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Transcript of Japanese-American Relocation
By Lilly Hunsberger
U.S. Internment of Japanese-Americans
Occurred from February 1942 til February 1946...
After the attack by Japan on Pearl Harbor, many peoples' feelings against Japanese Americans continued to grow, In Feb. 1942, President Roosevelt signed the "Executive Order 9066". This caused the exclusion of all Japanese Americans to the West Coast. It began in March of 1942. Under the War Relocation Authority (WRA) Japanese Americans were transported on buses and trains, while being watched by guards, to one of twelve temporary detention centers. This "housing" was crowded, unclean, and lacked proper ventilation. The little food they did have was normally spoiled and the medicine was scarce.
Links For More Information:
Conditions of the Camps:
Overall Internment: http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/japanese-american-relocation/videos/japanese-internment-in-america
Image of many Japanese Americans being put on buses, in order to get to their "new homes" (Detention Centers, or Concentration Camps.)
In time, these camps were not enough, and thousands of people were moved to permanent concentration camps. These camps were of extreme climates, and were surrounded by barbed wire and guards constantly on the watch, ready to pull the trigger. Very few people were able to leave, but those that were, fought in the U.S. Army, and sometimes were forced to fight against Japan. In Dec. 1944, Roosevelt ended the banding of Japanese Americans in the West Coast, allowing them to return to their homes, stores, and buildings. But, prejudice was still extremely common, so even after they were free to return home, many didn't. Most of them stayed in the concentration camps until 1946 when the last of them closed, forcing them back into the homes they left years before.
Concentration Camps that many Japanese Americans had to be in.
Many Japanese-Americans returned home to find trashed, ruined, and sometimes even burned down. One thing was obvious, they were not wanted back home.
They never received the payment they deserved... That is until 1988, when President Reagan signed into law "The Civil Liberties Act of 1988" Which served as an apology and redress to all the Japanese Americans that were still living. ( A little less than half were already dead by this point.
The Internment (Concentration) Camps.