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The Role of English as a Lingua Franca and its Impact on Particular Societies

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Anna Bokányi

on 14 November 2014

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Transcript of The Role of English as a Lingua Franca and its Impact on Particular Societies

Avril Keehan, Lucía López-Otal, Anna Bokányi, Yu Ting He Zhang
The Role of English as a Lingua Franca and its Impact on Particular Societies
What is English as a Lingua Franca?
Barbara Seidlhofer
Is there really a Global English?
Salikoko S. Mufwene quoted D. Crystal
“they have no motivation for, nor would they be particularly invested in, speaking some sort of Standard English in cross cultural interactions”
"communication in English between speakers with different first languages"

"roughly one out of 4 users of English in the world is a native speaker"
To what extent does English impact on
particular non-native societies?
[ Spanish-speaking world, Hungary, China]
English in the
Spanish-speaking world

English in China
"From being condemned as the language of the enemy
to be crowned today as a prestigious language."
“You learn English, you are a part of the world.”
(Anne Johnson, 2009)
Balzac and the little Chinese seamstress 2002

http://www.chia-anime.com/drama/watch/chinese-movie/balzac-and-the-little-chinese-seamstress-2002/

“Learning English is not something you do or don`t want to do, you have to.”

English fever in 2008
Virtual community banned


History of Hungary in a Nutshell
Soviet occupation
1956 Revolution
"Those who are not against us are with us."
"We can claim that the attitude to foreign languages in Eastern Central Europe has always been affected by political considerations."
(Endre Lendvai)
Russian=Language of
Communism
=Compulsory=
TOTAL

FAILURE
In the past 25 years...
1989
re-educated teachers
western effects
first generation of
English speakers
Russian=exotic language
Thank You for Your Attention!
Mexico
Cuba
Spain
Dominican Republic
Puerto Rico (US)
Argentina
Chile
Uruguay
Bolivia
Paraguay
Peru
Ecuador
Colombia
Venezuela
Panama
Costa Rica
Nicaragua
Honduras
Guatemala
1st Wave of Globalisation
(Colonisation)
English in the Spanish-speaking world: an overview
The
Impact
of
English
on the Spanish language
"lunch"
"ride"
"roadtrip"
"jeans"
"cool"
"snack"
"I'll call you back"
Direct Translation:
"Te llamo p'atrás"
vs
Language policy, however...
English Proficiency Index
across Latin America
source: EF (English First) English Proficiency Index 2012 report, p. 23
Spanish in the USA:
Latinos and Codeswitching

"It cleans, sets and casts splendour"
(Official motto)
Linguistic prescription and language planning:
The Royal Spanish (Language) Academy
(2013):

17.1%
Hispanics
54 million
>
47 million
(Spain)
The Rise of
Questions?
“language that is adopted as a common language between speakers whose native languages are different”
But the big questions is could English take over the world?
Salikoko S.Mufwene
"it is the vernacular function of English in places where it has also prevailed as the dominant or only language of the economy that has fostered nation-wide monolingualism"
"Everything that we inherit, the rain, the skies, the speech, and anybody who works in the English language in Ireland knows that the dead ghost of Gaelic in the language we use and listen to and that those things will reflect our irish identity"
James McGahern
Why could English be a Lingua Franca
in Hungary?

The pride of Hungarians
like=lájkol
post=posztol
shopping=shoppingol
meeting
brainstorming
startup
selfie=szelfi
to take a selfie=szelfizni
450 million speakers worldwide
"The Alchemy of English"
(Braj Kachru, 1986)
"Language hegemony as an instrument of homogenization"
(Appadurai, 1996)
"[...]
intimacy
,
informality
,
group

identification
.
Switches to Spanish functioned to
personalize
otherwise transactional or work-related English-dominant emails."
Negrón Goldbarg (2009)
Spanglish
¡Gracias!
Köszönöm!
Full transcript