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Form-focused instruction. teaching grammar, vocabulary and other aspects of FFI effectively.
Transcript of Form-focused instruction. teaching grammar, vocabulary and other aspects of FFI effectively.
Teaching grammar, vocabulary and other aspects of FFI effectively.
Antonio Gómez Vélez
'If you don't like their rules, whose would you use?'
Introduction: Form-focused Instruction.
F F I
'any planed or incidental instructional activity that is intended to induce language learners to pay attention to linguistic form, where "form" stands for grammatical structures, lexical items, phonological features and even sociolinguistic and pragmatic features of language.'
F F I
The term refers to all formal aspects of language: grammar, pronunciation, spelling, intonation, ...
F F I
The term F F I covers a broad range of activities, all focusing the learner’s attention on the formal aspects of the foreign language.
Seven bad reasons to teach grammar
Because it's there.
Grammar as a security blanket.
It made me who I am.
You have to teach the whole system.
Two good reasons to teach grammar.
What points of grammar we choose to teach will depend on our circumstances and our learners’ aims.
The deductive approach
The students learn the rule and apply it only after they have been introduced to the rule.
The inductive approach
The students learn the use of the structure through practice of the language in context, and later realize the rules from the practical examples.
more 'discovery' learning
more learner autonomy
more creativity needed
Grammar-practice activities and games
Written grammar activities
Other grammar-practice activities and games.
Dictations / Dictogloss
the words we teach in the foreign language
better talking about vocabulary 'items' rather than 'words'
Presenting vocabulary via a visual/oral context
Other ways to work on vocabualry items
Vocabulary in texts.
Conveying meaning and checking understanding.
Realia and visuals.
Explanation or definition.
Mime and gesture
skills and strategies
OTHER ASPECTS IN F F I: PRONUNCIATION, STRESS, INTONATION, ...
What elements go to make up pronunciation?
Sounds in connected speech.
Rythm and stress in utterances.
When should you focus on pronunciation?
integrated into lessons.
practising the skills of listening and speaking.
sometimes a whole lesson to pronunciation work.
Diagram of mouth