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Machismo in Chronicle of a Death Foretold
Transcript of Machismo in Chronicle of a Death Foretold
Machismo is Honor
One of the basic principles of machismo is defending your honor.
In this town, honor is a societal expectation for all men.
The Vicario brothers feel compelled to defend their family name by seeking revenge against the man that deflowered their sister.
When they find out that it is Santiago Nasar, they are very hesitant to carry out their tasks and they look for every opportunity not to complete it.
"There's no way out of this"- Pablo Vicario (Marquez 61)
"She was certain the Vicario brothers where not eager to carry out this sentence as to find someone who would do the the favor of stopping them." (Marquez 57)
Machismo is strong masculine pride
in the novel men dominate every aspect of society
women are expected to be good wives and caretakers
"I raised them to be men"-Purisima Vicario (Marquez 31)
What is Machismo?
men acting "manly"
In this town, there is a double standard when it comes to male and female sexual immorality.
Men are praised for sleeping with as many women as possible yet women are shamed for not remaining chaste till marriage.
The men are sexually aggressive: Santiago Nasar sexually abuses his maid. (pg.13)
"The time has come for you to be tamed"- Santiago Nasar (Marquez 9)
Bayardo San Roman "returns" Angela, a day after marriage, to her parents for not being a virgin and her mother beats her up for disgracing her family.
"We'd been together at Maria Alejandrina Cervantes's until after three" (Marquez 64)
"She taught us that there's no place in life sadder than empty bed." (Marquez 65)
Machismo defines the role of women in society
"I realized just how alone we women are in this world!"-Purisima Vicario (Marquez 63)
Women are servants.
Women are prostitutes.
"They've been working without cease for three days...first taking care of the guests of honor in secret." (Marquez 64)
women are wives and mother figures.
women are voiceless.
"Angela Vicario never forgot the horror of the night on which [her family] imposed on her the obligation to marry a man whom she had barely seen." (Marquez 34)
Machismo and Gender Roles in Latin America
In South America, there is strong presence of Machismo in the Latin culture.
Men are viewed as the breadwinners, the disciplinarians, ad the defenders of family honor and pride.
they get special privileges that women do not receive such as, more job opportunities.
Women are viewed as caretakers and it is socially accepted that that a woman's place is in the home.
This old doctrine of the "right gender roles" is slowly dying.
Machismo as a replacement For Faith
Machismo is male dominance
In this society, women are treated as second class citizens while men are put on pedestals.
The women are only supposed to have aspirations of being the perfect wife and mother. Their dreams are irrelevant.
Purisima del Carmen, Angela's mother, "had been a school teacher until she married forever." (Marquez 30-31)
She devoted herself with such spirit to the care of her husband and the rearing of her children that at times one forgot she still existed." (Marquez 31)
Angela feel that she is inferior to her husband and this mentality is reflected in society because the women allow themselves to be mistreated by the men.
"he seemed too much of a man for me"- Angela Vicario (Marquez 34)
The men behave in ways that prove their masculinity.
Santiago Nasar sleeps with a gun under his pillow and he enjoys hunting
Even in danger, Santiago refuses to enter the house through the front entrance and he takes the backdoor.
The twins slaughter animals for a living.
Pedro Vicario is the more aggressive twin.
He shaves with a butcher knife and he served in the military.
Bayardo San Roman proves his masculinity through his wealth: he buys all the tickets in the raffle to impress Angela.
As a replacement for faith, Machismo acts a the moral compass for society because its compels the Vicario brothers to murder Santiago Nasar and its expectations causes the characters in the novel to behave in ways that proves the level of their masculinity.
Strong or aggressive masculine pride.
Male dominance over women.
The characters in the novel seem religious yet instead of upholding christian values, they value honor, wealth power, and public perception.
The Bishop is just an ornament for religion.
"It was a fleeting illusion: he began to make the sign of the cross...and he kept doing it mechanically.
Although murder is a sin, everyone, including Father Amador, believes that the Vicario bothers are justified in killing Santiago Nasar because "it was a matter of honor." (Marquez 49)
"But we are innocent"-Pedro Vicario
"Perhaps before God"- Father Amador
"Before God and man...it was a matter of honor"-Pablo Vicario
(conversation on pg 49)
Machismo and Fate
Machismo influences the fate of the characters in the novel.
Vicarious definition: performed or suffered by one person as a substitute for another or to the benefit or advantage of another.
The Vicario brothers do not want to kill Santiago but because of the strong presence of Machismo in this culture, they are called to do so. Thus Machismo exercises it presence through Santiago's death.
The concept of
Machismo is the nucleus of the novel because it influences every aspect of society.
Gabriel Garcia Marquez uses this novel to criticize and condemn the cult of Machismo by showing how it creates unfair and unrealistc gender expectations.
Chronicle of a Death Foretold by Gabriel Garcia Marquez
Gabriel Garcia Marquez: A Critical Companion by Ruben Pelayo.
"Culture of Colombia." Countries and Their Cultures. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Jan. 2014.