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Techniques of Play Therapy
Transcript of Techniques of Play Therapy
Welcome to the Playroom
We will give the child a choice and let
him/her guide us.
We will accept a child's need to "play out" his/her emotions.
Incorporating What We've Learned
8 BASIC PRINCIPLES OF NONDIRECTIVE PLAY THERAPY
What are the rules of
Video Outlining Play Therapy
http:// www. youtube.com/watch?v=fmKxvTtS Woc
"Today we are going to have some special time in this special room. In here you can do almost anything you want to do. If there is something you cannot do, I will let you know."
The therapist must develop a warm, friendly relationship with the child, in which good rapport is established as soon as possible.
The therapist accepts the child exactly as he/she is.
The therapist establishes a feeling of permissiveness in the relationship so that the child feels free to express his feelings completely.
The therapist is alert to recognize the feelings the child is expressing and reflects those feelings back to him in such a manner that he gains insight into his behavior.
The therapist maintains a deep respect for the child's ability to resolve his own problems if given an opportunity to do so. The responsibility to make choices and to institute changes is the child's.
The therapist does not attempt to direct the child's action or conversation in any manner. The child leads the way; the therapist follows.
The therapist does not attempt to hurry the therapy along. It is a gradual process and is recognized as such by the therapist.
The therapist establishes only those limitations that are necessary to anchor the therapy to the world of reality and to make the child aware of his responsibility in the relationship.
Various examples of play therapy activities
The Tracking Rules
Describe what you see.
Let the child lead.
Don't name anything unless the child has already named it. Use "this" or "that."
Speak in the third person about rules.
Never ask a question.
Don't answer a child's question.
Be non-evaluative. Never use praise.
Encourage - "In here you can...."
Don't do for the child what he/she can do for
We will incorporate an understanding for a child's need for play.
We will have patience with children and let them lead the way.
1. The child must not
intentionally hurt him/herself, the toys or the therapist.
2. The toys have to stay in the room.
3. When the time is up, the child and therapist must leave the playroom.
Wording for setting Limits
Speak in the third person.
"The rule is people are not for hurting."
"The rule is the toys are not for breaking."
"The rule is we have to leave when the time is up."
"You wish you could take the toy home, but the rule is the toys stay in the playroom."
If the child breaks a limit, call the limit. If there isn't a positive response, call the limit again. If the child still does not respond positively; say, "The car is not for breaking and since it is still being broken, we have to leave the room."
Then take the child's hand and leave the room.
Messages Gleaned from Tracking
"I am here." and "I hear" are the most important.
"I understand" is the third most important.
"I care" is the end result!
Five minutes before time is up, tell the child, "We have five more minutes in our special playtime today." Again when there are two minutes left, say, "Mary, we have two minutes left now." When the time is up announce, "Mary our time is over for today." Leave immediately. If the child does not come, call the limit. The therapist cleans up the room, not the child.