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What is Plagiarism?

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Elizabeth Roberson

on 15 January 2016

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Transcript of What is Plagiarism?

What is Plagiarism?
By: Elizabeth Roberson
Adapted from: Dragana Dupres
"Using words, images, or processes, that have only been changed slightly without attribution."
(Burnett, 2005, p. 214)
Information considered common knowledge does NOT need to be cited.
George Washington was the first president of the United States.
The Chinese fishing industry produces 800,000 tons of fish annually.
Maine has a lower yearly average temperature than Florida.
Capitals of states
Dates of wars
The names of the planets
Capitals of countries
Women and minorities make up 52 percent of the workers in American businesses.
"...Using someone else's ideas without giving them credit for it. It's using other people's work and saying that you came up with it."
(Paz, Szilagyi, Tess, & Torrealba, 2010)
Sincerest Form of Flattery?
"Using someone else's unique or distinctive ideas without attribution"
(Burnett, 2005, p. 214)
"Using the words of a source too closely when paraphrasing (where quotation marks should have been used) or building on someone's ideas without citing their spoken or written work"
(Stolley & Brizee, 2010)
"Using someone else's unique or distinctive processes without attribution"
(Burnett, 2005, p. 214)
Cell phone use while driving affects the left side of the brain.
The whaling industry in nineteenth-century America collapsed when flexible steel hoops replaced whalebone in women's corsets.
"Using exact quotations from documents, presentations, Web sites, or visual designs and images without attribution"
(Burnett, 2005, p. 214)
Smoking kills over 418,ooo people every year in the United States.
Penguines have an organ that converts seawater to freshwater.
"The decision was made to discontinue experiment A due to high levels of radiation."

The decision was made to discontinute experiment A due to high levels of radiation.
"The decision was made to discontinue experiment A due to high levels of radiation."

Experiment A was discontinued because radiation levels were too high.
"Experiment B was found to be more appropriate as we were able to reduce levels of radiation by processes x, y, and z."

I reduced levels of radiation within my work so that the experiment could be continued.
Damages your credibility
Can lead to academic disciplinary action
Can lead to legal action
Rejection of your work
Moves original author(s), at best, into the shadows
Brings your work into question
Ways to Avoid Plagiarism
Keep a running list of citations as you conduct your research
Write things word for word on notecards with full citations on the back.
Keep a checklist of works you've cited within your draft
If you need to look it up and you include it in your work, you probably need to cite it.
If in doubt, cite!
Every line, every visual, every thought taken from another source must include a citation.
Paraphrasing needs to contain another's work only, without your commentary. As a result, cite.
Avoid shortcuts!
Don't leave work until the last minute.
Take thorough notes.
Ask your instructor.
Don't give into tempation.
Names of reality t.v. stars
Pythagorean Theorem
Ohm's Law
The fahrenheit temperature at which water freezes
Lyrics to the Canadian nathional anthem
American Chestnut trees are nearly extinct.
Poodles are friendlier than Dalmatians.

Importance of attribution. (2010). The Chicago manual of style: The essential guide for writers,
editors, and publishers (16 ed., p. 190). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Kupres, D. (2011, February 16). "Uvod u e-learning managing." Available from

Moss, S. (2005, November 23). A history of plagiarism: Not my own work. "The Guardian (London),"
Final Edition, 2.

Paz, E., Szilagyi, S., Tess, J., & Torrealba, J. (2010, April 22). "Plagiarism rehabilitation in the writing
center." Available from http://prezi.com/yjcebzmurwyt/plagiarism-rehabilitation-in-the-writing-

Stolley, K. & A. Brizee. (2010, April 21). Is it plagiarism yet?. Retrieved from

Toussaint-Samat, M. (1994). "A history of food." Wiley-Blackwell.

xtra normal (Producer). (2009, May 18). Prof s on plagiarism!. Available from
"...Defined as using work that has already been produced by either another person or yourself and not giving credit to that person. In addition is has to be hurting someone for it to be considered plagiarism."
(Paz, Szilagyi, Tess, & Torrealba, 2010).
"...Stealing someone else's original idea and portraying it as your own without giving credit to the original author. A citation is needed to give credit to another for their thought."
(Paz, Szilagyi, Tess, & Torrealba, 2010)
"...Using the words or ideas of others in a written work, without giving them the proper credit."
(Paz, Szilagyi, Tess, & Torrealba, 2010)
"...Using the ideas, words, or thoughts of someone else for the benefit of increasing your status whether in education, work, or the public eye and not giving them credit for providing you with such resources."
(Paz, Szilagyi, Tess, & Torrealba, 2010)
How have students defined plagiarism in the past?
Plagiarism Defined:
Examples of Plagiarism
Repercussions of Plagiarism
Test Yourself:
Common Knowledge
Common Knowledge
Common Knowledge
Is it common knowledge or should it be cited?
"The term plagiarism includes, but is not limited to: (i) use by paraphrase or direct quotation of the published or unpublished work of another person without fully and properly crediting the author with footnotes, citations or bibliographical reference; (ii) unacknowledged use of materials perpared by another person or agency engaged in the selling of term papers or other academic materials; or (iii) unacknowledged use of original work/material that has been produced through collaboration with others without release in writing from collaborators."
(Missouri S&T)
Full transcript