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American Imperialism

Open Door Policy and the Panama Canal
by

Eric Newcombe

on 2 November 2012

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Transcript of American Imperialism

American Imperialism Desire to Build Military Strength Thirst for new markets Belief in cultural superiority Three Reasons for American Imperialism Admiral Alfred T. Mahan
urged the government to build up the American naval power.
The United States built 9 steel hull cruisers between 1883 and 1890. U.S.S. Maine Massive industrialization during the late 19th century.
As a result, American farms and factories are able to produce far more than American citizens could consume.
Imperialists thought that foreign markets were the solution to this problem. Social Darwinism
A belief that free-market competition would lead to the survival of the fittest.
A belief in racial superiority of Anglo-Saxons.
Anglo-Saxons - people who have descended from northern Europe Manifest Destiny Hawaii Problems Importance Strategic military location
Economic importance
Specifically, because of sugar Sugar plantations thrive until......
McKinley Tariff of 1890
This causes a crisis for sugar planters
There is a big call for annexation King and Queen King Kalakaua Queen Liliuokalani Dies in 1891 after being strong armed by Hawaiian business men to amending the Hawaiian constitution to only allow voting rights to wealthy land owners. A "Hawaii for Hawaiians" leader who removed the amendment that the King passed. She is overthrown. Hawaii becomes a state in 1959 We got this state through American Imperialism War in the Philippines War in the Caribbean Spanish American War (1898) Causes American interest in imperialism.
Native Cubans struggle for independence from Spain.
Yellow Journalism
Explosion of the U.S.S. Maine. What Happens? George Dewey takes the Pacific fleet to Manila.
He crushes the Spanish fleet.
America takes the Philippines. Sanford B. Dole Begin with a blockade of Cuba.
Rough Riders Treaty of Paris Conditions Spain frees Cuba.
U.S. gets Guam and Puerto Rico for free.
U.S. pays Spain $20 million for the Philippines.
Annexation???? NOPE Invasion of Puerto Rico Battle at San Juan Hill Puerto Rico Cuba Philippines Foraker Act 1900
Ended military rule and set up civil governments.
Does the constitution apply to Puerto Rico?
They attain citizenship.
Strategic importance
Panama Canal Cuban Independence.... sort of.
Platt Amendment
Cuba could not make treaties that limits its independence.
U.S. reserves the right to intervene in Cuba.
No debt.
U.S. can buy or lease land for naval stations. Filipinos rebel
U.S. puts down the rebellion.
3 years
20,000 Filipinos die.
4,000 Americans die.
$400 million dollars
They get a gov't like Puerto Rico China France, Germany, Britain, Japan and Russia all had territories in China. Open Door Notes and the Boxer Rebellion Other nations must share their trading rights with the U.S. Thus, creating an open door. Chinese nationals fought the imperials.
Imperials, including the U.S. suppressed the rebellion Open Door Notes #2 1. Growth of the U.S. economy depends on exports.
2. U.S. has a right to intervene to keep foreign markets open.
3. Closing of an area to America is a threat to U.S. survival. Panama Canal Squabbles with France and Colombia Late 1800's France tried to build a canal at Panama.
They fail.
1903 the U.S. buys the canal route from France for $40 million dollars.
But, Panama is ruled by Colombia.
The U.S. supports and funds a rebellion.
Nov. 3, 1903 - Twelve warships present themselves at Panama.
15 days later, Panama and U.S. sign a treaty
U.S. will pay $10 million and $225,000 in rent for control of the canal zone. Constructing the Canal 1904 - Construction begins.
Many die from disease and accidents.
1913 43,000 workers are employed.
Costs $380 million
August 15, 1914 the canal opens
1,000 merchant ships in the first year.
Now, 14,702 ships per year.
Full transcript