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Sexual Assault and Crisis Intervention

Graduate Programming


on 11 June 2014

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Transcript of Sexual Assault and Crisis Intervention

Sexual violence &
add Personal details
gross sexual assault
sexual act
sexual contact
victims of sexual violence
Today's GoALS:
1.) Increase awareness & understanding of sexual violence & it's impact.
2.) Provide knowledge on wide variety of sexual violence issues.
3.) Develop the skills necessary to assist the victim/survivors.
please do not hold questions
Rape Trauma Syndrome
"He did not kill me, he killed the person I was"
sexual violence
talk to your neighbor about what events might cause Rape Trauma Syndrome symptoms to appear years into the healing process.
2 minutes:
crisis intervention
A pattern of physical, emotional and behavioral stress reactions within the
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
diagnosis category.

Symptoms may appear, then disappear, and then reappear again.
24 hour services
Crisis and Support Line
One-to-one support navigating any system following a sexual assault
questions*grounding*referrals*safety planning*support for victims, family & friends*support group*SART Advocate referral
Emergency Department*Police Interview*Protection Orders*Court Proceedings*Medical follow-up
SART Advocates
sarssm services
Post-Rape Phases
Response to trauma...
What are some of characteristics of a trauma survivor?
Short term?
Long term?
Phase Two
Phase Three
Extreme stress or shock.
Great fear and anxiety
Quiet and controlled
Smiles and giggly
Crying or hysterical
Accepts the fact of the rape and begins to understand that it is now a part of their life.
Wants to get on with it and forget what happened
May continue to experience Rape Trauma Syndrome symptoms.
Thinks increasingly about what happened
Some symptoms may reappear
Functions less well in general
Feels a need to talk about sexual assault and resulting feelings.
Community Education
School-based Education K-college
Three defined and over-lapping phases that occur for most sexual assault survivors
hours to days
Weeks, months or years
Tools of crisis intervention
As advocates, not clinicians, crisis intervention is the action of supporting a person in the midst of any symptoms related to Rape Trauma Syndrome or on-going impacts of sexual violence.
Develop a relationship: listen, identity, accept and reflect feelings
Address Issues or Problems: explore these with the caller, helping them identify and articulate
Summarize: review situation to be sure you understand the issues and feelings involved
Focus and Plan: explore support systems and resources; together develop a plan of the problem
Contact: clarify what action was decided upon and ask caller to contract to do this; include follow-up or referral if appropriate
Activity: Think of a time you were in crisis
Physical Symptoms
• Immediately after a rape, survivors often experience
. They are likely to feel cold, faint, disorientated, tremble, feel nauseous.
• Pregnancy.

problems. Irregular, heavier and/or painful periods. Vaginal discharges, bladder infections. Sexually transmitted diseases.
• Bleeding and/or infections from
tears or cuts
in the vagina or rectum.
• A
of the body. There may also be bruising, grazes, cuts or other injuries.
• Nausea and/or vomiting.
• Throat irritations and/or soreness due to forced oral sex.
• Tension
• Pain in the lower back and/or in the stomach.

disturbances. This may be difficulty in sleeping or feeling exhausted and needing to sleep more than usual.
• Eating disturbances. This may be not eating or eating less or needing to eat more than usual.

Psychological Symptoms
• Increased fear and anxiety.
• Self-blame and guilt.
• Helplessness, no longer feeling in control of her life.
• Humiliation and shame.
• Lowering of her self esteem
• Feeling dirty or contaminated by the rape
• Anger
• Feeling alone and that no one understands.
• Losing hope in the future.
• Emotional numbness.
• Confusion
• Loss of memory.
• Constantly thinking about the rape.
• Having flashbacks to the rape, feeling like it is happening again.
• Nightmares
• Depression.
• Becoming suicidal.

A victim of a traumatizing crime needs:
to feel safe
to express their emotions
to know what comes next
"Could you tell me more about....?"
"Would you tell me more about...?"
"Can I share some options with you?"
"Can we talk about next steps?"
Full transcript