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Transcript of Egypt
Pyramids of Giza
Pyramids, which were built mostly in the old and middle kingdoms, were made as tombs for pharaohs and smaller pyramids were built around them for whoever their consorts were.
Khufu was the father and had the biggest pyramid
Khafre was the son and had the 'snow cone top'
Menkaure was the grandson and had the smallest pyramid
Today we still don't know exactly how they were made but we have come up with many theories
The pyramids of Giza are the oldest of the seven wonders of the ancient world and are also the last standing out of those seven.
The pyramids were the tallest man made buildings for about 4,500 years. The Eiffel tower became the next tallest in 1889 A.D.
We know that the people building the pyramids were labor workers and not slaves.
2855 B.C -2532 B.C
2609 B.C - 2584 B.C
Smallest of the Pyramids of Giza
6th ruler of the 4th dynasty
His pyramid is only about 8% of the size that Khufu's pyramid is
His pyramid is made of mostly granite, on the north side where the enterance is, is made of fine granite.
He died before his pyramis ever got finished
Facts about the Pyramids
The three pyramids are perfectly aligned with the Constellation of Orion
the Egyptians would call the Pyramids "Ikhet" which means "glorious light" because of how the sun and moon would reflect off the limestone that used to be the outer layer but now most of it is gone.
the weight of the pyramid is about 5,955,000 tons
The swivel door was very easy to open from the inside but fit so well that it was hard to find from the outside
Some of the theories as to how they were built include levers, wood sleds and ropes to help pull the rocks into place and in the right location. One theory was said they made a ramp to move the bricks, they later then figured out the ramp would have been over a mile long. Scientist also believe that laborers made the pyramids and not slaves.
Was the first of the Pyramids of Giza
Son of king Sneferu and Hetepheres
His greek name was Cheops
Was said to have had 3 wives
He had 24 kids, 15 girls, 9 boys
The person in charge of the construction of the Great Pyramids, Hemiunu,was his nephew
Second pharaoh of the 4th dynasty
Son of Khufu
Builder of the second largest Pyramid of Giza and the great Sphinx
It is said that he was a very mean ruler
His Greek name was Chephren
His Pyramid was placed on higher ground so it would appear taller them his fathers
He married his sister Khamerernebti, Meresankh II, and two other queens
2494 B.C - 2472 B.C
How were the pyramids built?
Hieroglyphics means "sacred carvings. They are made up of about 600 signs, pictograms and symbols. The writing on many ancient Egyptian temples and were lost over time because no on knew how to read them. Thus, the "language" has changed and evolved over time
King Tut was nine years old when he became Pharaoh. He died around the age of 18 which only made him Pharaoh for nine years. The only thing left in King Tut's tomb when researcher Howard Carter discovered it was his solid gold face mask. It has been said that robbers took all the gold and other valuables that he as buried with. The tomb was located in the Valley of the Kings.