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THE NIAGARA ESCARPMENT

GCD1D1 Matrix
by

Lauren Wu

on 18 January 2016

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Transcript of THE NIAGARA ESCARPMENT

WILDLIFE
WHAT MAKES THIS A SPECIAL PLACE FOR PEOPLE
WHAT MAKES THIS A VALUABLE PLACE
-The Niagara Escarpment encompasses wetlands, wildlife habitats, historic sites, clear streams, and scenic views
$1.25
Wednesday, October 28, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
WHAT IS THE NIAGARA ESCARPMENT
THE NIAGARA ESCARPMENT
IMPORTANCE OF THE NIAGARA ESCARPMENT
THE NIAGARA ESCARPMENT SOARS 510 METERS HIGH AND STRETCHES 725 KILOMETERS FROM NIAGARA TO TOBERMORY
The Niagara Escarpment is home to some of the oldest trees in Eastern North America
37 types of wild orchids can be found in the Niagara escarpment
-The Niagara Escarpment formed over 450 million years ago
-It was formed during the Ordovician-Silurian periods of the Paleozoic Era
-It encircles the Michigan Basin in a horseshoe pattern
-The Escarpment encompasses farms, recreational areas, cliffs, clear streams, wetlands, waterfalls, wildlife habitats, historic sites, etc.
-The Niagara Escarpment was declared a UNESCO world biosphere reserve in 1990
Jefferson Salamander
White Footed Mouse
Eastern White Cedar
American Robin
Cottontail Rabbits
Woodchucks
-The Niagara Escarpment is a large ridge of fossil rich sedimentary rock
-The escarpment is mostly made out of shale and dolostone. Shale is a relatively soft rock, and dolostone is more resistant.
-Because of that, over time unequal erosion caused softer rocks to weather away and gradual removal undercuts the dolostone, leaving an escarpment
-The Niagara Escarpment supports a variety of ecosystems
-Many of the species are unique to this area and found nowhere else in Canada
The Northern dusky salamanders are one of the many endangered species found here in the escarpment
The Niagara Escarpment boasts breathtaking scenery
THE IMPORTANCE OF THE ESCARPMENT
AGRICULTURE AND WIND POWER
-Fertile soil laid down during the glaciation era makes the escarpment a prime area for agriculture
-Parts of the Niagara Escarpment have strong winds that are ideal for wind power generation, which is one of the fastest growing alternative energy sources in the world
-Microclimatic effects makes the escarpment experience excellent growing conditions that now comprises of vineyards, orchards, and some of Ontario's best farmland

Stunning waterfalls, fabulous vistas, cliffs, etc.
It motivates people to access green space to walk and reflect on
Caves to explore, hiking experiences along the Bruce Trail, etc.
Some of Ontario's best skiing, camping, swimming, fishing, boating, hiking, and other activities
-The climate develops the optimum sugar content for grapes, and because of that, Ontario's wine industry has grown rapidly over the last few decades
-Rich in non-renewable energy (open pit mining for limestone aggregate) and renewable energy (wind power generation)
-The escarpment also has many valuable reference sites for environmental research, monitoring, and educational activities

Biodiversity & Me (p. 2). (2010). Ontario.

Caufield. (2013). Geo-Coursepack (pp. 76-77). Markham: YRDSB.

Sherwood. (2011, September 11). The Niagara Escarpment: Wisconsin's eighth natural wonder. Retrieved October 28, 2014, from http://onmilwaukee.com/visitors/articles/niagaraescarpment.html

The Niagara Escarpment is a crown jewel among precious rocks in Ontario (n.d.). Retrieved October 28, 2014, from http://www.niagaraescarpment.org/index.php?option=com_morfeoshow&task=view&gallery=1&Itemid=15

The Niagara Escarpment. (n.d.). Retrieved October 28, 2014, from http://brucetrail.org/pages/about-us/the-niagara-escarpment

WORKS CITED
Basho. Wikipedia. N.p., 26 Jan. 2003. Web. 29 Oct. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bruce-Trail-bmountain.jpg>.
Basho. Wikipedia. N.p., 26 Jan. 2003. Web. 29 Oct. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Niagara-Escarpment-Rattlesnake.jpg>.
Bruce Trail Conservancy. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2014. <http://brucetrail.org/pages/about-us/the-niagara-escarpment>.
Digital image. REDC. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2014. <http://www.peopleforcaledon.com/images/NiagaraEscarpment.jpg>.
Info Niagara. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2014. <http://www.infoniagara.com/recreation/niagara_escarpment/images/niagara_escarpment.jpg>.
McCaw, Robert. Habitat Campaign. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2014. <http://brucetrail.org/pages/donate/habitat-campaign>.
Niagara Escarpment Ontario. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2014. <http://www.niagaraescarpmentontario.ca/images/storelocator/greysauble/larger/GSCA_Bruces_Caves.jpg>.
Ski Resorts. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2014. <http://www.ski-resorts.ca/wp-content/uploads/gleneden.jpg>.
SONSI. N.p., 14 Sept. 2011. Web. 29 Oct. 2014. <http://sonsi.ca/event-photo-album/events-2011/ancient-cedars-at-mount-nemo-field-trip/img_0763/>.
The Niagara Escarpment: Overview. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2014. <http://www.giantsrib.ca/the-niagara-escarpment-overview/>.
Travel and Transitions. N.p., Dec. 2010. Web. 29 Oct. 2014. <http://www.travelandtransitions.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/ontario-canada-niagara-escarpment.jpg>.
Virginia Herpetological Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2014. <http://www.virginiaherpetologicalsociety.com/amphibians/salamanders/northern-dusky-salamander/Northern%20dusky%20salamander%20(Desmognathus%20fuscus%20fuscus)0004.jpg>.
Wikipedia. N.p., 22 Dec. 2005. Web. 29 Oct. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Niagara_Escarpment_map.png>.
WORKS CITED FOR IMAGES
The escarpment holds good materials for mining which holds the most valuable activities for the amount of land it disturbs
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