/34/3460/OTLHF00Z/a-japanese-or-red-crowned-crane-scratches-its-head.jpg

http://www.google.ca/imgres?imgurl=http://www.papiliophotos.com/SearchImages/P-BIR170-108.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.photographersdirect.com/buyers/stockphoto.asp%3Fimageid%3D785432&usg=__08Rcp2qDWl1wc-2vpPupiqD3vgE=&h=330&w=500&sz=22&hl=en&start=201&zoom=0&tbnid=p9LdFAvuBvh20M:&tbnh=86&tbnw=130&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dthe%2Bred-crowned%2Bcrane%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26biw%3D1678%26bih%3D842%26gbv%3D2%26tbs%3Disch:10%2C4544&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=321&ei=-JgLTcLDLoW2sAOlgf2zCg&oei=9JgLTdrAJoKusAP878iICg&esq=3&page=7&ndsp=31&ved=1t:429,r:23,s:201&tx=102&ty=59&biw=1678&bih=842

http://www.natureartists.com/art/resized/1099_Tanchou_Mandala-Hokkaido-adj-3.jpg

http://www.google.ca/imgres?imgurl=http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3615/3379332418_4737dfb274.jpg&imgrefurl=http://flickriver.com/photos/merigan/tags/birdwatcher/&usg=__H350zEOih4j72iCgyb390pPClsQ=&h=500&w=426&sz=122&hl=en&start=46&zoom=1&tbnid=Ekf8OgBlhyFoOM:&tbnh=165&tbnw=149&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dthe%2Bred-crowned%2Bcrane%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26biw%3D1678%26bih%3D842%26gbv%3D2%26tbs%3Disch:10%2C501&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=353&ei=QJkLTbPNKYWasAOGlZWbCg&oei=9JgLTdrAJoKusAP878iICg&esq=10&page=2&ndsp=32&ved=1t:429,r:12,s:46&tx=48&ty=93&biw=1678&bih=842

http://eyestochina.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2008/09/3909571.jpg

http://www.arkive.org/japanese-crane/grus-japonensis/#text=Threats

http://www.ci.manhattan.ks.us/DocumentView.aspx?DID=1371

http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/143784/0

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grus_canadensis

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grus_americana

http://www.nationalparkstraveler.com/files/storyphotos/Sandhill_Crane.jpg?0

http://www.nps.gov/band/naturescience/images/sandhill_crane.jpg

http://animal.discovery.com/guides/endangered/birds/gallery/whooping_crane.jpg

http://www.fws.gov/northflorida/WhoopingCrane/Crane-Images/flying-wc.jpg

http://www.nature-photography.co.uk/Images/Japanese%20crane%205001.jpg

http://www.nemuro-foottourism.com/images/routes/hattaushi/tancho.jpg

http://lala-live2-e.cocolog-nifty.com/blog/images/2008/03/20/oguro20080306.jpg

http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3359/3204763010_0588f99d77_z.jpg?zz=1 By: Amy
9-19 Scientific name:
The scientific name for The Japanese Crane is Grus japonensis. Two Closely Related Species One closely related specie of The Red-crowned crane, is the Sandhill crane. The scientific name for this crane is the Grus canadensis. This crane is rated least concered in the Conservation status. The Sandhill cranes forhead is red, their cheeks are white and they have a long bill that's dark. While they're flying, their dark long legs trail behind them while their neck is straight. Also for this crane the male and female look the same. Another closely related specie is the Whooping Crane. The scientific name for it is called the Grus Americana. It's rated endangered in the Conservation status. This crane is pure white but on the top of its head it has a red crown. It also has a dark long pointed bill. For the ones that immature they're a pale brown. Just like the Sandhill crane, when the Whooping crane flys their necks are straight and their long legs trail back. Broad or Narrow Niche The Japanese Crane is a narrow niche because it's a type of bird. It can only live in warm weather. When it gets cold they would fly to another place that is warmer. Another reason that states it's a narrow niche is that it eats certain kinds of food such as small insects. Why it's endangered The reason why the Red-crowned Crane is endangered is because, in the early 20th century they were hunted for their stunning plumage. Another reason why they're endangered is because they're also losing their homes because building are getting put up. What would happen to other species: If the Red-crowned Crane was extinct it would affect the animals that eat them. The animals that eat them are large carnivores. If they got extinct the large carnivores would have one less animal for them to eat and hunt, making them not having much to eat and then they might die. When they die it could start a chain reaction and other animals that eat them wouldn't have food either. Living in the Zoo There are some Japanese Cranes that live in the zoo. They put them in a nice warm place for them making sure that they have food, water and that they're healthy. The difference between living in the Zoo and the wild is that they don't get enough space to be free. If they're kept in the Zoo they get to fly around but not as much if they lived in the wild were they belong. Another difference is that if they live in the wild they would hunt for their food while in the Zoo they would just give it to them. Also in the wild they would have to watch out for their predators while in the Zoo they don't have to worry about getting eaten, or having their babies in danger.
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