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Quotation Marks

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Madison Birecki

on 23 January 2013

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Transcript of Quotation Marks

Quotation Marks History of Quotation Marks Also known as inverted commas By the first edition of Tom Jones in 1749, the quotation marks to contain speech and to indicate that speech was going on In 1714 someone had the idea to use them to denote direct speech Used solely to draw attention to a sententious remark in England until the 18th century There are double (“) and single (‘) quotation marks • Traditionally double indicate speech and single show a quotation within a quotation •Single quotation marks are essentially apostrophes being used in a different way
•Use quotation marks to enclose a direct quotation – a person’s exact words Use of Quotation Marks
Example: Russell says, “Good afternoon. Are you in need of any assistance today, sir?”

Incorrect Example: Carl says, “this is crazy. I finally meet my childhood hero and he's trying to kill us. What a joke.”

Explanation: The capital letter indicates the beginning of a new sentence within the quote. o A direct quotation begins with a capital letter.
Example: “I was hiding under your porch,” Dug said to Mr. Frederickson, “because I love you.”

Incorrect Example: “Russell,” says Mr. Fredrickson, “At this rate we'll never get to the falls!”

Explanation: By not capitalizing the second part of the broken quotation the quotation functions as one sentence. o When a quoted sentence is divided into two parts by an interrupting expression such as he said or Mother asked, the second part begins with a small letter.
Example: “Won’t you please be my prisoner, please, please, please?” Dug said to Kevin.

Incorrect Example: “South America. It's like America, but south” Ellie explains to Carl.

Explanation: The punctuation sets the quotation off from the rest of the sentence by ending the thought within the quotation. o A direct quotation is set off from the rest of the sentence by commas or by a question mark or an exclamation point. o Other marks of punctuation when used with quotation marks are placed according to the following rules: Question marks and exclamation points are placed inside the closing quotation marks if the quotation is a question or an exclamation; otherwise they are placed outside. Commas and periods are always placed inside the closing quotation marks Example: “Now,” Alpha says, “you must wear the cone of shame.”

Incorrect Example: “That's typical”,the nurse says, “he's probably going to the bathroom for the 80th time”.

Explanation: The punctuation within the quotation marks set the quotations off from the rest of the sentence and shows breaks and endings within the quotation.  Semicolons and colons are always placed outside the closing quotation marks. Example: There are four main characters in “Up”: Carl, Russell, Kevin, and Dug.

Incorrect Example: There are four talking dogs in the movie “Up:” Dug, Alpha, Gamma, and Beta.

Explanation: The colons and semi-colons relate to the actual sentence rather than the quotation, therefore they go outside the quotation marks, within the actual sentence. Example: Do you like when Dug says, “My name is Dug. I have just met you, and I love you.”?

Incorrect: Mr. Fredrickson sees Russell out on his porch and says, “What are you doing out here, kid”?

Explanation: The placing of the punctuation determines whether the quotes is a question or an exclamation or the sentence is a question or exclamation. o When you write dialogue, begin a new paragraph every time the speaker changes. Example:
“Can we keep him, please?” Russell asks Mr. Frederickson
“No.”
“But it’s a talking dog!” Russell exclaims

Incorrect Example: “Good afternoon. Are you in need of any assistance today, sir?” “No.” “I could help you cross the street.” “No.”

Explanation: By creating a new line the different character’s speech is divided.
o When a quoted passage consist of more than one paragraph, place quotation marks at the beginning of each paragraph and at the end of the entire passage, not at the end of each paragraph. Example: “Look out! Mount Rushmore! Hard to starboard. Must get the Spirit of Adventure over Mount Rushmore!
“Hold together old girl. How’re my dogs doing? Ruff ruff!”

Incorrect Example:
“Look out! Mount Rushmore! Hard to starboard. Must get the Spirit of Adventure over Mount Rushmore”
“Hold together old girl. How’re my dogs doing? Ruff ruff!”

Explanation: The quotations end at the end of the entire passage to indicate the quotation belongs together.


Example: “Aster said, ‘Get the bird.’” Beta said to Alpha

Incorrect: “Mr. Frederickson said, do not touch that. So don’t touch it” Russell said.

Explanation: The use of single quotation marks to enclose a quotation within a quotation is to make sure that the statement in quotes is separate from the rest of the quote.
Use single quotation marks to enclose a quotation within a quotation.

Example: The movie “Up” is a quality family movie.

Incorrect: The movie Up is a quality family movie.

Explanation: The quotations set the title off from the rest of the sentence
• Use quotation marks to enclose titles of chapters, articles, short stories, poems, songs, and other parts of books and periodicals.

Example: “Master said, ‘Get the bird.’” Beta said to Alpha

Incorrect: “Mr. Frederickson said, do not touch that. So don’t touch it” Russell said.

Explanation: The use of single quotation marks to enclose a quotation within a quotation is to make sure that the statement in quotes is separate from the rest of the quote.
Use single quotation marks to enclose a quotation within a quotation.
Use quotation marks to enclose slang words, technical terms, and other expressions that are unusual in standard English. Example: Mr. Frederickson often says “gah” whenever an event goes wrong.

Incorrect Example: Mr. Frederickson often says gah whenever an event goes wrong.

Explanation: The quotation marks set the term off from the rest of the sentence.
THE END!
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