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Curriculum Models & Types

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kz Zy

on 31 July 2014

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Transcript of Curriculum Models & Types

Curriculum Models & Types
What is a Curriculum Model?
Curriculum Models
Types of Curriculum
Models
are patterns serving as guidelines to action, can be found for almost every form of educational activity
A model may:
propose a solution to a piece of a problem
Why use a model?
One way of developing a curriculum plan is through modeling
The Tyler Model
one of the best known models for curriculum development
The Eisner Model
In the Tyler Model, the general objectives that successfully pass through the two screens become what are now popularly known as instructional objectives
The Taba Model
believed that the curriculum should be designed by the teachers rather than handed down by higher authority
The Oliva Model
a deductive model that offers a faculty a process for the complete development of a school’s curriculum
Recommended Curriculum
Most of the school curricula is recommended, it may come from any scholars, professional organization who has stake in education
Written Curriculum
Appears in state and local documents like state standards, district curriculum guides, course of study, scope and sequence charts and teachers’ planning documents given to schools
Taught Curriculum
The one that teachers implement or deliver and which refers to the planned activities which are put into action in the classroom
education profession has models of administration, of supervision, of instruction, of evaluation, and others
attempt to solve to a specific problem
create or replicate a pattern on a grander scale
Using a model to develop curriculum can result in greater efficiency and productivity (Oliva, 2009)
By examining models for curriculum development, we can analyze the phases essential to the process
known for the special attention it gives to the planning phases
deductive for it proceeds from the general (examining the needs of society, for example) to the specific (specifying instructional objectives)
teachers should begin the process by creating specific teaching-learning units rather than by initially creating a general curriculum design
advocated an inductive approach to
curriculum development
illustrates a step-by-step process of developing the curriculum from specifying the needs of students in general and the needs of the society to evaluating the curriculum
describes the curriculum development model in the 12 components in which one another inter-related
offers a systemic and dimensional view of curriculum that combines behavioral principles with aesthetic components to form a curriculum planning model
Involves seven components:
Objectives
Content of the curriculum
Types of learning opportunities
Organization of learning opportunities
Organization of content areas
Mode of presentation & mode of response
Types of evaluation procedure
The Nicholls Model
is a cyclical model that makes it flexible and more relevant to curriculum development by the teachers (Print, 1993)
Involves five steps
Situational Analysis
Selection of the Objectives
Selection and Organization of content
Selection and Organization of methods
Evaluation
Supported Curriculum
has all the facilities and materials that will help the teacher in implementing the curriculum for a successful teaching-learning process
Assessed Curriculum
Learned Curriculum
the curriculum that students actually learn like the learning outcomes achieved by the students indicated by the results of the tests
Hidden Curriculum
an unintended curriculum which is not planned but may modify behavior or influence learning outcomes that transpire in school
a tested or evaluated curriculum where teachers use paper-and-pencil tests, practical exams, and/or portfolios to assess the student's progress and for them to determine the extent of their teaching during and after each topic they teach
Thank You!
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