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Transcript of Conditionals ppt
are sentences discussing
or hypothetical situations and their consequences.
ONE COMMON TYPE OF FACTUAL CONDITIONAL DESCRIBES
THIS TYPE OF CONDITIONAL IS OFTEN USED IN THE SCIENCES TO DESCRIBE
We use the First Conditional to talk about
that are likely to happen.
(also called conditional type 2) is a structure used for talking about
unreal situations in the present or in the future
. This page will explain how the second conditional is formed, and when to use it.
ZERO CONDITIONAL (General Truth)
FORM OF ZERO CONDITIONAL
IF YOU HEAT WATER TO A HUNDRED DEGREES
IF YOU DIVIDE EIGHTEEN BY THREE , YOU GET SIX
DESCRIBING PHYSICAL LAWS
IF YOU LIE IN THE SUN FOR TOO LONG, YOU GET BURNT
IF YOU HIT YOUR FINGER WITH A HAMMER, IT HURTS
IF - CLAUSE
WILL/WILL NOT + INFINITIVE
FIRST CONDITIONAL IS OFTEN USED TO TALK ABOUT
THAT DEPEND ON
If we leave now, we will miss the miss the rush hour traffic.
If the clock is wrong, we'll be late
If the weather is fine tomorrow, we'll go swimming
WOULD + INFINITIVE
We can use the Second Conditional to talk about things in the future that are probably not going to be true. Maybe I'm imagining some dream for example.
We can use the Second Conditional to talk about something in the present which is impossible, because it's not true.
•If I won the lottery, I would buy a big house.
(I probably won't win the lottery)
•If I met the Queen of England, I would say hello.
•If I had his number, I would call him. (I don't have his number now, so it's impossible for me to call him).
•If I were you, I wouldn't go out with that man.
We use the Third Conditional to talk about
conditions, impossible because they are in the past and we cannot change what has happened.
would have + past participle
What would you have done differently if you had known you would never speak to him again?
If we had known you were sick, we would have gone to visit you in the hospital.
You can use this sentence structure to express regret about something in the past, and to wish the past had happened differently.
You can use this structure to criticize someone/something or point out mistakes
It would have been quicker if we had taken a taxi to the park instead of walking.
If you hadn’t stayed out so late last night, you wouldn’t have slept in and been late for work!