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Talent ID 2

Predictors of Talent, Talent Identification
by

Alice Tocknell

on 12 October 2012

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Transcript of Talent ID 2

Types & Predictors of Talent Talent Identification and
Development in Sport alice.tocknell@hartpury.ac.uk How much do you know? Predictors of Talent Name the 5 categories predictors of talent fall into What are the 4 types of talent?

Define talent Sociological Factors Types of talent Unidimensional

Multidimensional

Unisport

Multisport Limited transferable skills - sprinter who can only sprint 100m Range of skills that are transferable to other sports, positions and events. Common in team sports Excel in one sport to elite level - David Beckham is a world class footballer but not world class at any other sport World class at a range of sports - unheard of today a natural ability to be good at something that can be developed by appropriate training Talent Greatest English cricketer - captaining England scoring 94 first class centuries. Never lost a test match, and had an average of 50 Took in the first ever internation athletics match between Yale and Oxford and won the 100m, and long jump. In 1893, he also = WR long jump record at 7.17m Played rugby for Oxford University, Blackheath & the Barbarians Professional footballer, reached FA Cup Final and played for England What type of talent did Fry have? Would it be possible for a modern day athlete to emulate Fry's achievements? Why? What categories could predictors of talent be grouped under? E.g. including parental support and Education Sociological Physical

Physiological

Psychological

Sociological

Skill-related Learning Outcome 1: Know the key predictors of talent for performers in sport What do we mean by factors affecting talent identification? What sociological factors can you think of which may affect talent identification? What sociological factors can you think of which may affect talent identification in football? sociological Sociological factors in talent identification... Race
Sex
Religion
Tradition
Family
Injury
Social class
Country of residence Social acceptance
Disability
Parental influence
Identity construction
Peer pressure
School sport
Facilities
Scouting hot-spots Psychological Factors Think back to your own early experiences of sport. How were they related to your age, social class, race or ethnicity, family, neighbourhood or community?

Why might differences in your experiences exist? Hoop Dreams "The first five yards are in your head" What traits make a successful performer standout? psychological Many individuals believe that sport only requires physical abilities

With the increased demands and stresses placed upon athletes, psychological factors are required

These psychological factors can be used to predict how successful an individual could be What psycholgical traits are found in:
Golf
Rugby
Football Physical Factors Physiological Factors Skill-related Factors Talent Golf psychological predictors of talent Rugby psychological predictors of talent Golf is a sport which is very technical; even small changes can make large difference to performance.

These skills take time to develop and learn and individuals who have the physical attributes to succeed work hard to reach the top; instead of falling at the first hurdle. Drive Golf requires large amounts of information to be processed eg target distance, lie, distance, desired flight path, club selection and swing execution

Therefore a young golfer must be able to analyse situation using the information present.

Decisions in potential athletes don’t have to be correct as these can be developed Analytical Abilities Focus Individuals need to be able to focus the right amount of attention to the task in-hand

This can be developed, but can indicate suitability to achieve Drive, Attention, Confidence / Self belief, Personality type, Leadership Aggression Ability to be aggressive, but within a controlled manner

Very important in rugby due to the contact nature of the game Team Work Rugby requires individuals to work as part of a team to achieve a set outcome

Individuals can have their personality assessed to see if they are suitable to achieve success within a team sport All attempts at talent identification are fundamentally based on the prediction of future performance of athletes based on their present level of performance and attributes Anaerobic Capacity ability to work without oxygen Sports? Aerobic Capacity maximal capacity for oxygen consumption by the body Sports? General Motor Skills Fundamental to movements such as running, jumping, throwing and catching

Dependant on components of fitness such as agility, balance, and co-ordination

Athletes who display these skills as young children tend to be better athletes in later life Technical and tactical skills Sport specific skills that are learned through game play

Technical - technique you need during a game

Tactical - tactical skills relating to different positional plays or phases during a game

Tactical also know as - Game intelligence Limited transferable skills - sprinter who can only sprint 100m Range of skills that are transferable to other sports, positions and events. Common in team sports Excel in one sport to elite level - David Beckham is a world class footballer but not world class at any other sport World class at a range of sports - unheard of today 1 2 3 4 What terms are each definition describing? Describe these aspects of predictors of talent... 1. Physical - Height

2. Psychological - Drive

3. Physiological - Anaerobic capactiy

4. Sociological - Social class

5. Skill - motor skills Bring all your notes in order to complete P1 and P2 in class

P1: Describe the different types of talent
P2: Describe five different predictors of talent for sports performers Next Lesson: In - class assignment Predictors of Talent Hoop Dreams is a critically acclaimed 1994 documentary film directed by Steve James, with Kartemquin Films. It follows the story of two African-American high school students in Chicago and their dream of becoming professional basketball players

(Parts 3,4,5 & 6 can be found on youtube.com) What physical characteristics can we assess for talent identification? Pick a sport and list the physical characteristic you would identify Sport specific Position specific Size
Quickness to react
Power
Flexibility
Speed
Tracking
Peripheral vision
Strength
Agility
Vision
Co-ordination
Depth perception Physical Predictors.... Predicting Adult Height Girls reach 75% adult height at 7.5y
boys at 9 years.

Girls reach 90% adult height at 11.5y
boys at 13.5 years What do we need to think about? Maturation Early maturers may excel or be disadvantaged

Late maturers may have greater potential Profoundly alters power : mass ratio The Young Athlete Less strength and lower aerobic & anaerobic capacity than adults





Highly trainable systems which recover quickly

Faster at learning skills than adults (eg swimming) Research in Sport..... Height
sitting height
mass
arm span
2 arm throw
seated throw
cricket ball throw
countermovement jump
40m sprint
multistage shuttle run Australian Sports Commission, 1995 A battery of tests designed to discriminate high sporting potential

Used by track & field, canoeing, cycling, rowing, triathlon, water polo and wt lifting

High achievers invited to join talented athlete programme Talent Search Cotzee et al., 2001, S.A. J Res Sp, PE & Rec 23: 9 -25 Literature based research for 14y old boys swimming 50 and 100m freestyle

23 variables predicting success identified

Physical Predictors were:

Long lower limb, hand & foot lengths
Wide shoulders in relation to hips
Biceps + head girths Talent ID by anthropometry in swimming Olds T. In Anthropometrica 1996 (Norton & Olds) UNSW p343 Sporting Giants In the early 1960s, Wilt Chamberlain was one of 3 players over 7ft tall in the NBA.

In 2001 there were 42

Mean height increase is 2.25cm/decade, for NBA players since 1945, and tallest are increasing at 4.38cm/decade.

The secular trend is just 1cm/decade Lower body weight High surface area
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