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Buddhism

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Malik Ward

on 26 November 2013

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Transcript of Buddhism

Buddhism
What you would learn
Where the idea of the religion came from
How did it spread from one place to another
The religions philosophy
There do's and dont's
How it contribute to the environment
Who practices this religion
The amount of people in the U.S who practice this religion
Buddha
Symbol for Buddhism
Origins & diffusion
of Buddhism
Buddhism originated in northern India in the 5th century B.C.E. The tradition traces its origin to Siddhartha Gautama who is typically referred to as the Buddha Siddhartha observed the suffering in the world and set out to find an antidote. Through meditation and analysis, he attained an enlightened state of being that marked the end of attachments , and ultimately, upon his death, release from the cycle of rebirth
Spreading to China
When Buddhism came to China from India in the 1st century C.E. via the Silk Road trade routes, the Chinese thought it was a version of the native Taoist tradition. Both Buddhism and Taoism had concepts of "emptiness" even though the term meant different things in each tradition. Nevertheless, this similarity caused Chinese people to refer to Buddhism as "Indian Taoism." This led to widespread acceptance within China. By 400 C.E., China was producing its own Buddhist masters and the imperial families had adopted Buddhism as their own spiritual tradition.
Spreading to Korea
When Buddhism was originally introduced to Korea from Former Qin in 372, or about 800 years after the death of the historical Buddha, Shamanism was the main religion. As it was not seen to conflict with the rites of nature worship, Buddhism was allowed to blend in with Shamanism and the mountains that were believed to be the residence of spirits in pre-Buddhist times became the sites of Buddhist temples
Spreading to Japan
Buddhism in Japan has been practiced since at least 552, though some Chinese sources place the first spreading of the religion earlier during the Kofun period (250 to 538). Buddhism has had a major influence on the culture and development of Japan over the centuries. About 90 million people in Japan, accounting for some 70 percent of the total population, are affiliated with Buddhism in some way
Spreading to the U.S.A
Buddhism was introduced into the USA by Asian immigrants in the 19th century, when significant numbers of immigrants from East Asia began to arrive in the New World. In the United States, immigrants from China entered around 1820, but began to arrive in large numbers following the 1849 California Gold Rush.
Immigrant Buddhist congregations in North America are as diverse as the different peoples of Asian Buddhist extraction who settled there. The US is home to Chinese Buddhists,
Japanese Buddhists & Korean Buddhists,
So who practice Buddhism
Q- Who practices Buddhism ?
A- People who practice Buddhism are called Bhikku
and Bhikkunis they are often referred as monks.Their lifestyle is shaped to support their spiritual practice, to live a simple and meditative life, and attain Nirvana.
Philosophy of Buddhism
The Buddha discouraged his followers from indulging in intellectual disputation for its own sake, which is fruitless, and distracting from true awakening. Nevertheless, the delivered sayings of the Buddha contain a philosophical component, in its teachings on the working of the mind, and its criticisms of the philosophies of his contemporaries.
According to the scriptures, during his lifetime the Buddha remained silent when asked several metaphysical questions. These regarded issues such as whether the universe is eternal or non-eternal the unity or separation of the body and the self, the complete nonexistence of a person after Nirvana and death, and others.
In 2012, U-T San Diego estimated U.S. practitioners at 1.2 million people, of whom 40% are living in Southern California. It is the fourth most practiced religion in the U.S. today, and there also are accounts where followers of Christianity and Judaism have converted to Buddhism.
How many people in the U.S practice Buddhism?
Do's
1.Pay respect with body and/or mind.
To pay respect to Buddha doesn’t mean one has to be a Buddhist. If one behaves with respect towards the father of a friend, one should treat Buddha likewise, for he is worshiped as the enlightened father.
Dont's
Buddha images should be placed away from objects of daily use such as handkerchiefs, napkins, towels, rags or cleaning item . Also do not use for the lower part of the body shoes, underwear, skirts including all sorts of toys and furniture etc.
True Buddhists who see a Buddha image placed with objects as mentioned will feel very unhappy and may become subject to conflict arising from such situations.
Do's & Dont's
2.If you see a picture or statue of Buddha in inappropriate places such as the floor or in a chair help place it in a proper place such as a self
3. If you are a Buddhist inform those who have the wish to know about Buddha
Bibliography
- Buddhism Key ideas by Mel Thompson
"Basic of Buddhism." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 22 Nov. 2013.
<http://www.pbs.org/edens/thailand/buddhism.htm>.

"American Buddhism on the Rise." The Christian Science Monitor. The Christian
Science Monitor, 14 Sept. 2006. Web. 24 Nov. 2013.
<http://www.csmonitor.com/2006/0914/p14s01-lire.html>.
Three Main Aspects of Buddhism
Four Noble Truths:
The first truth identifies the presence of suffering. The second seeks to determine the cause of suffering. The third suggests either the the end of suffering in life, on earth, or in spirit through achieving Nirvana. The Fourth Noble truth charts the method for attaining the end of suffering, known to Buddhists as the Noble Eightfold Path.
Karma
Karma refers to good or bad actions a person takes during her lifetime. Good actions, which involve either the absence of bad actions, or actual positive acts, such as generosity, righteousness, and meditation, bring about happiness in the long run. Bad actions, such as lying, stealing or killing, bring about unhappiness in the long run. The weight that actions carry is determined by five conditions: frequent, repetitive action; determined, intentional action; action performed without regret; action against extraordinary persons; and action toward those who have helped one in the past. Finally, there is also neutral karma, which derives from acts such as breathing, eating or sleeping. Neutral karma has no benefits or costs.
The Cycle of Rebirth
There are six separate planes into which any living being can be reborn: three fortunate realms, and three unfortunate realms. Those with favorable, positive karma are reborn into one of the fortunate realms: the realm of demigods, the realm of gods, and the realm of men, while inhabitants of the three unfortunate realms: of animals, ghosts and hell. Entities in the three unfortunate realms suffer untold suffering.
4.Dont tattoo an image of a Buddha o your body
5.Cover yourself. Your shoulders should be covered. Wear long pants but not jeans.
6. Remove your shoes and leave it outside of the main worship area. Remove your hat and turn off all mobile devices/ remove headphones.
Don't have uncessary conversations.
No smokin or chewing gum in the area of worship.
Never touch or sit close to a Buddah statue. Don't climb on it either. Once leaving the worship area back away from the statue before turning your back.
Dont point at things or people around you.
7.When indicating something raise your right hand's palm upward.
Never point your feet towards a person or at the image of Buddha.
8.When the monks or nuns come in stand up as a sign of respect and once they have finished their prostrations (the action of lying stretched out on the ground) sit back down.
Use your right hand only when giving or receiving something from a monk.
Rodgers, Gregory. "Visiting Buddhist Temples - Do's and Don'ts for Buddhist Temples." About.com Southeast Asia Travel. About.com, n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013.
"Knowing Buddha Organization." Knowing Buddha Organization. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013.
Suchismita , Sen. World Religions. Viral Dholabhai, n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. <http://worldreligions.psu.edu/>.
Anonymous. "Buddhism - ReligionFacts." Religion, World Religions, Comparative Religion - Just the facts on the world's religions. ReligionFacts, n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013.
Conflict in Buddhism
The China-Tibet conflict is often viewed as an ethnic and/or religious conflict. This is understandable, given the prominence of ethnicity and religion in the conflict. First, while the native inhabitants of the Tibetan plateau are Tibetans, the majority ethnic group in China is Han Chinese. The Chinese government is made up mostly of Han Chinese, and it does not have a strong record of dealing with China's ethnic minorities — like Tibetans — in a fair way. Secondly, virtually all Tibetans are Buddhists, while ethnic Han Chinese are generally not, even though the Chinese people are becoming increasingly religious — including Buddhist — now that the ideology of Communism has collapsed in China. Moreover, the Chinese government has a history of persecuting religious movements, especially those which draw large numbers of followers and which have the potential to transform into political movements that could potentially threaten the government's hold on power. Tibetan Buddhism has this kind of following and transformative potential. For these reasons, headlines from the Tibet conflict often paint a picture of intense religious and ethnic conflict.
Burial Practices
The early Buddhists followed the Indian custom of burning the body at death. The Buddha’s body was cremated and this set the example for many Buddhists, even in the West. When someone is dying in a Buddhist home, monks come to comfort them by chanting verses to them, such as:

"Even the gorgeous royal chariots wear out; and indeed this body too wears out. But the teaching of goodness does not age; and so Goodness makes that known to the good ones."

After death, while the dead person is being prepared for the funeral fire, the monks continue to chant in order to help the dead one’s good energies to be released from their fading personality.

The monks come with the family to the funeral. The family and all their friends give food and candles to the monks. Goodwill is created by these gifts and it is believed that the goodwill helps the lingering spirit of the dead person.

In Buddhism, death marks the transition from this life to the next for the deceased.
Among Buddhists death is regarded as an occasion of major religious significance, both for the deceased and for the survivors. For the deceased it marks the moment when the transition begins to a new mode of existence within the round of rebirths. When death occurs, all the karmic forces that the dead person accumulated during the course of his or her lifetime become activated and determine the next rebirth. For the living, death is a powerful reminder of the Buddha's teaching on impermanence; it also provides an opportunity to assist the deceased person as he or she fares on to the new existence.
Chaitya
Places of Worship
Jingk-ji
Places of Worship
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