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ART324 Movements 1945-present
Transcript of ART324 Movements 1945-present
Centers around 291 Gallery in NYC (1904-1915)
Introduced America to Modern Art
Creates first Abstract work done in America
Key Artists: Alfred Steiglitz, Arthur Dove, Georgia O'Keeffe Regionalists (30s-40s) The guardians of conservatism and representation and fought against modernist abstraction.
Socially conscious and nationalistic.
Concentrated on intrinsically “American” themes in their work.
Supported by Federal Arts Project through the WPA (Works Progress Administration).
Artists include: Thomas Hart Benton, Grant Wood, Charles Burchfield, and Hopper.
These artists are still very popular today Abstract Expressionists (40s-60s) Abstract Expressionism develops out of World War II
Reaction to Provincialism/Regionalism
Key Artists: Jackson Pollock, Franz Kline, William deKooning, Robert Motherwell, Clifford Still, Mark Rothko. Color Field Painters (50s-60s) Stylistically developed out of the Abstract Expressionist movement in New York in the 1950s.
Inspired by European Modernism, and the ideas of the Abstract Expressionist movement.
It is characterized by large fields of flat, solid color, spread across or stained into the canvas.
This results in areas of unbroken surfaces and a flat picture plane.
Gesture, brushstroke, and action is deemphasized as overall consistency of form and process are celebrated instead.
Key Artists: Barnett Newman, Mark Rothko, Helan Frankenthaler, Clifford Still Neo-Dada/Post AbEx (1950s) The first major important group that developed in reaction the Abstract Expressionists was never a formal group.
Art History gives them the name Neo-Dada as a way to describe what they were doing, but they are much more complex then that.
Realize the tremendous possibilities of their everyday surroundings in the creation of new subject matter.
They were also looking back at Art History for sources and inspirational techniques, and looking at current culture for images of the common place.
Key Artists:Robert Rauschenberg, Jasper Johns, and Cy Twombly.
First postmodern movement POP Art (1960s) Pop artist use a few strategies to accomplish their ideas.1. Irony and Parody:2. Connection to Everyday:3. Neutralization accompanied by purposeful disconnect4. Techniques derived from popular mass culture.5. Emphasized banal or kitschy elements of any given culture.6. Associated with the artists’ use of mechanical means of reproduction or rendering techniques.
Key Artists: Andy Warhol, Roy Lictenstein, James Rosenquist, Tom Wessleman, Wayne Thiebaud, Claus Oldenberg Hard Edge Abstraction (1960s) Hard-Edge was defined in opposition to the geometric art of Cezanne and much of 20th century painting.
Geometric Art: Break down form to cone, cylinder and sphere and compile these separate elements. Form treated as discrete entities.
Hard-Edge: Forms are few and the surface immaculate.
The whole picture becomes the unit; forms extend the length of the painting and are restricted to two or three tones.
Result: sparseness that avoids spatial effects of figures on a field.
The elimination of figure/ground and total unity.
Key Artists: Ellsworth Kelly, Ken Noland Minimalism (1970s) Art movement that encompassed multiple forms of Art (painting, sculpture, etc).
Strips the work down to its most fundamental features.
Rooted in reductive aspects of Modernism
Reaction to Abstract Expressionism.
Emerges in New York in the late 1960s.
Not interested in art as self-expression.
Work features include: geometric (often cubic forms) purged of metaphor, equality of parts, repetition, neutral surfaces, and the use of industrial materials.
Key Artists: Brice Marden, Agnes Martin, Donald Judd, Dan Flavin Between the wars:
return to order (reemergence of classicism)
move towards chaos (Dada and Surrealism) Devastation of Europe results in shift of cultural and artistic power to America Postmodern emergence
during the 1960s and 70s Conceptual Art (1960s) deemphasized object
emphasis on ideas
politicizing of art
gender and race issues
critique of the institution Postmodernism fully emerges The Death of Painting... emergence of performance art and new media The return of objects and traditional materials used in new ways Present: Anything Goes