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Literary elements and definitions for "Oranges" by Gary Soto

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Jennifer Arias

on 14 March 2014

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Transcript of Literary elements and definitions for "Oranges" by Gary Soto

A main idea or an underlying meaning of a literary work which may be stated directly or indirectly.
Literary Elements
Gary Soto
Born in 1952 in Fresno, California
"the center of the San Joaquin Valley's agricultural industry"
2014, D. Lee -
Mexican-American-both parents from Mexico
Father died at five, mother remarried
He grew up in a poor predominantly Mexican American neighborhoods
Had a D average in school after father's death
To avoid being drafted enrolled at Fresno College, transferred to Cal State Fresno, and finally UCI where he got his MA in creative writing
Students will read the poem "Oranges" by Gary Soto in small groups.
Students will identify, define, and analyze literary elements and techniques, word choice, phrases, and speakers thoughts and how they emphasize and convey theme

Students will write a reflection where they first provide a brief summary of the poem.
Then they will explain how the poem made them feel and any personal connections they made with the theme or the speaker.

Ms. Arias, 3rd period
Literary elements/techniques and definitions for "Oranges" by Gary Soto
Example: loneliness of being a teen in Anne Frank's "The Diary of a Young Girl"
an attitude of a writer toward a subject or an audience. Tone is generally conveyed through the choice of words or the view point of a writer on a particular subject.

Example: "“I shall be telling this with a sigh
Somewhere ages and ages hence:
Two roads diverged in a wood, and I,
I took the one less traveled by,
And that has made all the difference.”

"Sigh" shows that he may have made a decision which he regrets which gives this stanza an unhappy tone
Sensory language:
language that connects to the five senses (sight, sound, smell, taste, touch) to create an image or description.
The fragrance of jasmine wafted through the warm summer air as it meandered through each room of the herculean home.
A figure of speech making a direct comparison between two unlike things using words "like" or "as"

"Her hair shimmered
water under the sun"
an object representing another to give it an entirely different meaning much deeper and more significant.


A symbol of peace, purity
two or more ideas, places, characters and their actions are placed side by side in a narrative or a poem for the purpose of developing comparisons and contrasts.
Do not go gentle into that good
Rage, rage against the dying of the

read title and make predictions about text
paraphrase the poem into your own words
examine meaning of poem, such as figurative language, imagery, sound elements
look at speakers tone or attitude
note shifts in speaker or attitude
examine title again, interpret based on information already gathered
in your own words state what the poem is about and what the author is saying about the subject

In poetry, a stanza is a division of four or more lines having a fixed length, meter or rhyming scheme
“Come, fill the Cup, and in the fire of SpringYour Winter garment of Repentance fling:The Bird of Time has but a little wayTo flutter–and the Bird is on the Wing.”
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