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Little Brother: My Summative...

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on 11 June 2014

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Transcript of Little Brother: My Summative...

Little Brother: My Summative...
-The story 'Little Brother' is set in a near-future San Francisco, after a major terrorist attack.

-Due to this terrorist attack, USA is gripped with terror. To 'reassure' the public, the DHS (Department of Homeland Security) sets strict surveillance regulations on the public to keep them 'safe'.
Setting: Conclusion
This relates to the theme due to the fact that although the methods that the DHS use are quite inhumane and unethical, the public turns a blind eye because they are the 'authority' and therefore, everything they do is 'justified'.
The theme of this novel is - Have the Courage and Confidence to stand up against opposition and oppression of any kind, regardless of social opinions on the subject.
Plot: Part 2
Soon, Jolu and Van leave, both for their own reasons as the revolution picks up steam.

The THEME of this novel....
In the following slides, we will see the factors and points that lead up into the theme.
The plot follows the story of Marcus Yallow, who at the time of the terrorist attack, is in the wrong place at the wrong time (Skipping school... who would ever think of doing that?), and is taken in for questioning along with his friends: Jolu, Darryl, and Van.

After being released, Marcus decides to step up against the authority (Department of Homeland Security, or DHS) by creating a program to communicate with others, using the X-net.
Little Brother: My Grade 9 Summative Book
After multiple events involving the Xnet and it's community, Marcus soon meets a man named Zeb, who tells Marcus that he escaped from a prison. He also informs Marcus that his best friend Darryl, along with other suspects from the terrorist attack, are being held, and tortured, at the prison facility.
Plot: Part 3
Overcome by guilt and depression, Marcus is caught in an emotional meltdown by his mother. He breaks, and tells her all the recent events.

Marcus' mother then informs Marcus about an investigative reporter who can help expose the DHS and their terrible crimes
Plot: Part 4
Marcus realizes that once the article has been chosen, his secret identity he chose to conceal himself on the web will be obsolete. He then decides to leave the country.

However, he is captured and sent to the prison where Darryl, along with the other suspects, are being held.

Just as Marcus is about to be tortured by waterboarding, California State Troopers raid the facility, as Barbara's story had been published, and the world exposed to the crimes that the DHS had committed. Marcus and the prisoners are released, and everyone is happy.
Plot: Conclusion
In conclusion, all of these plot events have something in common: They are all examples of how Marcus fights against the society, relating to the theme.
There are many Characters in 'Little Brother'.

In this presentation, we will focus on Marcus, his father, and Jolu as characters that contribute to the theme.
Characters - Drew Yallow (Marcus' father)
Marcus' father, Drew, becomes terrified after the terrorist attack because he believes that Marcus died in the bombing, when he was actually being held by the DHS. Because of this terror, he welcomes the 'safety' methods used by the DHS, and justifies every action they do because simply they're the 'authority'.

Characters: Jose Luis Torrez
Jose Luis Torrex, called Jolu by his friends, is one of Marcus' good friends, and is one of the 3 friends Marcus is caught with on the day of the terrorist attack on San Francisco.

Jolu provides good perspective on the topic of racism. While Marcus choses to delve deeper into the Xnet, and go further with the revolution, Jolu decides to stop collaborating with Marcus.

When confronted on why he would leave, Jolu explains that is it too risky for him, simply because of his race.
Character: Marcus Yallow
Our protagonist, Marcus Yallow, is a 17 year old teenager who is very patriotic about his privacy and the civil rights of citizens in his city. After he gets taken in for questioning (later to be tortured..), he gets his privacy violated, along with his civil rights.

In this story, he embodies the theme almost to the point. After he sets his mind to bringing down a seemingly impossible system, he stops at nothing to get his goal. He gains the Courage to stand up against society and public opinions.
Characters: Conclusion
In conclusion, many, if not all, of the characters provide some kind of contribution to the main theme, if it be by their character traits, or their perspective on the conflict going on throughout the story.

In this story, the conflict is mostly one of a Person vs Society type.

In the beginning, Marcus gets manhandled by the DHS (Which happens to represent society in this particular story), his privacy invaded, his rights violated. After being released, he realized how much has changed after being locked up in a prison. His once beautiful home city had been changed into a city full a distrust, police brutality, and 'safety precautions'.

Conflict arises between the authority and the revolution that Marcus organizes, called the 'Little Brothers'.

Conflict: Conclusion
The major conflict in this story is one of a Person (Marcus + Little Brothers) Vs Society (Authority, public opinions, and Social Media). This conflict, along with the plot it makes, also shapes the main character, Marcus Yallow, into the protagonist he needs to be for this story, and the protagonist he needs to be to lead to the theme of this story.
Symbolism in 'Little Brother'
Little Brother is a book that contains many symbols, most that send the general message of 'This may seem like freedom, but it's not'

However, one symbol that stands out from the others is the Xnet, the communication system Marcus uses to communicate with the Little Brothers.
Symbolism in Little Brother: Xnet
In the novel 'Little Brother', Xnet stands out significantly as an example of symbolism, compared to the others, due to the fact that it sends a different message than most of the other symbols.

In this story, Xnet stands for a persons will to fight. In this novel, the Xnet is originally a platform for games and other illegal programs such as pirating.

If you look at the layers of the Xnet, you will see that it is a great symbol for a person's commitment to a cause. For example, at the very top, you would have people who are barely involved, yet know what's going on. For the Xnet, it would be people who don't get too involved with Marcus and his group, yet use Xnet for simple things like games. Then you have people who are slightly more involved, who use it for pirating, and finally you have people who use Marcus' secret program, who are completely committed to Marcus' cause.
Symbolism: Conclusion
In conclusion, in the novel 'Little Brother' there are many examples of symbolism. However, Xnet stands out as a symbol of commitment to a cause, a person, or an idea.

This relates to the theme because even though it's considered a crime, everyone who uses the Xnet is helping Marcus stand up to oppression.
In Conclusion...
Little Brother is a good book that talks about oppression and confidence, among other subjects. It's Setting, Plot, Characters, Conflicts, and Symbols all lead up to a central theme
Have the confidence and courage to stand up to opposition or oppression of any kind, regardless of social opinions on the subject.
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