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Mesopotamian Civilization vs Indus Valley Civilization

Humanities Project by Mihika and Malaika- 6A
by

mixz jade

on 16 March 2013

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Transcript of Mesopotamian Civilization vs Indus Valley Civilization

Mesopotamian Civilization vs.
Indus Valley Civilization By Mihika Prakash and Malaika Fernandes Mesopotamian Civilization Indus Valley Civilization Similarities between the two http://www.rivervalleycivilizations.com/tigris-euphrates.php Both have community baths (although in the Mesopotamian civilization only in big cities)
Houses were made of sun-dried bricks... (or fired-dry bricks)
A small portion of a houses was made of wood
Both civilizations had a 'most important' or 'famous' building in each city that was built on a mound. Town Planning Mesopotamian cities were built around distinct palaces/temples that were dedicated to the patron god/goddess of tht city. (more in religion)
Most of the people lived in a town/city.
They had walls to protect thier cities Indus cities were not built around distinct palaces or temples.
They were built to the east of the citadel.
Towns were planned more systematically and in a grid pattern
Most of the people lived in small villages
They had walls to protect thier houses Bibliography; Similarities between the two Indus Valley Civilization Mesopotamian Civilization Weapons Similarities between the two Indus Valley Civilization Mesopotamian Civilization Similarities between the two Indus Valley Civilization Mesopotamian Civilization Similarities between the two Indus Valley Civilization Mesopotamian Civilization Similarities between the two Indus Valley Civilization Mesopotamian Civilization Weapons used; Arrowheads
Axes
Knives
Lancepoints
Swords
Daggers
Clubs
Armor In both civilizations some of the tools were made of bronze.
Arrows were also used in both civilizations. Weapons used;

Spears
The people of the Indus Valley were very peaceful compared to the Mesopotamians, so the weapons they used were mainly for agriculture. Food and Farming Economy The economy of both civilizations depended on agriculture and trade.
Traded with eachother and other civilizations
Had boats to use for trade Language and Art Written on soft clay
Religious literature (prayers, rituals, etc)
Pottery
Metalwork Indus Valley language not understood yet
Artwork - Beads and jewellery similar to modern-day jewellery
Seals were used most probably as proof of identity. Seals could also have been used to depict gods and goddesses. Technology Irrigation Systems
Writing System
Number System
Wheeled Vehicles
Boats Exact measurement and weighing system
Uniform brick size for all construction
Most technology for agriculture http://bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/indus_valley Earliest known system of writing
Juridical literature
Used triangular-tipped stylus for writing Similarities between the two Indus Valley Civilization Mesopotamian Civilization Religion Indus religion may have shaped the beliefs of Hindus
Indus people believed in the hindu religion from 1700-1100 B.C.E and the buddhist religion at 365 B.C.E Both civilizations grew (and ate) wheat, dates, barley, figs, peas (and chickpeas)
General Fruits and Vegetables such as onion, garlic, ginger, grapes etc... They grew (and ate) melons, lettuce and other general fruits and veg. Mesopotamia believed that each town and city was protected by a god
Pyramid temples were a connection/gateway betwen heaven and earth
As time went on, temples became a center for learning as well as religion
Every city had its own patron god or goddess which protected them and owned everything in that city/town They both had religious hymns that they would sing at ceremonies. First created the wheel Made transport of trading goods easier for both civilizations by creating the wheel
Traded precious stones and other things found or made in Mesopotamia Traded cotton, beads and other art and jewellery in the Indus Valley They grew flax and used it for many puposes such as oil, cloth, net and, of course, food. Flax was a very important crop in the mesopotamian civilization. Thank You!
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