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Major Red Grapes

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Vivian Pham

on 11 April 2014

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Transcript of Major Red Grapes

Major Red Grapes
Cabernet Sauvignon
About Merlot:
Dark blue-colored wine grape
Blends very well w/ Cabernet
Widely successful around the world
Pleasing wine consumers in the Old World, especially New World, and specifically the United States
The King of the Red Wine Grapes
Why is
Cabernet Sauvignon
So Successful?
Highly adaptable to different climates and soil type
Blends well with other grapes
Unique intense Cabernet character
Wine Characteristics
Medium-bodied to full-bodied
Firms tannins
Aromas and flavors
Dark fruit-plum, blackberry, blackcurrant raisin
Oak-oak, cedar, vanilla, smoke, pepper
Complex-chocolate, coffee, tobacco, earth, herb
Food Pairing
Red meats, flavorful and hearty pastas, lamb, strong-flavored cheeses and chocolates (esp. dark)
Cabernet on Prozac
Wine Characteristics
Features aromas & flavors
ripe, sweet chocolate-covered black cherries tinged with oaky vanilla overtones, complete w/ silky texture
No rough edges and poses little or no challenge to drinker's palette or to his or her food
Has low levels of tannin and acid
Does not require a lot of thought and analysis to enjoy
more of a one-night stand than a long term relationship
Ksenia Stewart
Maggie Tam
Tri (Anna) Nguyen
Vivian Pham

Pinot Noir
Great vines make great wines
rest of Europe:
Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova
the United States:

In CA, a lot of Merlot is planted in the very warm Central Valley
Simple, easy-to-drink good values
Goes well with burgers, sandwiches, or pizzas
Wines produced in Napa, Sonoma, and Mendocino are darker in color, more concentrated in flavor, & feature ripe-to-overripe fruit flavors in an often full-bodied & massive high alcohol
Wine in Napa Valley can be very expensive & hard to find
South America: Chile
& New Zealand
Most planted grape in the
Bordeaux region of France
Merlot is affordable & tastes good to most wine consumers
About $ for a bottle of wine
Origination = Bordeaux, France

Almost in every wine producing country in the world
Italy, Spain, other European countries, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Argentina, Chile, and the USA

Character of Wine
Dark full bodied
Often blended
Aroma: berries, chocolate, black pepper

Red Grapes Are All About the Skin:
Red Wines are produced with a lot of skin
Rosés are made with a little bit of skin
Wine Glasses Matter!
Wines can smell and taste very different in different vessels
Most wine is served in a glass that has a gently curved rim at the top to help contain the aromas in the glass. The thinner the glass and the finer the rim, the better.
A flaring, trumpet-shaped class dissipates the aromas.
There is a right and wrong way to hold a wine glass. Wine glasses should always be held by the stem and not the bowl because the heat of the hand will raise the temperature of the wine.
Planted in almost all of the wine regions of the world except for the absolutely cold places
Red Wine Facts: To Age or Not to Age?
○ It is a common misconception that all wines improve with age. In fact, more than 90 percent of all wines should be consumed within one year.
○ The three major collectibles that should age more than 10 years are: a very good Châteaux of Bordeaux, the best producers of California Cabernet Sauvignon, and the finest producers of vintage port.
○ Red wines loses color with age, they begin at purple and scale all the way to brown.
It has a long history in southeastern France
Biggest regions include:
Rhone Valley France
US California & Washington
New World vs. Old World Wine
Old world wine is from Italy and France
considered more acidic w/ an earthy aroma
New world wine is from Australia, US and South America w/ more fruit and spice flavors
Top Rated Wine
aka Primitivo
Grown in Puglia Italy but genetically equivalent to Croatian grapes
- 3rd Most popular wine in California
- Grows best in warm but not hot climates

Wine Characteristics
Very fruity-cherry, plum, blackberry aromas and flavors
Best enjoyed within 3 to 5
years of vintage
Top Rated Wine
According to the book it is a very finicky grape as in really picky and challenging
Reason because it is quite difficult to grow
Each one will cause the wine to taste differently
Grown in Burgundy, France and Oregon and California
These wine can age from 5 to 10 years or even longer
Usually rare and expensive
A thin-skinned grape
Grows best in cool climates
Allows it to develop high levels of acidity even though it can be difficult to ripen ideally
Winemakers may add some Syrah to boost up the color and body of Pinot Noir but it is best when there are no addition of other wines or the use or technological manipulation
Tannins - Usually soft and subtle

Color - Light Ruby

Texture - Silky, very lean

Aromas - Red fruits: Cherry, raspberry strawberry
- Taste
o Baking spice
o Red fruits
o Black fruits
o Mushroom
o Leather
o Charred wood
o Smoke

- Pairs with almost everything
o Fish
o Chicken
o Steak
o Great for any cuisine

- Argentina produces the most Malbec
o Single varietal wine
• Balance of fruit, acid, and tannins
- Blending grape in Bordeaux (bor-doh)
- Primary varietal of Cahors
o Red wine produced in southwest France

- Characteristics/Texture
o Full bodied
o Well structured
- Black/ dark purple tone
o Black fruit
• Black berry
• Blue berry
- Food Pairings
o Great with tapas
o Perfect for grilled food
- Aroma/Taste
o Smoky/Spicy
o Fruity
o Peppery
o Earthy and powerful
o Cinnamon
o Bold

● Cabernet Sauvignon
Origin: Bordeaux, France
Medium to full bodied, high tannins and acidity
Should be paired with red meats

● Merlot
Origin: France
Most planted grape in Bordeaux, France
Juicy, rich, sweet flavors
Low tannin and acid levels

Pinot Noir
Origin: Burgundy, France
Finicky grape, each pinot tastes different
Balanced, moderate tannins, bracing acidity, subtle
Most food friendly wine

● Syrah/Shiraz
Origin: France
Aromas: range from violets to berries fruits
● Zinfandel
Origin: Croatia
Robust red wine
Notes of berries, anise and pepper

● Grenache
Origin: Spain
Most widely planted grape variety in the
Spicy, berry-flavored and soft on the world
palate with a relatively high alcohol content
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