Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Ancient Indian Society and Culture

No description
by

Maddie S

on 3 May 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Ancient Indian Society and Culture

Brought to You By Maddie Sheng Ancient Indian Society and Culture Let's Take a Closer Look Religion Rituals Advancements Music & Dance Literature & Theater Architecture Roles Economy Hinduism Islam Similarities -polytheistic
-hierarchy
-encouraged use of statues to depict image of God
-reincarnation -monotheistic
-egalitarian
-restricted use of statues to depict image of God
-heaven or hell -God(s) will respond to prayers
-God(s) is the creator of all creatures
-moral responsibility of self
and others (friendliness, gratitude, mercy, patience etc.) -Islam and Hinduism
-Hindu religions were
tolerated by Muslim rulers
-Non-Muslims payed tax
-Hindus converted over-
time
-Sudras & Untouchables
converted due to egalitarian
message
-Sikhism developed that
intergrated best of the two religions -Muslim women had more rights
-Hindus converted to Muslim because of purdah
-Women were expected to have children
--Sons were preferred
-Men were the head of households -Introduced zero
-System of numbers
-Aryabhata figured out the value of pi Agriculture Trade -Oxen tillers
-Paid certain amount of harvest to
landlord
-Major Crops were wheat, barley, rice, spices, fruits and cotton
-Spices were major exports -Artisans were limited to local markets
-Castes also limited ability
-Foreign trade carried out by the Hindus, Muslims,Parsis and Jains
-the Parsis dominated banking and textile industry Ajanta Caves Architecture Cont. The era between
the Mauryas and the Mughals was an era of innovation in the artistic
department. -At Deccan Plateau
-Filled with statues
-Some caves for monasteries
-Inner surfaces are covered with colors
-Most were carved directly from the rock ~Hindu Temples~ -each consisted of a central shrine, a hall, a lobby and a porch
-sculptures were incorporated
-temples gradually progressed
- Ex. Sun Temple, Kandariya Mahadeva Temple -Poetry written in Sanskrit (majority)
-Most verses praised Shiva, Vishnu, Rama
and Krishna
-Dandin wrote "The Ten Princes"
-Kalidasa wrote "The Cloud Messenger" and 3 other plays
-Plays were performed in temples and theaters -arrived from chants of Vedic hymns
-believed physical vibrations from instruments were related to spiritual world
-Sitar was used along with wind instruments and drums
-off-key performance was a disturbance to balance of universe
-Music was based on ragas
-hand gestures used for dance
-dances used as worship, leisure
or entertainment Muslim Rituals Hindu Rituals Birth:
-child is smeared with juice of palm dates

Marriage:
-Proposal must be seen by at least 2 witnesses

Death:
-body is wrapped in Kafan
-prayers are said before body is buried
-perfumed water is sprinkled
-sand is thrown over the grave Birth:
-The Namkaran ceremony is held

Marriage:
-Typically arranged by parents

Death:
-The body is cremated (ash preferably
placed in the Ganges River)
Full transcript