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Industrial Revolution Project

Air Conditioner
by

Emily Tiller

on 6 February 2013

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Transcript of Industrial Revolution Project

The Air Conditioner A Prezi By: Emily Tiller Why??? Have you ever wondered how exactly your Air conditioner works? This is how it works Fun Facts! Sources Timeline How did it help? Today The Original Concept Background on Willis The Inventor Willis Haviland Carrier Invented the first air conditioner in 1902. We know that the concept has been around since the 1800s when an inventor named Michael Faraday learned that you could cool down the air around you if you condensed and liquefied certain gasses in the air. But some experts say that it has been around since the Romans! Michael Faraday kind of set the bar in 1800s when he discovered that Ammonia could be compressed and liquidized could help in cooling the air. Later in 1902 a man by the name of Willis Haviland Carrier would act upon this concept to create the air conditioner. Willis was born on November 26, 1876 and was raised on a farm near the eastern shore of Lake Erie in Angola, New York. As a boy he was quiet and would mostly play games that he had made up himself. He went to Cornell University in Ithaca, N.Y. on a four-year scholarship, but he was forced to earn room and board money by mowing lawns, stoking furnaces, and, during his senior year, he formed a co-op student laundry. After graduating with a degree in mechanical engineering, he was hired by Buffalo Forge Company. This was a firm that designed and produced steam engines and pumps. This is Willis Haviland Carrier with the first air conditioner. Air conditioners in 1902 were used in factories, businesses to help keep the working conditions cooler for workers and the items they used to make their products. Later on they were even used in theaters! By World War II they had made their way into our homes and every day lives. The first air conditioning units were very large, very expensive, and somewhat dangerous because the ammonia that was used to cool the air was very toxic. Shortly after he built an industrial system for the printing plant, he designed air conditioners for offices, apartments, hotels, and hospitals. Today we all have air conditioners and we can thank the people along the way who helped develop the idea and the product. Without them how would we manage on those hot summer days? Just think we wouldn't even have a refrigerator or even a freezer with out it. Yes that also means no ice cream. I know that I at least am very thankful for Willis and his invention as well as for the people who originally developed the concept. 1820, British scientist and inventor Michael Faraday discovered that compressed ammonia could chill air when the liquefied ammonia was allowed to evaporate.
1881 - When President James Garfield was dying, engineers in the navy made a box-like structure containing clothes soaked with melted ice water. A fan blew outside air through the box and into his room. The contraption was able to lower the room temperature by 20 degrees Fahrenheit and consumed half a million pounds of ice in two months time.
1882 - Thanks to Thomas Edison makes it possible to have inexpensive energy.
1902 - Willis Carrier builds the first air conditioner.
1906 - Willis Carrier patents his invention calling it an "Apparatus for Treating Air."
1906 - Stuart W. Cramer creates the term "Air Conditioning."
1940 - Packard is the first car with 'factory air' as an option.
1953 - The Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute is formed by the Refrigeration Equipment Manufacturers Association and the Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Machinery Association.
1957 - The first rotary compressor was made, allowing units to be smaller, quieter, weigh less, this made them more efficient.
1977 - New technology allowed heat pumps to be operated at lower outdoor temperatures. 1. Air conditioning has helped improve your life expectancy because it allowed for advances in medical technology.
2. Air conditioning has also changed the way houses are built, high ceilings and large windows for maximum air flow.
3. The original concept of air conditioning was thought to have come from Ancient Rome.
4.The first air conditioners used toxic or flammable gases, like ammonia, methyl chloride, or propane, this could kill you if it leaked. Thomas Midgley, Jr. created the first non-flammable/toxic gas, Freon, in 1928.
5. Air Conditioning has altered where we choose to live. Before most people would live in the northeast because of temperature, but because of the air conditioner more people moved to places like California, Nevada, Texas, etc. http://www.youtube.com/watch/v=1MiQCBIx1mM
http://www.ideafinder.com/history/inventors/carrier.htm
http://www.asme.org/kb/news---articles/articles/technology-and-society/willis-haviland-carrier
http://airconditioning.umwblogs.org/invention/
http://www.american-inventor.com/willis-carrier.aspx
http://air-conditioners-and-heaters.com/willis_carrier.html
http://www.keepitcool.com/timeline.htm
http://aboutbobcasteel.com/fun-facts-about-you-probably-didnt-know-about-air-conditioners/
http://www.bornsteinsons.com/blog/bid/105037/A-Few-Interesting-Facts-about-Central-Air-Conditioning
http://shine.yahoo.com/work-money/9-surprisingly-cool-facts-you-never-knew-about-air-conditioning-2520593.html This is Michael Faraday This is Willis Haviland Carrier the inventor of the Air Conditioner. In 1902, a printing company from New York City came to Buffalo Forge Company with a problem: changes in heat and humidity in the paper plant affected the dimensions of the printing paper, resulting in the colored inks missing their mark. Instead of just controlling temperature, Carrier wanted to control humidity, so that the ink in the printing plant would not run on the paper. Instead of sending air through hot coils with steam to heat the air, he used cold water in the coils to cool it. Now he could control the humidity and temperature in the surrounding air. The low heat and humidity allowed for the ink to be properly aligned with the paper. How it works
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