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The Roaring Twenties and 1930's Great Depression Timeline

Timeline of some major Canadian events during the 1920's and 1930's.

evan marshall

on 24 May 2013

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Transcript of The Roaring Twenties and 1930's Great Depression Timeline

William Lyon Mackenzie King was an extremely successful Liberal political leader in Canada. He holds the record for the longest time in office as Prime Minister: 21 years. He served as Prime Minister for most of the 1920's and again in the 1930's. The Halibut Treaty was another step towards Canada's growing autonomy. Previously, Britain had signed all of Canada's treaties and agreements. The Halibut Treaty was the first agreement that Canada signed (with the US, after much debate with Britain) on its own. This gave Canada the right to sign treaties with foreign countries on its own, another step towards full autonomy. 1920 1920: Arthur Meighen
became Canada's ninth
Prime Minister In July 1920, Arthur Meighen was sworn in as the ninth Prime Minister of Canada. He was the head of the Conservative party, and he took over from Sir Robert Borden. His term only lasted one year in 1920, but he became Prime Minister once again for less than a year in 1926. 1921: William Lyon
Mackenzie King
became Canada's tenth
Prime Minister 1922: The Chanak Affair The Chanak Affair in 1922 was one of the first steps to Canada's growing autonomy. Britain had requested Canada's support in the event of war against Turkey at Chanak, but Canada declined proving that Canada was becoming more isolationist and independent. 1923: The Chinese Exclusion Act 1923: The Halibut Treaty After WW1, many Canadians resented and became suspicious and bitter of non-British foreigners. Many expressed xenophobia (intense dislike of foreigners), and this was evident in the Chinese Exclusion Act. This act banned all Chinese immigrants with the exception of students, merchants and diplomats. This act lasted 24 years, and during that time, only eight Chinese were allowed into Canada. 1924: Oil in Alberta When the automobile demand increased, so did the oil and gas for Canada. In October 1924, an oil well in Alberta was discovered, and it eventually produced a million barrels of oil, large amounts of natural gas, and not only did it make a lot of money, but it boosted the economy in Alberta. 1926: The King-Byng Crisis
and the Balfour Report In 1926, two more events occurred that helped Canada gain full autonomy: The King-Byng affair and the Balfour Report. Prime Minister Mackenzie King wanted to hold another election, but Governor-General Julian Byng refused his request. Typically, Governor-Generals are supposed to accept requests of the Prime Minister, but this was not the case. It was the first time a Governor-General refused the Prime Minister, and as a result of this, Prime Minsister Mackenzie King had to redefine the roles of the Governor-General in Canada. The King-Byng Crisis 1925 The Balfour Report At the Imperial Conference, Prime Minister King wanted to discuss Britain's power over its dominions, with the intention of making our own decisions without British interference. King's efforts were successful, and all of Britain's previous nations became independent and self-governing, no longer part of the "British Empire". They remained in the "Commonwealth of Nations", showing their allegiance with Britain. This also affected the duties of the Governor-General of Canada, and it provided Canada with nearly full autonomy. Commonwealth of Nations Flag 1927: "Talkies" Films 1927: New Foreign Embassies
and Pension Act In 1927, Canada opened its first own embassy in the United States, followed by France and Belgium. In 1927, Canada passed the Pension Act, granting Canadians who were over the age of 70 conditional financial support. In 1927, "Talkies" were introduced. Previously, the market was full of silent films, but it wasn't until 1927 when movies where people spoke were developed. This signified the progression and development in the entertainment industry. October 29, 1929: Stock Market
Crash People bought to much stock on credit.
The idea of credit was "Buy Now Pay Later".
The value of stocks dropped and investors
and within a few hours, investors lost millions. 1931 Statue Of Westminister: On December 11th, Britain passed the "Statue of Westminister" which made Canada a completely self-governing nation. 1933: The New Deal A series of economic programs to help Canada's
economic crisis.
These were their solutions to the Great Depression. The three Rs were relief, recovery and reform. 1935: On-To-Ottawa Trek This was a movement of unemployed
men who were protesting about the poor conditions in federal relief camps in scattered area in western Canada. These men lived and worked in camps for twenty cents a day, before going on strike in April 1935. 1939: World War 2 World War II was a global war that
lasted from 1939 to 1945. Canada
went straight into the war from the
Depression. Why were the 1920's known as the Roaring Twenties? The economy and social life was roaring in the major cities of the 1920's. Credit was invented, so items more expensive could now be easily afforded. More families owned cars, radios, refrigerators, etc. sending the economy soaring. The stock market also played a huge role in the wealthiness of families. That's why when the stock market crashed, it left many families with no money. It was all placed in stocks, with hopes of getting richer. Why were the 1930's known as the Dirty Thirties? Because, following the "Roaring Twenties" the Stock
Markets crashed and Canada went into a slum.
This crash caused families to lose their jobs, cars,
and houses. Families spent thousands on the stock market and ended up losing it all. That is why this
time era is known as the "Dirty Thirties" By Evan Marshall
Full transcript