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323-Climate Governance:

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Shannon Gibson

on 18 February 2016

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Transcript of 323-Climate Governance:

Climate Governance:
How Copenhagen
Shook the Climate Regime

Shannon Gibson, PhD
University of Southern California
Environmental Discourses
"specific ensembles of ideas, concepts & categorization that are produced, reproduced and transformed in a particular set of practices"
"the limits of acceptable speech" - Judith Butler
What and Why?
Backstrand & Lovbrand's Climate Discourses
Green governmentality:
technocratic, top-down governance
Ecological Modernization:
market-based solutions
Reform Civic Environmentalism:
increased transparency, democracy & action by states
Evolution of the UNFCCC & Kyoto Protocol
UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
Encourages GHG emission stabilization
Freestanding, negotiation entity
Near universal membership
'common, but differentiated responsibilities'
Kyoto Protocol
Commits & legally binds states to reduce/stabalize GHG emissions
Annex 1 vs. Non-Annex countries (CBDR)
"will collectively achieve an aggregate 5% reduction in GHG emissions from 1990 levels over period of 2008-2012"
Differential membership b/w Convention & Protocol
Meeting mitigation commitments
Domestic Action
Federal Cap & Trade
Economic incentives
Legislative Regulations
Flexible Mechanisms
Carbon trading
Clean development mechanism
Joint Implementation
How are mitigation commitments met under Kyoto?
Heading into Copenhagen
"Cluster"hagen
Contentious Issues @ COP15
Climate Week in NYC, Nov. 2009
Closed door meetings
Leaking of the "Danish Text"
Interventions and access for civil society cut as negotiations went on
Global South Response & Further Critics
Outcome of the Conference
Trends in UNFCCC Climate Negotiations (Gibson)
Institutionally - UNFCCC
increasingly challenged
increased centralization in decision-making
reduced access for civil society
States as Actors
North-South divide continues
Antagonism toward the U.S.
Middle powers more vocal
Non-state actors
increased radicalization and polarization
some demobilization
reduced access and repression
seeking alternate access/pressure points
The Road to Paris
5 full negotiation days left before Paris
Co-chairs draft text released today
Brackets
Structure
Goals & timeline
Conditionality
Omissions
Zero-emissions goal
Differentiation details
"Ex-ante review" / ratchet up mechanism
Aviation, shipping & forests
Carbon markets
Finance
Intended National Determined Contributions
October 6, 2015 - New Draft!
Big Question: When looking at the global climate change regime, which IR theory do you think best explains the current state of affairs?
Full transcript