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Matthew Effect- Outliers

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by

Ashley Hart

on 31 October 2013

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Transcript of Matthew Effect- Outliers

THE STORY OF SUCCESS
Outliers
It is those who are successful, in other words, who are most likely to be given the kinds of special opportunities that lead to further success.
"Accumulative advantage"
Those born in the last half of the year have all been discouraged, or overlooked, or pushed out of the sport.
Matthew 25:29
"For unto everyone that hath shall be given, and he shall have abundance. But form him that hath not shall be taken away even that which he hath."
Matthew 25:29
"To those who use well what they are given, even more will be given, and they will have an abundance. But from those who do nothing, even what little they have will be taken away."
Matthew 25:29
New Living Translation
Opportunity
The Matthew Effect, most commonly called Accumulated Advantage, is the principle that a little bit of success early on leads to larger success and more opportunities to succeed later. This principle is most prevalent in athletics and with athletes. This occurs most commonly in athletics because of three processes of youth development programs; selection, streaming, and differentiated experience.
The Matthew Effect
Selection- The process of selection is first step in youth development programs around the world from a very young age kids are evaluated by scouts who select which young prospects who have the most natural skill and talent.
Steaming- After the children have been evaluated, the "best" young athletes are placed in the better leagues with the better coaches while the other children are put in a lesser leagues with less skilled coaches and receive less practice time
Differentiated experience- The increased practice time and superior coaching makes that initial advantage from extra physical development into an actual skill gap from the two different develop programs.
Differentiated experience- The increased practice time and superior coaching makes that initial advantage from extra physical development into an actual skill gap from the two different develop programs.
Accumulate means gradually increasing in amount or degree over a period of time.
Advantage means to have favor or superiority in a situation.
What does it all mean?
Those that have an advantage (like more practice) tend to be more successful because all that practice adds up over time.
Most of the successful players had a head start to their success. This played a critical role in their success. If you have a head start on other people, you have an advantage over them in something such as a competition or race.
Canadian Hockey Example
Full transcript