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Form-focused instruction. teaching grammar, vocabulary and other aspects of FFI effectively.

EFL Teaching practice. UEX 2011
by

Antonio Gómez Vélez

on 13 October 2015

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Transcript of Form-focused instruction. teaching grammar, vocabulary and other aspects of FFI effectively.

Topic 4.
Form-Focused Instruction:
Teaching grammar, vocabulary and other aspects of FFI effectively.

Antonio Gómez Vélez
October 2013

'If you don't like their rules, whose would you use?'

Charlie Brown.
Introduction: Form-focused Instruction.
F F I
R. Ellis
'any planed or incidental instructional activity that is intended to induce language learners to pay attention to linguistic form, where "form" stands for grammatical structures, lexical items, phonological features and even sociolinguistic and pragmatic features of language.'
F F I
Andringa
The term refers to all formal aspects of language: grammar, pronunciation, spelling, intonation, ...
F F I
The term F F I covers a broad range of activities, all focusing the learner’s attention on the formal aspects of the foreign language.
TEACHING GRAMMAR
Michael Swan
Seven bad reasons to teach grammar
Because it's there.
It's tidy.
It's testable.
Grammar as a security blanket.
It made me who I am.
You have to teach the whole system.
Power.
Michael Swan
Two good reasons to teach grammar.
Comprehensibility.
Acceptability.
What points of grammar we choose to teach will depend on our circumstances and our learners’ aims.
Teaching grammar
inductively
deductively
The deductive approach
The students learn the rule and apply it only after they have been introduced to the rule.
The inductive approach
The students learn the use of the structure through practice of the language in context, and later realize the rules from the practical examples.
faster
more direct
more forgetable
more teacher-energy
funnier
memorable
more 'discovery' learning
more learner autonomy
more natural
more confusing
more creativity needed
more time-consuming
Grammar-practice activities and games
Written grammar activities
Growing stories
Board games
Other grammar-practice activities and games.
Drills
Written exercises
Songs.
Dictations / Dictogloss
...
TEACHING VOCABULARY
Vocabulary
the words we teach in the foreign language
better talking about vocabulary 'items' rather than 'words'
Presenting vocabulary via a visual/oral context
Other ways to work on vocabualry items
Vocabulary in texts.
Conveying meaning and checking understanding.
Realia and visuals.
Give examples.
Explanation or definition.
Mime and gesture
Recycling vocabulary
Developing students'
skills and strategies
OTHER ASPECTS IN F F I: PRONUNCIATION, STRESS, INTONATION, ...
What elements go to make up pronunciation?
Individual sounds.
Word stress.
Sounds in connected speech.
Rythm and stress in utterances.
Intonation.
When should you focus on pronunciation?
integrated into lessons.
practising the skills of listening and speaking.
sometimes a whole lesson to pronunciation work.
Visuals
Diagram of mouth
Chart sounds/spellings
Phonemic chart
Minimal pairs
JOURNALIST

JOBS
TEACHER
POLICEMAN
ACCOUNTANT

BUSINESS PERSON

DOCTOR

NURSE
PILOT
TAXI DRIVER
BUS DRIVER
Full transcript