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Transcript of Hegel Presentation
The tension would be resolved with a third idea which accommodates both ideas (synthesis). ... the reasonable is that which is viable... He was a professor at the center of German National Romanticism. Hegel developed his own method for understanding history. He united and developed nearly all ideas of the Romantic period. Late 1700s, early 1800s, Germany Hegel's Philosophy of History Totality Hegel believed that only the whole of something
can be true. Every moment or phase is partial, therefore it
can only be partially true. Totality preserves all the moments or stages within an idea and is the product of all the moments in a structure. Idealist What is Knowing? Hegelianism "the rational alone is real" To Hegel, knowing is something that you do, but it is also a presence of mind. Reality is capable of being expressed in rational categories. Something is real only if it can be grasped with logic and reason.
There is no truth above human reason.
All knowledge is human knowledge. "the truth is the whole" History is like a river... The river will continue to expand and grow: the history of the world will continuously expand in spirit.
Spirit= culture, ideas of the world (not physical)
Spirit is all things relating to humans because only humans have a spirit. The river is timeless: Hegel compared history to a running river. It is changed by all the things in it’s path, never ceasing to change, but still concrete enough to acknowledge.
There are no eternal truths because at some point all truths change (therefore they will not true as time goes by). Truths from the past are not true today. How to Study Hegel Thesis Antithesis/Negation Heat means nothing without understanding something that us cooler. Synthesis: results in our understanding of temperature. The Individual Rationality Hegel describes rationality as the ratio between concepts. White. What is it that makes white white? Hegelian Dialectic This video demonstrates how one should study Hegel... Romanticist Individualist Hegel and His Account of According to Hegel:
One would first recognize the immediate concrete qualities of white (what you see as the pigment or on the surface).
It is as equally important to recognize what you associate with white such as: goodness, purity, illumination (moral things).
How is this possible (that we can associate white with moral aspects)?
White can also be proven by what it is not: black (dynamic logic). Nature or the history of nature is often described by Hegel as being dynamic and fluid. History Hegel is well-known for his account of history. His ideas on history were later taken over by Marx.
He "inverted" these ideas into a materialist theory of historical development.
With this, Marx formed the base of communism. Therefore, you cannot detach an idea from its historical context call it right or wrong. World spirit grows and broadens as the river expands to enter a larger body of water. History constitutes the ever-increasing self-knowledge and self-development of humans.
This is the result of a dialectic process.
(ideas coming from other ideas, exponential growth) "the reasonable is that which is viable" Whatever survives history is right. To understand a certain concept, the opposites must be recognized to realize reality. Dynamic Logic Each individual has the ability to look beyond their own viewpoint to recognize that they are a part of a greater whole. Family School Political Order Social