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Characteristics of Mental Retardation (Intellectual Disability)
Transcript of Characteristics of Mental Retardation (Intellectual Disability)
The most defining characteristic of intellectual disabilities is impaired cognitive ability
Not a problem area only for people with ID (Adaptation in Human development, Teaching and Education, Home living, Community living, Employment, Health & Safety, Behavioral, Social, and Protection & Advocacy)
Need for Supports
Natural Supports- the individual's own resources, family, friends, and neighbors; can also come from coworkers on the job or peers at school
Smith, D. D., & Tyler, N. C. (2010). Introduction to Special Education Seventh Edition. New Jersey: Courier Kendallville, Inc.
Three Defining Characteristics
Impaired Cognition makes simple tasks difficult to learn
Can interfere with communicative competence, because the content of messages are harder to deliver or comprehend
Individuals with ID are below those of 97% of their peers in cognitive abilities
Short term memory is often impaired; the individual may also have trouble with long term memory, finding it hard to remember events or the proper sequence of events, particularly when the events are not clearly identified as important
Nonpaid supports- ordinary neighborhood and community supports (eg. clubs, recreational leagues and groups, and private organizations)
Generic Supports- Public transportation and states' human services systems
Specialized Supports- disability specific, such as human services delivered to families of children with disabilities, special education, special early intervention services, and vocational rehabilitation services