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Wines Of The World (Daniela)
Transcript of Wines Of The World (Daniela)
A Group 3 Presentation
Wines Of The World
First documented evidence of Riesling was in 1435 in the Rheingau, a region of Germany, along the Rhine River, 20 minutes from Frankfurt. The vine of the Riesling grape covers 21,700 hectares of Germany (20%) Whereas in Rheingau, the home of Riesling, the vine covers 80% of the land.
Riesling is best suited to Northern wine growing areas due to the lengthy ripening period. This grape ripens to perfection by Autumn.
The Riesling grape is very aromatic and originates from Germany. It has a pae green skin and is a variety of Vitis Vinifera, which prefers cooler regions for optimum growing conditions. It is a very hardy vine that is frost and drought resistant. If the site is too hot, it causes loss of delicateness and scent characteristics. (Rieslingchallenge.com)
Most Wine Historians believed Riesling originated from Mosel, Germany, But reliable documentation was uncovered and supported by acclaimed British wine critic, Stuart Pigott, that a monastery in Rheingau, Kloster was making Riesling as early as 1435.
Stuart Pigott noted that the earliest reliable records are from an invoice written by the estate manager of Count von Katezenellenbogen for Rielsing grapes to be planted in his vineyard at Russelsheim on the Main near Rheingau in 1435. (Prass and Blass)
Riesling is a very versatile wine and can be paired with any number of cuisines, including, Mexican, Asian and European. Pairings are dependant on wine finish.
Dry:- Seafood, pasta or pork
Medium Sweet: Fish, cheese, BBQ Chicken.
Sweet: Spicy food, Blue cheese
Dessert style: Fruit tart, ice cream, Brulee.
A red wine variety from the Bordeaux
region of France, it is the most widely
planted species only matched by it close
cousin Cabernet Sauvignon.
It is grown around the world in more
temperate climates and is popular in
such countries such as America, Italy
and Chile. (Reeve, 2014)
Reeve, J. ( 2014).
The Wine Cellar Insider
. (2015). Retrieved from
Puckette, M. (2013).
Carty, S.L. (2015).
Love to know.
Vitis vinifera 'merlot'
The grape is of a dark bluish/black colour
and is used as a varietal or for blending. The
grapes are of a medium size and the vines
produce medium to large clusters. It has a
higher sugar content and lower acidity than
cabernet grapes and is often used to soften
other varietals, Cab Merlot being one example.
(The Wine Cellar Insider, 2015)
Port wine originates from Portugal on the banks of the Duoro River, which is located 80 kilometers from the coast in the Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro province. (Wines of Portugal, 2010) The vines are planted on steep and remote inclines alongside several other varieties of grapes and tends to grow in cooler temperatures. (Taylor’s Port, 2013)
A diversity of 30 types red grapes are used to create Port including Touriga Nacional, Touriga Francesa and Tinta Barroca. Port is categorised as a fortified wine, meaning a percentage of grape spirit or brandy is added to the wine during the production process (Taylor’s Port, 2013). Port has a higher percentage of alcohol than other wines and is also prominently sweeter (Stacy Slinkard, n.d., para 3).
The name ‘Port’ originates from the city ‘Oporto’, which is located along Rio Duoro. (IntoWine, 1996-2004, para. 4). The earliest recording of shipment of Port was in 1678 and was sold nation-wide in Portugal and exported to European countries including the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. (Taylor’s Port, 2013)
Port can be paired with a variety of foods depending on the type of Port.
Full bodied Ports: Variety of cheeses and chocolates.
Rich Ports: Different bakes such as tarts and pies.
Vintage Ports: Rich flavoured cheeses, dried fruits such as apricots or figs.
White Ports: Salted almonds, olives, soups. (Taylor’s Port, 2013)
Because Merlot is positioned in the middle of the red wine spectrum, it matches well with a variety of foods such as white meats (chicken,duck and pork) pasta and lightly spiced dark meats and stews such as Beef Bourguignon. Many types of cheeses match well and for some, dark chocolate. It generally doesn't pair well with green leafy vegetables or fish. ( Puckette, 2013).
Merlot can be genetically traced back to the
the first century A.D but the traditional variety
from the Bordeaux and Medoc regions of
France first appear in the early 19th century and
is believed to be an offshoot of the Cabernet Franc
varietal. The name Merlot means 'little blackbird'
in french and is a variation of the word Merle in the
Bordeaux patois. (Carty, 2015)
Daniela Dicosmo - Pinot Gris
Peter Robson - Merlot
Sharon Rundle - Riesling
Kenny Tan - Port
With its freshness, zest and acidity, Pinot Gris pairs well with vegetables, fish and shellfish, such as mussels, clams, oysters, chicken, turkey and cured meats like pork and duck. It also pairs well with light meals, and for Pinot Gris grown in Australia or America, rich creamy meals.
Puckette, M. (2013). What’s the Difference Between Pinot Gris and Pinot Grigio? Retrieved April 21, 2015, from http://winefolly.com/review/whats-the-difference-between-pinot-gris-and-pinot-grigio/
Pinot Gris of Alsace. (n.d.). Retrieved April 20, 2015, from http://www.alsace-wine.net/d/pinotgris.shtml
Smith, R. (2003). Pinot Gris. Retrieved April 19, 2015, from http://iv.ucdavis.edu/Viticultural_Information/?uid=27&ds=351
Pinot Grigio. (n.d.). Retrieved April 20, 2015, from http://www.jancisrobinson.com/learn/grape-varieties/white/pinot-grigio
Korpesio, K. Pinot Gris & Pinot Grigio in Australia. Retrieved April 21, 2015, from http://www.agfg.com.au/blog/post/Pinot-Gris-Pinot-Grigio-in-Australia.aspx
Pinot Grigio Grapes And Wines. (May 16, 2014). Retrieved April 23, 2015, from http://tasting-wine.com/types-of-wine/pinot-grigio-grapes-and-wines/
Grape Varieties. (n.d.), Retrieved April 23, 2105, from http://www.taylorswines.com.au/food-and-wine/grape-varieties
Riesling. (n.d.). Retrieved April 17, 2015, from http://www.german-fine-wine.com/riesling-more/riesling-grape/
Prass, G., & Blass, W. (2002, January 1). Riesling A Concise History. Retrieved April 17, 2015, from http://www.rieslingchallenge.com/about/history-of-riesling
Food & Riesling. (2009, January 1). Retrieved April 17, 2015, from http://rieslingrules.com/the_book/food-riesling/
Pinot Gris originated from Hungary, and in the sixteenth century, Lazare de Schwendi brought the vines to Alsace, France. Pinot Gris was first labelled as Tokay d'Alsace as it had come from Hungary. It was then known as Tokay Pinot Gris and in 2007, it was finally known as Pinot Gris (Pinot Gris of Alsace, n.d., para 3). In 1832, James Busby brought Pinot Gris to Australia and is now grown in the Mornington Peninsula, Yarra Valley, Adelaide Hills and Tasmania Pinot White Wines for Romance (Korpesio, n.d., para 4).
To maintain the low acidity of Pinot Gris, it is typically grown in cool climates and over a longer growing period. (Smith, 2013). Pinot Gris originated from Hungary is now grown in France, Italy, Australia, New Zealand, Oregon and California. (Pinot Grigio Grapes And Wines, 2014)
Pinot Gris is made from grapes ranging from grey-blue in colour to brownish pink, with some vines containing all colours (Pinot Grigio. (n.d.), 2015). The same grapes are used to make Pinot Grigio and Pinot Noir. However, with Pinot Gris, the grapes are picked when they are more mature giving the wine more body and texture with a stronger smell. (Grape Varieties, n.d., para 11)
Douro Valley Wine Region (World Heritage, n.d.)
Wines of Portugal: Overview. (2010) Retrieved April 17 from
Taylor’s Port (2013) What is Port Wine?: History of Port. Retrieved April 17 from
Taylor’s Port (2013) What is Port Wine?: Introduction to Port. Retrieved April 17 from
Taylor’s Port (2013) What is Port Wine?: How is Port Made? Retrieved April 17 from
Stacy Slinkard, (n.d.). Port wine: Port – the World’s Most Famous Fortified Wine.
Retrieved April 17 from
IntoWine (1996-2004). Port Wine: Portugal’s Duoro Valley, Making Port Wine & the History of Port.
Retrieved April 17 from
Taylor’s Port (2013). What is Port Wine?: The Birth of Port. Retrieved April 17 from
Taylor’s Port (2013). Enjoying Port: When to Serve Port? Retrieved April 17 from
Alto Douro Wine Region
Dallas City Shopping Blog
The history of Port wine (Dallas City Shopping Blog, 2015)
Port wine can be served with a variety of appetizers. (Taylor's Port, 2013)
Map of Douro Valley Port Vineyards (Graham's Port, n.d.)