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The History of Deaf Culture
Transcript of The History of Deaf Culture
The History of Deaf Culture
The Early Beginning of ASL
ALS was created primarily from French Sign Language which dates back even further than ASL, having origins in Paris from about 1790.
This means that ASL is more than 300 years old.
There are charts showing fingerspelled handshapes in books published as early as 1620. These books describe how Spanish monks used fingerspelling to teach their deaf students to read and write.
The First School of the Deaf
The first American school for deaf children was founded in Hartford, Connecticut in 1814.
The founders were Laurent Clerc, Dr. Mason Cogswell, and Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet.
The school struggled at first, but later that year was funded by the government to help it stay open.
The Deaflympics are held every four years, and are the longest running multi-sport event excluding the Olympics themselves.
The first games, held in Paris in 1924, were also the first ever international sporting event for athletes with a disability. The event has been held every four years since, apart from a break for World War II.
To qualify for the games, athletes must have a hearing loss of at least 55 db in their "better ear". Hearing aids, cochlear implants and the like are not allowed to be used in competition, to place all athletes on the same level.
First and Largest Technological College for Deaf and HH Students
Was established in 1965
The Advisory Group considered proposals from Illinois State University, Pennsylvania State University, the University of Southern California, the State University of New York, the University of Colorado at Boulder and others before deciding on RIT in 1966.
NTID admitted its first students in 1968
National Theater of the Deaf
1950’s, Dr. Edna Simon Levine, a psychologist working in the area of deafness, formed the concept of a professional company of deaf performers.
In 1967, six people bought tickets to see the first performance of the National Theater of the Deaf.
A federal grant in 1965 from the U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare provided planning funds. In the spring of 1967, a national television program was aired which explored the experimental idea of NTD.
The White House's First Deaf Receptionist: Leah Katz-Hernandez
In 2008 Leah Katz-Hernandez was offered to work in the West Wing of the White House be a part of President Obama's campaign
She is the first deaf person to work in the White House.