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The Three As (Attention, Approval, and Attunement): The Mas

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Sarah Smith

on 20 March 2018

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Transcript of The Three As (Attention, Approval, and Attunement): The Mas

The Three As (Attention, Approval, and Attunement): The Master Tools for Quality Care and Education
Attention
2 ways of thinking about attention- caregiving and instruction
Approval
The best type of attention is approval
Approval indicates respect
Approval builds trust and self-confidence, which encourages exploration and experimentation.
Attunement
Attunement involves being totally aware of everything: including moods, needs, interests, and responding accordingly.
Attunement requires careful observations.
Attunement also requires sensitivity
Where did the three As come from?
Infants and toddlers require secure attachments, and research has shown that the three As support secure attachment in infants and toddlers.
What's the difference?
Is one more important than the other?
Caregiving Attention
70% of our communication with others is nonverbal.
What are some ways we communicate non-verbally?
Reflect: Do you ever form opinions or get feelings about people based on non-verbal communication? Are they right? Consider your own non-verbal communication- are you conscious of it? Could you improve?
Caregivers should attend to needs and behavior in a responsive and senstive manner for each individual child
How does a child's temperament influence your caregiving methods?
How can a family's culture influence your caregiving methods?
Why is it important to be highly responsive? Does being highly responsive mean that you must address every behavior issue?
Children are very aware of what a caregiver attends/ responds to, and in can influence their development.
Instructional Attention
Teachers focus attention on each child's individual needs, behaviors, and skills to identify each child's zone of proximal development.
Being aware of each child's zone of proximal development allows a teacher to provide the right kind of scaffolding to allow the child to learn efficiently and at their own level.
Teachers collect this type of information by focusing attention in a deliberate way for assessment purposes.
Provide examples of this type of instructional attention in an infant or toddler classroom.

How does the childcare setting influence instructional attention?
Why is exploration and experimentation important in a toddler classroom?
It is important to differentiate disapproval of behavior from disapproval of the child. This is easiest when a foundation of trust is combined with a sensitive caregiver.
It is also very important to overdo praise and use it in a generic way.
Why can overpraise and generic praise backfire?
Educators should view children as being capable, strong, competent, and full of potential.

Why are observations so important and how should a teacher keep track of observations?
Case Study
Mr. T is having some trouble in his toddler classroom. 20 month old Grayson has been biting. He has bit two other children in one week. Grayson only speaks 2 words and primarily grunts. Rochelle, 18 months, has not been eating at lunch and is very fussy in the afternoon. Marylou, 16 months, is brand new this week Her mother just went back to work full time for the first time and she has been crying every morning.
How can Mr. T use the three As (Attention, Approval, and Attunement) to work out some of these problems? What are some things you would try?
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