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Vocabulary - Lesson 1

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by

Kristen Cundiff

on 18 August 2014

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Transcript of Vocabulary - Lesson 1

Vocabulary - Lesson 1
Roots: How do they work?
*Prefixes, bases, and suffixes are ROOTS. Every root has a meaning. When joined together, roots create words.

*The BASE describes the main idea. The PREFIX and/or SUFFIX give an important detail about that main idea.

*PREFIXES = at the beginning
BASES = in the middle
SUFFIXES = at the end
Divide and Conquer:
Prefixes and Bases
Can you figure out how each of these PREFIXES gives a new meaning to the bases
ten
,
tin
,
tent
,
tain
?

ten
,
tin
,
tent
,
tain
= "hold"

re
tain
per
tain
de
tain
con
tinue

discon
tinue (2 prefixes)

A PREFIX is a root places BEFORE the base of the word.


*Over 60% of all words in the English dictionary are based on Greek or Latin roots.

*A few prefixes are used in a large number of words. Prefixes have consistent spelling and clear meaning.

*90% of English words with more than 2 syllable come from Latin and Greek.
Divide and Conquer
You can figure out the meaning of a new word by "Dividing and Conquering" its roots.

preview
pre/view
pre- = "before" / view = "see"
Preview means to "
see
" something "
before
" others see it.

review
re/view
re- = "back or again" / view = "see"
Review means to
go back
and "
see
" something "
again
."

Divide and Conquer:
Bases and Suffixes
Can you figure out how each of these SUFFIXES affects the meaning of the base?

*Some musicians can gener
ate
excitement across genera
tions
.

*A perfection
ist
is someone who seeks perfec
tion
.

A SUFFIX is a root placed at the END of the word.
Interesting Facts about English
Full transcript