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Erika Rodgers

on 8 October 2013

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Transcript of Leadership

Section 10.6 - 10.7
Group Leadership Approaches and Leadership Effectiveness
Approaches to Leadership
• Trait Theory of Leadership
• Styles Theory of Leadership
• Situational Leadership Theory
Trait Theory of Leadership
Based on the belief that leaders are born, not made
Styles Theory of Leadership
A collection of specific behaviors that constitute three distinct leadership styles: autocratic, democratic, and laissez-faire.
Situational Leadership Theory
Autocratic Leaders
Try to control the direction and the outcome of a discussion
Make many of the group’s decisions
Give orders
Expect followers to obey orders
Focus on achieving the group’s task
Take credit for successful results
Democratic Leaders
Promote social equality
Share decision making with the group
Helps the group plan a course of action
Focus on the group’s morale
Give the entire group credit for success
Laissez-faire Leaders
Let the group take charge of all decisions and actions
Perfect leadership style for highly productive groups
How to Become a Leader:
Talk early and often
Know more and share it
Offer your opinion and welcome disagreement

Explains how leaders can become more effective by analyzing themselves, their group, and the context in order to find or create an ideal match between leaders and leadership roles
Task-motivated Leaders
Want to get the job done
Tend to focus more on completing a task than on group morale
Relationship-motivated Leaders
Gain satisfaction from working well with other people even if the cost is failing to complete a task
Leader-member relations
Assess how well a leader gets along with group members and whether the group is cooperative and supportive
Can be positive, neutral, or negative
Task Structure
Assesses how a group organizes or plans a specific task
Can range from disorganized and chaotic to highly organized and rule driven
The amount of control the leader possesses
5-M Model of Leadership Effectiveness

An integrated model of leadership effectiveness that emphasizes specific communication strategies and skills
Project an image of confidence, competence, and trustworthiness
Support the group
Speak and listen effectively
Behave consistently and assertively
Confront problems head on
Leaders guide, develop, support, defend and inspire group members
Group members make judgments about doing the group’s work
Effective Leaders:
Organized and fully prepared for all group meetings
Adapt to group members strengths and weaknesses
Help solve problems
Know when to monitor and when to intervene
Effective Leaders:
Making Decisions
Leaders are willing and able to make appropriate, timely, and responsible decisions
Motivate people a to set high standards
Encourage people to seek advice
Cultivate the characteristics of an excellent leader in others
Strategy for Making Decisions
Make sure everyone has and shares info needed to make a quality decision
Discuss your pending decision and solicit feedback
Listen to opinions, arguments, and suggestions
Explain your reasoning for making your decision and communicate your decision to everyone

Effective Leaders:
Making Decisions
Autocratic Leaders
Democratic Leaders
Trait Theory
Task-motivated Leaders
Relationship-motivated Leaders
Leader-member relations, Task structure, and Power
Group Leadership Approaches:
Trait Theory of Leadership
Styles Theory of Leadership
Situational Leadership Theory
Leadership Effectiveness (5-M Model):
Making Decisions
Situational Chart
Full transcript