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Impact on lithosphere

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Parker Tilley

on 18 February 2013

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Transcript of Impact on lithosphere

Current Practices/Their Effect An Important Event Recent Laws/
Regulations What is Urbanization? The following are some organizations created specifically to focus on Urbanization:
WHO - The World Health Organization
-focused on synthesizing global knowledge on social determinants of health
RENCI - Renaissance Computing Institute
-focused on forecasting urban growth and its impacts
GUO - The Global Urban Observatory
-focused on the need to improve the World-Wide base of Urban knowledge by helping governments, local authorities and organizations of civil society develop and apply policy-oriented urban indicators, statistics and other urban info. The Product The EPA (United States Environmental Protection Agency) is the one mainly known for making urbanization laws and regulations. This an agency that tries to protect the nature, polluted water, temperature rise, animal habitat protection (since they are decreasing due to the pollution or lost of habitat) due to urbanization. How Humans Impact the Lithosphere This Agency has developed the following laws due to urbanization to protect and save all the other components affected
* The Clean Water Act (CWA) : to help the people not dump the waste into landfills near or at the ocean or on streets.
* Endangered Species Act (ESA) : they protect "about to be extinct" species where ever they are
* Resource Conservation and Recovery Act : helps prevent hazardous waste from being exposed or put in the wrong place. Organizations Created to Focus on Urbanization Here is a graph showing the increase in urbanization in the USA, China and global average: Urbanization is the development of rural areas and transformation into large cities so that humans can increase productivity and be efficient; this will increase pollution in surrounding areas and diminish the region.

Some of the fastest growing cities are located in third-world countries, such as China, Nigeria, Yemen, Afghanistan, and India. Result of Human Action What did humans do? Through Urbanization Resources Current
Practices By: Parker Tilley, Alyssa Carhart, Angelica Villalta, and Toby Becker Urbanization Works Cited The Progressive Era took place from roughly 1890-1920
Main change in our country was that cities grew to record sizes (over 42 million people that moved from rural areas to urban)
Existing cities also grew to swallow up surrounding communities through annexation
Growth of cities outpaced the ability of their governments to control simple sanitation aspects (ex. garbage, water, sewage, etc.)
Led to extensive pollution of the lithosphere for a long period of time. Well, What is urbanization? Pollution caused by the people of the progressive era was profound
Lithosphere was greatly polluted because as cities grew, buildings had to be constructed and the soil was contaminated with multiple materials and chemicals.
Municipalities could not handle the trash collection, so people threw it into the streets
When buildings and cities grow, natural wildlife and vegetation is removed
Nutrients are lost and air pollution increases exponentially due to the lack of "natural air filtration". Organizations Created to Focus on Urbanization (cont) Other Laws and Regulations set up due to urbanization are
*Pollution Prevention Act
*and many others to protect animal life and habitat, air, and to prevent global warming and other hazardous things caused by urbanization CUSP - Comparative Urban Studies
Project
-focused on improving knowledge on urban development through research, seminar, and publications.
ITDP - The Institute for Transportation and Develop Policy
-focused on working with cities worldwide, bringing transport solutions that cut greenhouse gas emissions, reduce poverty and help the quality of urban life. ....... dirty streets, cities, and people....... landfills..... Many expanding cities are finding it necessary to make the condition of the lithosphere a priority in their development. Some examples are:
-Reusing landfills
-Confining landfills to an area
-Increasing recycling programs
-Offering regular trash service to avoid waste
-Encouraging "green spaces" in new construction
-Changing building codes to include diff. materials
-Increasing parks
-Requiring a ratio of vegetation downtown
All of this is benefiting the lithosphere greatly. Pathway to a More Sustainable Future Increase number of green spaces in cities
plant more trees and shrubs to clean up soil
start community gardens
offer incentives for rooftop gardens
require school projects for students to go green Many cities also develop
zoning laws to ensure that
citizens use land correctly when constructing anything. Certain
land is only allowed to be used for certain things. The most common laws distinguish commercial from residential. Zoning Laws Works Cited"Comparative Urban Studies Project." Wilson Center. The Woodrow
Wilson International Center for Scholars, 13 Feb 2013. Web. 13 Feb 2013. <http://www.wilsoncenter.org/program/comparative-urban-studies-project>.

Dirty Child. 2010. The Journal of Gilded Age and Progressive Era, Rock Creek,
MD. Web. 13 Feb 2013. <http://www.jgape.org/node/90>.

"Environmental Challenges with Urbanization." SlideShare. N.p., 22 May 2010.
Web. 13 Feb 2013. <http://www.slideshare.net/shg0615/environmental-benefits-the-challenges-of-urbanization>.

"Global Urban Observatory." UN-Habitat. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb 2013.
<http://ww2.unhabitat.org/programmes/guo/>.

Graph on Urbanization. 2012. Zetlin & DeChiara LLP. Web. 13 Feb 2013.
<http://www.zdlaw.com/quarterlyreview/?p=390>.

Landfill. 2011. Lisa High School Blog, Oregon, WA. Web. 13 Feb 2013.
<http://colorlisa.wordpress.com/page/5/>.

"Organizations for Urbanization." WorldWatch Institute. N.p.. Web. 13 Feb 2013.
<http://www.worldwatch.org/node/4964>.

"RENCI/UNC Charlotte to Focus on Urbanization." RENCI. N.p., 24 Oct
2007.Web. 13 Feb 2013. <http://www.renci.org/news/releases/new-renci-center-at-unc-charlotte-to-focus-on-urbanization-and-regional-growth>.

Sanitation in Progressive Age. 2006. Fordham University, New York City. Web.
13 Feb 2013. <http://www.fordham.edu/academics/colleges__graduate_s/undergraduate_colleg/fordham_college_at_l/special_programs/honors_program/hudsonfulton_celebra/homepage/progressive_movement/sanitation_32233.asp>. "Urbanization." World Health Organization. N.p.. Web. 13 Feb
2013. <http://www.who.int/social_determinants/
themes/urbanization/en/index.html>.

Urbanization. 2011. Wall SaveWeb. 13 Feb 2013. <http://www.wallsave.com/wallpaper/1600x1200/wedding-invitation-city-lights-266042.html>.

Urbanization in Germany. 2012. Travel and Tourism, in Frankfurt
City, Germany. Web. 13 Feb 2013. <http://globaltraveltorusim.
blogspot.com/2012/08/Frankfurt-City.html>.

Urbanization in Kathmandu Valley. 2010. Wikipedia. Web. 13 Feb
2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Urbanization_in_
Kathmandu_Valley.jpg>.

Urbanization in Tampa, FL. 2012. City of Tampa, Tampa, Florida.
Web. 13 Feb 2013. <https://www.tampagov.net/about_us/>.

"Urbanization Laws." United States EPA. N.p.. Web. 13 Feb
2013.<http://water.epa.gov/lawsregs/lawsguidance/index.cfm>.

"Urbanization of America." TheUSAOnline.com. Active USA Center.
Web. 13 Feb 2013. <http://www.theusaonline.com/people/urbanization.htm>.

"What Have Governments Done About Urbanization?." eHow.
Demand Media, Inc.. Web. 13 Feb 2013. <http://www.ehow.com/info_8734968_governments-done-urbanization.html>.

"What Were the Causes of Urbanization During the Progressive
Era?." eHow. Demand Media, Inc. Web. 13 Feb 2013. <http://www.ehow.com/info_8521593_were-urbanization-during-progressive-era.html>. Our group does agree that more things could be done in order to create a more sustainable pathway for the Earth.
make more people aware of cities going green
require recycling in urban areas
make trash more efficient
increase punishments on littering
definitely need stricter legislation
more education for architects in green materials
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