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kyle kelly

on 22 October 2015

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Developmental Disabilities: Autism Sprectrum Disorder & Down Syndrome
How are they defined?
Optional resources
Snapshot Preview
Autism and Down Syndrome
The Lucky Few ... meet Mildred Pearl
How are these disabilities identified?
Best practices for education
Considerations: Current trends/issues
Best Practices --
Finding What Works
Research has shown that therapies focusing on behavior and communication can be helpful

Some drugs may also reduce specific related symptoms, but no medications have been federally approved for treating the main symptoms of autism

The earlier autism is diagnosed, the sooner specific therapy can begin

“Because autism is such a complicated
disorder, no one therapy fits everyone.”
— Dr. Connie Kasari,
child development expert at UCLA
Early Indicators and Diagnoses
Down Syndrome:
can be detected in utero
or soon after baby's birth
Chorionic villus sampling (CVS) of material from the placenta

Amniocentesis — examines amniotic fluid (from the sac surrounding baby)

Percutaneous umbilical blood sampling (PUBS) from the umbilical cord

These tests look for changes in the chromosomes that may indicate a Down syndrome diagnosis

** At birth it is not possible to tell the level of intelligence a baby with DS will have
The Lucky Few
On a final note
Condition in which a child is born with an extra chromosome, which is a small "package" of genes in the body. Babies are typically born with 46 chromosomes.
Those with Down Syndrome have an extra copy of one of these gene "packages," specifically Chromosome 21.
The medical term for having an extra copy of a chromosome is ‘trisomy’ ... hence Trisomy 21 (T-21).
For your Consideration:
Trends and Issues
A little extra help
Autistic students have been provided with:
Seating away from windows (thunder can be alarming)
Modifications for assignments
Special accommodations with instructions
A great video to help students learn about how we're not very different after all
Many websites and groups are accessible as a support and resource for parents of children with special needs
Check with your district! See what's available to educators
For your information ...
Born May 28, 2015, at 6:01 pm
6 lbs., 15 oz. ... 19 in. long
* initially in NICU for respiratory distress, but otherwise healthy and HAPPY
Overall statistics show a 1 in 285 chance of babies being born with Down Syndrome ...
Mom's prenatal tests showed Millie's chances of the developmental disability were 1 in 11
Disability that may cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges
There are no physical indicators, but those with ASD may communicate, interact, behave, and learn in ways that are different from many others
Learning, thinking, as well as problem-solving abilities range from gifted to severely challenged
Autism Spectrum Disorder can be diagnosed via two assessments
Developmental Screening —
a short test that helps assess whether children are learning basic skills when they should,
or if they might have delays

Comprehensive Diagnostic Evaluation — a thorough review that may include looking at the child’s behavior and development, an interview with parent(s), as well as a hearing and vision screening, genetic testing, neurological testing, and other medical testing
** Now includes several conditions that were once individually diagnosed: autistic disorder, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), and Asperger syndrome
What Works (continued)
Intelligence in individuals with Down Syndrome ranges from low normal to very slow to learn

All areas of development including motor skills, language, intellectual abilities, and social and adaptive skills are followed closely in children who have been diagnosed with Down Syndrome

Early referral, since birth, to an early intervention program will help enhance development

Educational programs for children with Down syndrome include physical, occupational, speech and educational therapies
Various alternative treatments for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder have been explored. Included are:
Hyperbaric oxygen treatments
Therapy activities (using horses, dolphins, dance, hugs, art, and/or music)
Inclusion is an ongoing goal within social and educational spectra.
Full transcript