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Healthy People 2020

September 5th, 2012
by

Kim Hartzler-Weakley

on 26 September 2012

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Transcript of Healthy People 2020

Video Over the course of the decade, the 4 foundation health measures will be used to monitor progress toward promoting health, preventing disease and disability, eliminating disparities, and improving quality of life. These broad, cross-cutting measures include:
1-General Health Status
2-Health-Related Quality of Life and Well-being
3-Determinants of Health
4-Disparities Foundation Health Measures http://healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/objectiveslist.aspx?topicId=2 Adolescent Health Objectives Healthy People 2020 provides a comprehensive set of 10-year, national goals and objectives for improving the health of all Americans. Healthy People 2020 contains 42 topic areas with nearly 600 objectives (with others still evolving), which encompass 1,200 measures. A smaller set of Healthy People 2020 objectives, called Leading Health Indicators, has been selected to communicate high-priority health issues and actions that can be taken to address them. Leading Health Indicators Measures of Health-Related Quality of Life and Well-Being include:
Physical, mental, and social health-related quality of life
Well-being/satisfaction
Participation in common activities 4. Health-Related Quality of Life and Well-Being A range of personal, social, economic, and environmental factors that influence health status are known as determinants of health.
Determinants can include:
Social and economic factors
Natural and built environments
Policies and programs 3. Determinants of Health Measures of Disparities and inequity include differences in health status based on:
Race/ethnicity
Gender
Physical and mental ability
Geography 2. Disparities Measures of General Health Status include:
Life expectancy
Healthy life expectancy
Years of potential life lost
Physically and mentally unhealthy days
Self-assessed health status
Limitation of activity
Chronic disease prevalence 1.General Health Status Healthy People 2020- A systematic approach to health improvement is composed of four key elements: Healthy People 2020 Cont… Used as a tool for strategic management by the federal government, states, communities, and many other public and private sector partners. What is it used for? Healthy People 2020 is a set of goals and objectives with 10-year targets designed to guide national health promotion and disease prevention efforts to improve the health of all people in the U.S. What is it? September 5th, 2012 Healthy People 2020 Physical activity
Overweight and obesity
Tobacco use
Substance abuse
Responsible sexual behavior
Mental health
Injury and violence
Environmental quality
Immunization
Access to health care Leading Health Indicators 4 Overarching Goals (with Foundation Measures Category)
Attain high-quality, longer lives free of preventable disease, disability, injury, and premature death (General Health Status).
Achieve health equity, eliminate disparities, and improve the health of all groups (Disparities).
Create social and physical environments that promote good health for all (Determinants of Health).
Promote quality of life, healthy development, and healthy behaviors across all life stages (Health-Related Quality of Life and Well-Being). Healthy People 2020 Determinants of Health

What makes some people healthy and others unhealthy?
How can we create a society in which everyone has a chance to live long healthy lives?

Healthy People 2020 is exploring these questions by:

1.Developing objectives that address the relationship between health status and biology, individual behavior, health services, social factors, and policies.

2.Emphasizing an ecological approach to disease prevention and health promotion. An ecological approach focuses on both individual-level and population-level determinants of health and interventions.


About Determinants of Health
The range of personal, social, economic, and environmental factors that influence health status are known as determinants of health.

Determinants of health fall under several broad categories:

Policymaking
Social factors
Health services
Individual behavior
Biology and genetics Definition:
Healthy People 2020 defines a health disparity as “a particular type of health difference that is closely linked with social, economic, and/or environmental disadvantage.
Health disparities adversely affect groups of people who have systematically experienced greater obstacles to health based on their racial or ethnic group; religion; socioeconomic status; gender; age; mental health; cognitive, sensory, or physical disability; sexual orientation or gender identity; geographic location; or other characteristics historically linked to discrimination or exclusion.”6
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