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Literature and Nationalism
Transcript of Literature and Nationalism
"All justice dies, and fraud and lies live only in its shadow."
The poem was meant to unite the American people under the cause of abolishing slavery.
Whittier was an abolitionist poet, so uniting people under a common theme of anti-slavery ideas was something that Whittier believed in, and it eventually worked.
"Can ye not cry, 'Let slavery die!' and union find in freedom?"
Whittier wants to unite the people of the nation by using freedom for all as a basis for nationalism.
He believed that if the citizens were all equal and unified, then nationalistic ideals would follow and the nation could become strong. "Yorktown"
"Where's now the flag of that old war? Where flows its stripe? Where burns its star?"
Whittier wrote this to show that the unity of the country did not fully last after the revolutionary, or at least not in the degree that it had been before.
He wanted to preserve the unity that the nation still had left, and also boost nationalism by promoting Henry Wadsorth Longfellow Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) Led the Transcendentalist movement in 1830’s and 40’s and spoke on individualism and how religious and political parties (institutions) corrupt men. The way for a man to be at his best is when he is independent and self-reliant. Only then can a society grow. "Nature" is an essay that Emerson published anonymously in 1836, which talks about how man needs to get back to nature and go away from society. He says that we should appreciate nature and that the only real way to understand reality is through nature. "Nations have lost their old omnipotence; the patriotic tie does not hold. Nations are getting obsolete, we go and live where we will." As a result of Emerson's speech, "The American Scholar", Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr. commented on the speech, saying that it was America's "Intellectual Declaration of Independence". Emerson writes a speech, "The American Scholar"in response to his essay. “To go into solitude, a man needs to retire as much from his chamber as from society. I am not solitary whilst I read and write, though nobody is with me. But if a man would be alone, let him look at the stars”. Emerson speaks to every man on a common ground, and therefore making all men equal. In his speech, he talks about how all American writers and poets need to get away from old European ways and “experiment” and try to define themselves without European influence. Oliver Wendell Holmes "Old Ironsides" "Ay, tear her tattered ensign down!
Long has it waved on high,
And many an eye has danced to see
That banner in the sky;
Beneath it rung the battle shout,
And burst the cannon’s roar; —
The meteor of the ocean air
Shall sweep the clouds no more..." This poem by Holmes was a response to the idea of breaking up the American frigate "U.S.S Constitution" because it was no longer fit for service.
It was a very important frigate in the War of 1812 against Britain.
After the poem was published, it became a battle-cry throughout the nation and caused so much attention that the plan to dismantle it was given up.
Instead it was rebuilt and put into a museum in 1930.
Holmes brought the nation together by publishing this poem and demonstrated how the authority of the people led to the preservation of the U.S.S Constitution. "Brother John and Sister Caroline" "Go, then, our rash sister! afar and aloof, Run wild in the sunshine away from our roof, But when your heart aches and your feet have grown sore, Remember the pathway that leads to our door!" Another patriotic poem by Holmes that talks about the splitting of South Carolina and the Civil War
Significant because it shows how Holmes didn't want South Carolina to separate from the nation.
The poem also supported the idea of nationalism. Nathaniel Hawthorne Every individual has a place to fill in the world and is important in some respect whether he chooses to be so or not. "The ideas of people in general are not raised higher than the roofs of the houses. All their interests extend over the earth's surface in a layer of that thickness. The meeting-house steeple reaches out of their sphere."
-NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE, American Note-Books, 1836 “For, has not the world come to an awfully sophisticated past, when, after a certain degree of acquaintance with it, we cannot even put ourselves to death in whole-hearted simplicity?”
― Nathaniel Hawthorne, The Blithedale Romance Hawthorne is referring to the main character in The Blithedale Romance, Miles Coverdale. Miles journeys through life, earning wisdom and intellectual ideals about death and the future. By the end of the story, he uncovers his purpose in life. Hawthorne's excerpt from the novel describes how people feel overcome with the sophisticated ways of others. Hawthorne believes in the born simplicity of man and the importance of starting with small efforts
The quotes describes how colonists in the early republic needed to find their place in America. With high-ranked politicians and officials, the settlers may have felt small compared to the leaders, but Hawthorne believes in finding each ones place with a small and simple start. The idea of simplicity made even the back country settlers important to the creation of the United States, creating nationalism in all aspects. In the American Note-books, Hawthorne describes many of his perspectives on early America and the impact the colonists have towards the country. Hawthorne's statement describes how the ideas of people affect not only a town, but the whole world. Religion, politics, economy and other aspects concerning the republic, were influenced by the people. Hawthorne was in favor for speaking you mind and encouraged it. The voice of the people can ripple from a meeting-house and into the surface of the earth. The encouragement Hawthorne spoke is an inspiration for people to speak their opinions because it will make a difference. Hawthorne makes colonists feel like they do have a say in the world and their opinions will be spread farther than from themselves. The ability for colonists to express themselves created nationalism because they felt their voice could make a difference. Hawthorne is a strong believer in the importance of each individuals place in the world. Everyone has the choice to be a creator of ideas or not. Hawthorne left the decision up to the colonists, whether they wanted to be something greater and confide within themselves.
Nationalism was formed from Nathaniel Hawthorne's ideals because he preached the fact colonists needed to choose whether they made a difference or not. Most colonists wanted to speak their mind, and knowing their opinions would matter made them feel a part of something bigger. Colonists unitized to fill their place in the world. He wrote poems such as "Paul Reveres Ride" and "Hiawatha" Excerpt From Paul Reveres Ride-
“You know the rest. In the books you have read
How the British Regulars fired and fled,-
How the farmers gave them ball for ball,
From behind each fence and farmyard wall,” Excerpt From Hiawatha-
"Ye who love a nation's legends,
Love the ballads of a people,
That like voices from afar off
Call to us to pause and listen,
Speak in tones so plain and childlike," "Paul Reveres Ride" shows the national unity that all Americans feel and how we are all bound together by the American Revolution. Since the time of the war up until today the American Revolution brought us the liberty we all know and hold dear. This excerpt shows that Wadsworth felt that all people have an equal voice and deserve to be listened to, regardless of where they come from. It also says that those who love the stories behind the history of a nation must also love all people, present and past, who made an impact on that nation. Literature
Nationalism Works Cited:
Emerson, Ralph Waldo. "Nature by Ralph Waldo
Emerson." Oregon State University. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Oct. 2012.
"File:Ralph Waldo Emerson ca1857 retouched.jpg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Oct. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ralph_Waldo_Emerson_ca1857_retouched.jpg>.
"File:Ralph Waldo Emerson ca1857 retouched.jpg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 5 Oct. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ralph_Waldo_Emerson_ca1857_retouched.jpg>.
"Ralph Waldo Emerson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Oct. 2012.
say, the printed page. I only would. "The American Scholar." Ralph Waldo Emerson Texts. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Oct. 2012.