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Health and Hygiene in Trench Warfare

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by

Chioma Owo

on 4 October 2013

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Transcript of Health and Hygiene in Trench Warfare

Trench Warfare in World War 1
Health and Hygiene
Who
Soldiers
While in battle the soldiers could not bathe due to the lack of running water.
They did not have time to care about their hygiene.
When they had to use the restroom, they did not leave their station in order to not get attacked. This resulted in them going where every they stood.
What
Pests, Weather and Disease
Pests
Disease
Weather
All of these things added together, caused there to be a foul smell.
Rats
They would roam around the trenches.
One pair on rats were able to produce about 900 babies per year.
Over time the numbers grew and millions of rats came about.
-The rats would nibble of the flesh of soldiers while they slept and while one duty.
-They would also nibble on the soldiers remains
Lice
The lice would live on the clothes of the soldiers
Thy caused the soldiers to itch and also caused "Trench Fever"
Recovery from the disease took up to 12 weeks.
Tench Fever was a painful disease that began with severe pain followed by a high fever.
Trench Foot
Happened when it would rain and fill up the trenches.
Trench foot is a fungal infection.
Soldiers would stand in the cold
rain water and all of the bacteria
from their lack of hygiene. When
they stood in this, over time their
feet were infected and soliders would need amputation.
It can be prevented by...
-Wearing larger boots so you can were more socks
-Taking your shoes off once in a 24 hour period
-Changing socks
Other Diseases
Trench Mouth
Trench Fever
Pneumonia
Influenza
Malaria
Diarrhea
Cold
Many soldiers died because of their exposure to the harsh cold weather.
Soldiers would lose their fingers and toes due to frostbite.
In the winter time the temperatures in the trenches would fall under 0 degrees.
Where
When
Why (SO)
How
The Trenches were located in Europe, France and in Belgium.
Dates
1914-1918
July 28, 1914
After the assassination of Franz Ferdinand and his wife on June 28, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia and after, more countries followed.
November 11, 1918
The war ended with the Treaty of Versailles in Paris, France. Germany had declared a cease-fire. In order to do that they had to sign the treaty by the allied powers of England France and the US.
Start of World War One
End of World War One
Why
So
Because of the lack of hygiene in the first world war, better techniques were created to improve the overall health of the soldiers.
For Example:
-Trench foot brought into awareness the use of better footwear.
Even though life in the trenches were terrible, trenches were built to protect the soldiers against an enemy attack.
The large amounts of human deaths allowed for new medical treatments to be used in WW2.
Trenches were also used to avoid losing ground.
The lack of hygiene in WW1 happened because the soldiers did not have the time to care about it.
They spent most of their time fighting so the subject of health and hygiene never came about.
THE END!
Full transcript