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Conditionals ppt

Good for nothing
by

Daniel Aguiar

on 25 March 2015

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Transcript of Conditionals ppt

Conditional Sentences
are sentences discussing
factual implications
or hypothetical situations and their consequences.

ZERO CONDITIONAL

(GENERAL TRUTH)
FIRST CONDITIONAL
SECOND CONDITIONAL
THIRD CONDITIONAL
ONE COMMON TYPE OF FACTUAL CONDITIONAL DESCRIBES
GENERAL TRUTH
.
THIS TYPE OF CONDITIONAL IS OFTEN USED IN THE SCIENCES TO DESCRIBE
PHYSICAL LAWS
.
We use the First Conditional to talk about
future events
that are likely to happen.
The
second conditional
(also called conditional type 2) is a structure used for talking about
unreal situations in the present or in the future
. This page will explain how the second conditional is formed, and when to use it.
ZERO CONDITIONAL (General Truth)
FIRST CONDITIONAL
SECOND CONDITIONAL
THIRD CONDITIONAL

FORM OF ZERO CONDITIONAL


IF CLAUSE

MAIN CLAUSE

SIMPLE PRESENT

SIMPLE PRESENT
IF YOU HEAT WATER TO A HUNDRED DEGREES
,
IT BOILS.
IF YOU DIVIDE EIGHTEEN BY THREE , YOU GET SIX
DESCRIBING PHYSICAL LAWS
GENERAL TRUTHS
HABITS
IF YOU LIE IN THE SUN FOR TOO LONG, YOU GET BURNT
IF YOU HIT YOUR FINGER WITH A HAMMER, IT HURTS
FORM
IF - CLAUSE
PRESENT SIMPLE
MAIN CLAUSE
WILL/WILL NOT + INFINITIVE
FIRST CONDITIONAL IS OFTEN USED TO TALK ABOUT
FUTURE PLANS
THAT DEPEND ON
SOMETHING UNPREDICTABLE
If we leave now, we will miss the miss the rush hour traffic.
If the clock is wrong, we'll be late
If the weather is fine tomorrow, we'll go swimming
FORM

IF CLAUSE


PAST SIMPLE
MAIN CLAUSE
WOULD + INFINITIVE
We can use the Second Conditional to talk about things in the future that are probably not going to be true. Maybe I'm imagining some dream for example.
We can use the Second Conditional to talk about something in the present which is impossible, because it's not true.
•If I won the lottery, I would buy a big house.
(I probably won't win the lottery)
•If I met the Queen of England, I would say hello.
•If I had his number, I would call him. (I don't have his number now, so it's impossible for me to call him).
•If I were you, I wouldn't go out with that man.
We use the Third Conditional to talk about
'impossible'
conditions, impossible because they are in the past and we cannot change what has happened.
FORM

IF CLAUSE

PAST PERFECT
MAIN CLAUSE
would have + past participle
What would you have done differently if you had known you would never speak to him again?
If we had known you were sick, we would have gone to visit you in the hospital.
You can use this sentence structure to express regret about something in the past, and to wish the past had happened differently.
You can use this structure to criticize someone/something or point out mistakes
It would have been quicker if we had taken a taxi to the park instead of walking.
If you hadn’t stayed out so late last night, you wouldn’t have slept in and been late for work!
Full transcript