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Child Safe Cities

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Boris Kozuchowski

on 12 May 2014

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Transcript of Child Safe Cities

Understanding research and child-friendly cities: a new Australian outline

design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
‘The situation of otherness’

Emphasised by ‘Post Modernists’

Class, gender, ethnicity, age and sexuality

Diverse Communities: A new focus?

ince the 1970s the focus was on the ageing populations, new migrant populations, women, same sex orientation and the disabled.

Rapidly growing public debate about the welfare of Children in Australia.

Concern over children's health and well-being in cities and the built environment

Understanding Difference
1960s – Literature emerged linking urban design to children’s welfare

1970-1980 – Psychology was considered including the surrounding environments to children’s well-being

1990 – Quiet time of children being considered in planning

21st Century – Physical and mental health sparked a new fire for planning regarding children

History Timeline
Public debate into Children’s Wellbeing
UNICEF’s Child – Friendly Cities

PIA – Child Friendly Communities
Planning for Children friendly Cities
Industrial Revolution – Birth of Children in Planning

Children were “poor creatures” to the Victorian Reform

Two Groups children were placed within
- Working Class
- Vulnerable

History of Planning for Children
Geoffrey Woolcock, Brendan Gleeson and Bill Randolph (2010)
Children in the Outer Suburb
Australia – Characterised by the expanding suburbanisation

“The idea of feeling safe while strolling around the estate, even after dark and in allowing our children to play with other children outside the home provides residents with confirmation as to the physical security of their housing choice”
- Gwyther (2004)

The relation of young people’s well-being in outer suburbs is unexamined

12-19 year olds state that the only between suburban and inner city living is the range of entertainment options and post secondary schooling.

Suburban growth seems to only be useful for the ever-growing population

Government of all levels need to help elevate the problems in outer suburban areas (affordable housing)

Due to insufficient data, experience of the current adolescence can be used.
Creativity outlets rather than sporting and leisure.

Diminishing influence on backyards.

Children & young people in the compact city
Australian cities now moving to a higher density future.

New high density developments will account for the majority of new housing stock next 20-30 years.

Between 60%-70% of new development, infill and urban renewal, 440,000 new dwellings for Sydney
(Randolph 2006)
"As far as the planners are concerned, family housing is already over supplied in this new ageing city and needs little encouragement."

(Woolcock, 2010)
Planners seem to have become 'child blind'

Australians cities to be specially zoned based on various demographics.

Melbourne and Brisbane following the trend.
Concerns for planning orientated at higher density and the compact city.

Inner city childless households
Low density family housing
= Polarized City
Some 88,500 children living in flats across Sydney (ABS 2006).
Better understanding of children and young people in the urban setting.

Cross-sectoral policy combining environment and the youth to be better implemented.

New Australian scholarship into topic to be further explored.
Holmes, D, Hughes, K & Julian, R 2012, Australian Sociology: A Changing Society, 3rd edn, Pearson Australia, Frenchs Forest NSW.
Planning Institute of Australia nd., Child Friendly Communities, Planning Institute of Australia, viewed 11 November 2014, <http://www.planning.org.au/policy/child-friendly-communities>
Woolcock G, Gleeson, & Randolph B 2010, Urban research and child-friendly cities: a new Australian outline, Children’s geograhies, Vol. 8, No. 2, pg. 177-192.
Randolph, B., 2004. Social perils on the suburban fringe: meeting the needs of a diverse population. Australian Planner, 41 (2), 38–39.
Randolph, B., 2006a. Delivering the compact city in Australia: current trends and future implications. Urban Policy and Research, 24 (4), 473–490.
Gwyther, G., 2004. Paradise planned: community formation and the master planned estate, Thesis (PhD). University of Western Sydney.
Boris. K, Matt .R & Chris.B
A Child Friendly City is actively engaged in fulfilling the right of every young citizen to:
•Influence decisions about their city or community
•Express their opinion about the community they want
•Participate in family, community and social life
•Be an equal citizen of their city with access to every service, regardless of ethnic origin, religion, income, gender or disability.
•Actively supports the vulnerable members of their community to engage with civil society and improve their circumstance
•Drink safe water and have access to proper sanitation
•Be protected from exploitation, violence and abuse
•Walk safely in the streets on their own
•Meet friends and play
•Have green spaces for plants and animals
•Live in an unpolluted environment
•Participate in cultural and social events
•Learn about their human rights in schools and community spaces

(Unicef, 2013)
Unicef Child Friendly City Criteria
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