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America:The 50s and 60s

#Olivia Porter.Catherine Scriven. Ilsa Graham. Sarah Turner. Annie Raistrick
by

catherine scriven

on 23 November 2012

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Transcript of America:The 50s and 60s

America: 50s and 60s More background information... Civil Rights Voting Act Harper Lee Case Study:Little Rock Arkansas Harper Lee Society in the 1950s Society and Racism A growing group of Americans spoke out against inequality and injustice during the 1950s. African Americans had been fighting against racial discrimination for centuries; during the 1950s, however, the struggle against racism and segregation entered the mainstream of American life. In the Brown vs Board of Education ruling the Supreme Court declared that “separate educational facilities” for black children were “inherently unequal.” Many white parents resisted the ruling by withdrew their children from public schools and enrolled them in all-white “segregation academies,” and they used violence and intimidation to prevent blacks from asserting their rights. In 1957 the supreme court permitted 9 black students to attend Little Rock High School, Arkansas. When they turned up to school they were met by a violent mob of white british children and had to leave school at lunch time for their own safety. They were escorted home by police. Harper Lee was writing her book in the 1950s. In the 1950s social change was beginning to occur as protests and politicians started to create political reform. As Harper Lee was writing her book she will have been faced with segregation on a daily basis and the risks that many blacks faced of being lynched for going against the “tradition” of the southern states. Given that this book was written in a southern state the reception might have been mixed to this book. Some would have received it with joy and hope in for change, others would have been angry and disgusted that white people could be sympathetic towards black people. In 1964, LBJ used the death of Kennedy to get the sympathy vote to get the civil rights bill passed. ct. President Johnson signed the 1964 Civil Rights Act in July of that year. In 1965 LBJ passed the civil rights act. At this point only 1 in 9 Black men had the right to vote. By the end of 1966, only 4 out of the traditional 13 Southern states, had less than 50% of African Americans registered to vote. By 1968, even hard-line Mississippi had 59% of African Americans registered. It also abolished the literacy test which people used to try and prevent lessb educated blacks from voting. It gave government the right to end segregation in the South it prohibited segregation in public places. An Equal Employment Commission was created federal funding would not be given to segregated schools. Any segregationist company that applied for a loan would not get it.
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