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COMPARISONS AND SUPERLATIVES

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by

Robert LLoyd

on 12 October 2016

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Transcript of COMPARISONS AND SUPERLATIVES

COMPARATIVES
AND
SUPERLATIVES

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN
COMPARATIVES
AND
SUPERLATIVES?
COMPARISONS AND SUPERLATIVES
Adjective comparisons
Noun Comparisons
QUALITY VERB COMPARISONS
As...as comparatives
WRITE COMPARISONS FOR THE BELOW
My brother is tall and I am too.
My brother is ....

My mother is fat and my brother is too. My mother is ....

My son is intelligent and my daughter is too.
My son is ....

John can't play guitar well but George can.
John ....

Abraham isn't funny but Prana is. Abraham is ....
COMPARATIVES
THERE ARE THREE TYPES OF BASIC COMPARATIVES
ADJECTIVES
NOUNS
VERBS
COMPARATIVES STRICTLY DEAL WITH
2 DIFFERENT
THINGS
SUPERLATIVES TALK ABOUT
ONE THING
IN RELATION TO A GROUP OF OTHER THINGS AND HOW
IT IS BEST OR WORST
BIG, PEACEFUL, RELAXED
PEOPLE, LAND, COAST, MONEY
MAKE CARS, SELL BANANAS,
GROW OLIVES.
With your partner make a adjective, noun and verb comparisons between.....
VERB
NOUN
ADJECTIVE
FOR EXAMPLE...
KITTENS...
SPIDERS...
ARE CUTER THAN SPIDERS
ARE SCARIER THAN SPIDERS
KITTEN...
HAVE MORE EARS THAN SPIDERS
SPIDERS ...
HAVE MORE LEGS THAN KITTENS
KITTENS....
EAT MORE THAN SPIDERS
SPIDERS...
KILL MORE PEOPLE THAN KITTENS
sub
SUB
+ COMP ADJ
+
THAN
+ OBJ
Big
Expensive
Silly
One Syllable Adjectives
Two Syllable Adjectives
Three Syllable Adjectives
BIGGER
THAN
SILLIER
THAN
MORE
EXPENSIVE
THAN
Think of 5 for
each group
SUB
+ HAVE / HAS
+
MORE
/
LESS
/
FEWER
+ NOUN (count/ NC)
This comparative form depends on the nouns used...
My father
MONEY
FREE TIME
+ THAN

+ OBJ
FRIENDS
me
has more
has more
has less
CARS
has fewer
THAN
NOW with your partner write 5 sentences comparing rich people and poor people with nouns....
Remember..... He has
They
HAVE


verb +
comp adjective+
THAN +
obj
Usain
runs
faster
than
Justin
sub+
MAKING
COMPARATIVE
ADJECTIVES
Small Adjectives
+ ER
THAN
Adjectives ending in Y
Remove the Y + IER
THAN
Adjectives ending

consonant
,
vowel
,
consonant

double the last consonant
THAN
Long Adjective (3 syllables)
MORE
(ADJECTIVE)
THAN
HAPPY
CRAZY
HAPPIER THAN
CRAZIER THAN
B
I
G
W
E
T

H
O
T
BIGGER
WETTER
HOTTER
INTELLIGENT
USEFUL
DECISIVE
MORE INTELLIGENT
MORE USEFUL
MORE DECISIVE
TALL
HIGH
SHORT
TALLER
HIGHER
SHORTER
TIME
BANANAS
COUNT
NON COUNT
MONEY
FRIENDS
HAVE MORE TIME

HAVE LESS TIME
HAVE MORE BANANAS

HAVE FEWER BANANAS
HAVE MORE MONEY

HAVE LESS MONEY
HAVE MORE FRIENDS

HAVE FEWER FRIENDS
Dolphins swim faster than turtles
Bamboo grows faster than oak
Comparatives with Verbs
Can be divided in to QUALITY and QUANTITY
Quantity is how much.
Quality is how good or bad.
Bill gates
makes
more
money than
me
Bill
works
harder
than i do
Quantity comparatives with verbs
sub +
verb +

more / less +
than obj
Usain bolt
Justin Bieber
runs
sings
more
more
than my teacher.
than my teacher.
With your partner find 3 activities they do more or more often than you and write them down.
With your partner find 3 activities they do better or worse than you and write them down.
Read the text and draw a picture of the two people described, then compare your pictures and answer the questions.
Ben and James are brothers. They are as big as each other but for different reasons, James isn't as strong as Ben and Ben isn't as fat as James. Also because they live in different countries with different weather Ben doesn't wear as many warm clothes as James. James doesn't sunbathe as much so he's not as tanned as Ben and he doesn't care about his appearance as much. Ben doesn't work as hard as James though...
+ BE
Are Ben and James the same size?

Who is more attractive Ben or James?
Who has the healthier life style?
YES
BEN
BEN
With your partner find the as...as comparisons with adjectives nouns and adverbs in the story...
The structure of as... as comparisons
They are as big as each other
sub +
be +
adjective
as +
as +
Obj
Do we use ER
or MORE?
NO!
Ben doesn't wear as many warm clothes as James
sub +
verb +
many
much NOUN
little

as +
as +
Obj
Ben doesn't work as hard as James
sub +
verb +
adverb
as +
as +
Obj
Do we use less or fewer?
NO!
AS ... AS comparatives.
REMEMBER!
I am as tall as my sister but she isn't as rich as I am...
The positive sentence means
The negative sentence means
THEY ARE THE SAME
THEY ARE DIFFERENT
Compare the two pictures with your partner using nouns adjectives and adverbs.
http:moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.tr/2008/09/assessing-comparatives.html
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