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Cuban Missile Crisis
Transcript of Cuban Missile Crisis
Cuban Missile Crisis created and/or compiled by Trevor Rowe © There was always a history of American economic and political control in Cuba. There was a time when the U.S. controlled 90% of its mineral wealth, 80% of its utilities, and 40% of its sugar resources by 1945.
A corrupt leader ruled the island by the name of Fulgencio Batista until Fidel Castro sparked a socialist revolution in 1959. Cuban Missile Crisis created and/or compiled by Trevor Rowe © The Americans were worried about Castro altering U.S. interests in Cuba. However, Cuba was in an economic crisis. The economy was foreign owned, poverty was rampant and Castro decided to nationalize most U.S. owned business.
U.S. investors and the U.S. government were outraged. The Soviet Union, on the other hand, saw an opportunity to gain another socialist outpost very near American soil. Cuban Missile Crisis created and/or compiled by Trevor Rowe © Constant U.S. threats against Cuba after the nationalization of the Cuban economy served to drive Castro closer to the USSR. In 1961 Eisenhower cut diplomatic relations with Cuba.
The CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) attempted to overthrow Castro.
They trained an army of Cuban exiles to overthrow Castro. In 1961 (April 17) 1500 exiles landed on Cuban shores, it was located at the Bay of Pigs; however, Cuban soldiers quickly stopped the takeover. Cuban Missile Crisis created and/or compiled by Trevor Rowe © The Bay of Pigs incident was humiliating for the U.S. and President Kennedy.
Ties between Cuba and the USSR became stronger.
It was at this point that Soviet weapons were sent to Cuba to defend it against any further attempt by the U.S. to invade and overthrow Castro.
However, it turned out that these were not just ordinary weapons.
U.S. spy planes took pictures of missile sites that were being built in Cuba that could launch Nuclear Missiles. created and/or compiled by Trevor Rowe © created and/or compiled by Trevor Rowe © The result was a U.S. naval blockade of Cuba. No ships were permitted in or out of Cuba. Tensions between the U.S. and USSR became very tense.
The USSR claimed that this was a sort of blackmail by the U.S. and if a war started, they would retaliate with nuclear missiles.
However, the nuclear launch sites in Cuba were not completed and posed no real threat to the U.S. So, if a war did start, it would have to be fought with the U.S. on Cuban soil. created and/or compiled by Trevor Rowe © Missile Threat created and/or compiled by Trevor Rowe © John F. Kennedy – What to do? created and/or compiled by Trevor Rowe © Robert Kennedy presented an ultimatum to the USSR on October 27: Remove the missiles from Cuba or the U.S. would remove them by force.
After a very tense period an agreement was reached. The U.S. agreed that if the Soviet missiles were removed from Cuba they would not invade Cuba and they would remove U.S. nuclear missiles that were stationed in Turkey.
Khrushchev (New Leader of USSR, Stalin has died), wrote to president Kennedy to negotiate a settlement to the dispute. It was agreed that each side would rather withdraw with honour and the missiles of each country was removed. Cuban Missile Crisis created and/or compiled by Trevor Rowe © The results of this crisis was a heightened suspicion between the two countries, it showed the dangers of courting with catastrophe. It highlighted the need for closer international communication between the U.S. and the USSR. A hotline was established between the leaders of the two countries. In the end, human reason won. Results