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Ancient Indian Society and Culture

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Maddie S

on 3 May 2013

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Transcript of Ancient Indian Society and Culture

Brought to You By Maddie Sheng Ancient Indian Society and Culture Let's Take a Closer Look Religion Rituals Advancements Music & Dance Literature & Theater Architecture Roles Economy Hinduism Islam Similarities -polytheistic
-encouraged use of statues to depict image of God
-reincarnation -monotheistic
-restricted use of statues to depict image of God
-heaven or hell -God(s) will respond to prayers
-God(s) is the creator of all creatures
-moral responsibility of self
and others (friendliness, gratitude, mercy, patience etc.) -Islam and Hinduism
-Hindu religions were
tolerated by Muslim rulers
-Non-Muslims payed tax
-Hindus converted over-
-Sudras & Untouchables
converted due to egalitarian
-Sikhism developed that
intergrated best of the two religions -Muslim women had more rights
-Hindus converted to Muslim because of purdah
-Women were expected to have children
--Sons were preferred
-Men were the head of households -Introduced zero
-System of numbers
-Aryabhata figured out the value of pi Agriculture Trade -Oxen tillers
-Paid certain amount of harvest to
-Major Crops were wheat, barley, rice, spices, fruits and cotton
-Spices were major exports -Artisans were limited to local markets
-Castes also limited ability
-Foreign trade carried out by the Hindus, Muslims,Parsis and Jains
-the Parsis dominated banking and textile industry Ajanta Caves Architecture Cont. The era between
the Mauryas and the Mughals was an era of innovation in the artistic
department. -At Deccan Plateau
-Filled with statues
-Some caves for monasteries
-Inner surfaces are covered with colors
-Most were carved directly from the rock ~Hindu Temples~ -each consisted of a central shrine, a hall, a lobby and a porch
-sculptures were incorporated
-temples gradually progressed
- Ex. Sun Temple, Kandariya Mahadeva Temple -Poetry written in Sanskrit (majority)
-Most verses praised Shiva, Vishnu, Rama
and Krishna
-Dandin wrote "The Ten Princes"
-Kalidasa wrote "The Cloud Messenger" and 3 other plays
-Plays were performed in temples and theaters -arrived from chants of Vedic hymns
-believed physical vibrations from instruments were related to spiritual world
-Sitar was used along with wind instruments and drums
-off-key performance was a disturbance to balance of universe
-Music was based on ragas
-hand gestures used for dance
-dances used as worship, leisure
or entertainment Muslim Rituals Hindu Rituals Birth:
-child is smeared with juice of palm dates

-Proposal must be seen by at least 2 witnesses

-body is wrapped in Kafan
-prayers are said before body is buried
-perfumed water is sprinkled
-sand is thrown over the grave Birth:
-The Namkaran ceremony is held

-Typically arranged by parents

-The body is cremated (ash preferably
placed in the Ganges River)
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