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Evaluating the Docs

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Nicole Hall

on 8 May 2014

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Transcript of Evaluating the Docs

Lab 2 Digestive By Products and BMI Analysis
Lab 3-Blood Smears
Lab 1, Urinalysis
To see which female patient was giving off the hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)

- Reproductive

How was it done?
We had two samples of the females urine and we used test strips to see if they turned blue, and if it turned blue the patient was pregnant.

To test the patients' blood for pathogens and genetic disorders

To test the by-products of the digestive systems of the patients by testing for glucose, protein, and starch
To take the patients' Body Mass Index (BMI)
The goal of this project was to run tests to figure out which patient had which condition. In order to pass medical school we had to learn about each of the four conditions.

Sickle Cell
(Circulatory System)- It is hereditary, it changes the shape of red blood cells and makes them appear to be moon-shaped.
(Immune System)- A virus contracted through sexual contact, mother to child, needles, and within healthcare settings. It attacks the T-cells and has no known cure
(Reproductive System)- Action of fertilizing and egg involving diffusion of male and female gametes and zygotes.
(Digestive System)- Metabolic disease where the body cannot produce the right amount of insulin which causes more glucose in the blood. Insulin is made within the pancreas.
To see how much oxygen their lungs can hold.

Respiratory System

How was it done?

We were given results of how much oxygen each patient could inhale and then calculated if it was a healthy volume compared to their height weight and sex.

To test if the urine contained protein or sugar.
Excretory system
How was it done?

test tubes containing urine samples from each patient.
Sugar test?

Add six ml of Benedict's solution to one test tube of each of the four patients samples. Place the urine sample combined with the solution into a hot water bath for five minutes.
Protein test?
Add two ml of biuret reagent into the remaining test tubes of the urine samples.
If the urine samples that were heated turned orange there was sugar present. If the urine samples that were not heated turned purple there was protein present.
By: Nicole Hall
Alex Metz
Crystal Rose
Feat: Beyonce
Lebron James
Evaluating the Docs
Indication of Results
: When protein is present in the urine, it could indicate diabetes or kidney damage.
: When sugar is present in urine, it could indicate diabetes because there is not enough insulin to help sugar get into the blood.
Digestive System
Lab 5, Lung Capacity
What does this indicate?
These results showed that because of each of the four patients condition their lung capacity was below normal.
Lab 6, Hormone Test
What do these results
The results indicated if a patient was pregnant or not.
Only two patients had by-products from their digestive system to test, and each patient had three test tubes for these by-products.
Sugar Test:
We added 6mL of Benedict's solution to one test tube of each patient and placed the test tubes in boiling water for approximately 5 minutes.
If the solution turned orange, sugar was present.
Patient Diagnosis
Why are you here? Dizzy spell, fainted, and vision is blurry
Medical History: Hypertension, Thyroid problem
One pregnancy and one abortion
No menstrual concerns
Does not use tobacco
One drink per week
Sexually active with males
Takes birth control: Pill
No previous STDs
Practices safe sex
Symptoms: Unexplained weight loss, Fatigue, Excessive thirst and urination, Change of vision, Difficulty breathing, Headaches, Dizziness, Numbness, Problems with sleep

Protein Test:
Original Hypothesis: Diabetes
Why? Two of her family members had diabetes and similar symptoms: excessive urination and thirst, blurred vision, fatigue,
We added 2mL of the biuret reagent for another test tube. These were not heated.
Diagnosis: Diabetes
Why are you here? Strange rash, chills, fever
One pack of cigarettes a day for three years
Three drinks a week
Sexually active with females
Previously had gonorrhea
Practices unsafe sex
Symptoms: Fever, Chills, Sweats, Unexplained weight loss, Fatigue, Change of vision, Nausea, Vomiting, Diarrhea, Discharge from the penis, Rash or mole change, Dizziness, Unexplained lumps

Protein was present if the solution turned purple.
Original Hypothesis: HIV
Why? Does not practice safe sex and has similar symptoms such as fevers. Also because HIV is an STD and he was also having symptoms dealing with the penis
Diagnosis: HIV
What could have caused her condition? Bad eating and exercising habits, as well as environmental factors.
Treatments/Cures- Exercise regularly, eating healthy, losing weight, not smoking, relaxing, and monitor blood glucose levels
Prognosis? Eye problems, feet and skin can develop sores and infections, make blood pressure and cholesterol hard to control, nerves can be damaged, kidney damage
What could have caused his condition? Having unprotected sex with multiple partners
Treatments/Cures- There is no cure. One antiretroviral pill every day suppresses the virus
Prognosis? Weakened immune system, yeast infections of the mouth or esophagus, rapid weight loss, memory loss
Nicole- I learned more about diabetes, HIV, pregnancy, and sickle cell anemia. I think that one of the biggest impacts this project had on me was the HIV Test lab. We go to see how fast STD's can really spread, and it made me realize how dangerous unprotected sex is. The best advice I could give to others is to practice safe sex!
Starch Test:
We added five drops of the Lugol's solution into the remaining tubes.
No heat was needed
If the solution turned black or purple, starch was present.
BMI Analysis:
It was used to look at the body mass of each patient using their height and weight.
By-product :
Glucose, starch, and protein were tested in the two patients with diarrhea and vomit to see if they were losing nutrients.
A high BMI number could indicate obesity and a risk to one's health.

Observed the shape of RBC in samples of blood from the patents (Normal or Sickle)
Used the chart to compare normal amounts of RBC and WBC
The blood smear's results indicated the normal or abnormalities in the blood of each patient.
This also indicated that a patient could have sickle cell disease because of their moon-shaped blood.
A viral infection may be present if there are not many white blood cells.
Lab 4-HIV Test
To test the patients for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
Immune System
We tested cup samples of semen and vaginal fluid from the patients using a drop of phenolphthalein.
If the sample turned pink, the patient had HIV.
Class Experiment
For a class experiment, we all got cups filled with water except one that contained HIV to see how fast HIV can spread with unprotected sex.

We all mixed our cups with five different people, and the whole class got HIV.

We did it a second time and only mixed cups with two people, and three people out of 12 got HIV.
Crystal- I learned about the conditions each patient had and the tests that are done to put the pieces together. These are conditions that people experience everyday. I was most surprised at how fast HIV was spread to the class during the one experiment. My advice to people is to take care of your body because you only get one.
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